Types of Flowers

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Types of Flowers

Types of Flowers: The beauty and diversity of colorful flowers, scents and textures, and intriguing scientific properties can feel like a world beyond our own. However, it is not just the beauty of flowers that captivates us but also the science behind it.

In botany, there are four different types of plants, and one of them is angiosperms (aka flowering plants).

The APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group) is an international group of systematic botanists dedicated to discovering new angiosperms that reveal new data about plant relationships identified through phylogenetic studies.

Types of Flowers

Here is a collection of all types of flowers in the plant world.

Acacia Flowers

Acacia

Acacia flowers are one of the most incredible treats of Australia, eye-opening and sensual as they bathe the savannah in color. Commonly known as embers, Wattles, Wattleseed, and Pigface, the tree and flower have spread widely.
Acanthus Flower

Acanthus

Acanthus flowers are well-known for their stylized leaves, which have been used in architectural decorations for millennia. Acanthus plants have a beautiful classic appearance that is a delightful addition to any home garden.
Achillea Flower

Achillea

Achillea is a legendary herb and a treasured part of any arid landscape due to its popularity with pollinators. This wildflower may have originated in Europe, but today it has spread widely.
Aconite

Aconite

Aconite is a poisonous flower that is not as popular as some others. Aconite is a genus of over 300 species of flowering plants in the Ranunculaceae family.
Yucca (Spanish Bayonet)

Adam’s Needle

Adam's needle is commonly known as needle palm, yucca, and Spanish bayonet, is an evergreen broad-leaved shrub that is practically stemless that originates from sand dunes beaches.
Myrsine Africana

African Boxwood

African Boxwood is a dioecious plant and native to the Himalayas, Africa, the Azores, and China. It is a medium-sized evergreen shrub that is ideal as a privacy hedge.
Agapanthus (African Lily Flower)

Agapanthus

Commonly known as the African lily (or the lily of the Nile in Britain) and the flower of love, the Agapanthus is native to southern Africa. It grows mainly in shady areas where it's protected from the heat of the African sun.
Ageratum (silk flowers)

Ageratum

Ageratum, a long-popular bedding plant, is becoming increasingly popular as a cut flower due to its pom-pom-shaped flower heads and large, dark green foliage.
Allium Flower

Allium

Allium flowers are also valued for their culinary potential and beauty. Planted in an orchard, they give your dishes a pleasant aroma and acidity. Regardless of how you like your allium plants, you will love how easy they are to grow.
Almond Tree Scented Almond Blossom

Almond Blossom

Almond Blossoms are closely linked to peaches and are also known for the oil obtained from the fruits. Almond's benefit didn't start today. Humans have widely used almonds for a time that even dates back to Biblical times.
Turkish Aloe

Aloe Succotrina

Aloe succotrina grows high on the cliffs and ledges of the mountains of the Western Cape and southwestern South Africa. It's an attractive aloe that thrives in Strandveld and Fynbos gardens.
Alstroemeria

Alstroemeria

Alstroemeria resembles a miniature lily and is often referred to as the lily of the Incas or Peruvian lily. Alstroemeria is initially grown in Peru but has also been found in the mountains of Brazil and Chile.
Pink Alyssum Flowers

Alyssum

Alyssum is a constant companion to gardeners worldwide and a cheerful specimen that offers the florist or botanist a wide variety of colors.
Amaranthus hypochondriacus

Amaranthus hypochondriacus

Amaranthus hypochondriacus is a plant that is known to make a striking statement in borders or beds. It grows up to 6 feet tall and carries slightly fuzzy purple-red flower spirals in Summer, followed by seed heads that can be yellow, purple, or red.
Tassel Flowers

Amarnath

The beautiful Amaranth is a common sight along the park boundaries and in home gardens. Also, it works well as a dried flower and as a bouquet specimen, making it a popular choice with florists.
Amaryllis Flower

Amaryllis

The pretty amaryllis flower, often given away at Christmas, is often seen as a sign of festive joy. While this is true, this flower has many other meanings as well. The Amaryllis flower is available in various shades, including purple, orange, white, yellow, and red.
Ambrosia Flowers

Ambrosia

Ambrosia flowers were well-known in both Victorian floral language and ancient Greek myth. Most species of Ambrosia are native to North America, including the most common ones. Ambrosia is an entire genus of related plants, also commonly referred to as ragweeds.
American Ash Tree Flowers

American Ash

Ash trees are spectacular trees with great cultural significance and mystical beliefs in various aspects of human life. Ash is generally known as the "Tree of Life" as it's believed to be the foundation of humanity from the past.
Ammi majus flowers

Ammi majus

Ammi majus may not be an actual "royal", but the royal appeal of this flower is undeniable. Treasured by designers for its airy, lace-like, and delicate charm, Ammi includes a group of perennials that are often misconstrued for their more "royal" cousin (Queen Anne's Lace or Daucus carota).
Red Anemone Flower

Anemone

With around 200 species, Anemone is a flower that belongs to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). The Anemone flower comes in various colors: red, green, yellow, purple, blue, pink, and white.
Baby's Breath (Gypsophilia)

Baby’s Breath

Baby's Breath, also known as Gypsophilia, is a bushy, branching plant with small, delicate flowers on long, thin stems. It's native to Eastern and Central Europe. It belongs to the genus gypsophila and contains around 35 plants.
Blue Bachelor's Button Flower

Bachelor’s Button

Bachelor's button is quite large, reaching up to 35 inches, and can sometimes be seen adorning grassy alleys and medians. These flowers are usually blue, but you'll also see colors like pink, lavender, white, and even black.
Blue Balloon Flower

Balloon Flower

Commonly known as the blue balloon flower, Japanese snowdrop, Chinese snowdrop, Chinese bellflower, and Korean snowdrop, the Balloon Flower is a flowering perennial in the Campanulaceae family, including lobelia and wood hyacinth, and is the only member of the genus Platycodon.
Indian Balsam Flower

Balsam

Balsam flowers were introduced to western Asia in the early 20th century. Balsam flowers continued to be popular during World War II. Even though impatiens are and remain popular, many horticulturists, both professionals, and amateurs are bringing these flowers back.
Actaea spicata baneberry

Baneberry

Baneberry flowers are ideal for cool, shady places; the Baneberry brings a vacation-inspired look to your backyard. Two (2) species of Baneberry are common in North America: Actaea rubra (Red Baneberry) and Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry).
banksia flower

Banksia

Banksia is a genus of about 100 species in the Proteaceae plant family and is native to Australia and South Africa. These popular garden plants and Australian wildflowers are easily recognized by their characteristic fruity "cones" and buds as well as flower spikes.
Barberry Flower

Barberry

If you find a dicotyledonous plant with holly-like evergreen leaves and flower parts in multiples of three, it is possibly one of the Barberry family. Worldwide, there are approximately 570 species and 15 genera in the Barberry family.

Basil

Among the numerous Basil varieties, sweet basil or Ocimum basilicum is the most frequently grown. Whether purple, sweet, citrus-lemon, or spicy Thai Basil, Basil leaves contain essential oils responsible for their unique taste nuances.

Basket-of-Gold

Basket-of-Gold is nicknamed because of its beautiful yellow flowers. It is an evergreen perennial from the Brassicaceae family, native to Europe and Asia. This flowering plant is synonymous with the Alyssum saxatile plant and is among the most resilient flowering plants.

Bee Balm

Bee Balm is the ideal plant for pollinators. It is sometimes grown in medicinal and edible gardens for its ability to attract butterflies and bees. Native to North and South America, the Bee Balm played a vital role in indigenous ceremonies before the arrival of European settlers. Now it's a pretty cosmopolitan plant.

Begonia

Begonia is a beautiful flowering plant that is steeped in exciting and rich history. They are fabulous to any backyard and will gladly grow in hanging baskets, flower beds, pots, and more. The Begonia plant belongs to a genus with about 1,300 species.

Bells of Ireland

Despite their namesake, these majestic bell-shaped greens are native to the Turkey, Syria, and Caucasus regions. They have a scent that many people cannot really describe. The thing about the Bells of Ireland is that they can get so tall.

Bergénia

Bergenia is a flowering plant belonging to a genus of around 10 species. This plant belongs to the family of Saxifragaceae. The flowers can range from dark purple to bright pink. The plants are 12 to 24 inches tall and are grouped into an inflorescence.

Classification of Flowers

According to APG IV (2016) molecular-based flowering plants classification, there are currently two major categories – basal angiosperms and core angiosperms.

Classifications of Flowers

  • Basal Angiosperms

    Basal Angiosperms

    The basal angiosperm is a large group of the most primitive flowering plants in the plant kingdom. These flowering plants have many flattened stamens with broad filaments, diverse tepals, many separate carpels, fragrant oils, and spirally organized leaves.

    The most basal angiosperms are called the ANITA grade, an acronym of three sub-groups: Amborellales, Nymphaeales, Illiciaceaes, Trimeniaceae, and Austrobaileyales. However, some botanists recently abbreviated it further to ANA-grade since Illiciaceaes and Trimeniaceae orders are considered sub-orders of Austrobaileyales.

    • Amborellales

      Amborellales

      The Amborellales order has just one species (Amborella), a shrub or small tree growing up to 8m endemic to New Caledonia. The leaves of Amroerall are evergreen at all seasons without stipules and grow beautiful yellow flowers. Being dioecious, meaning it produces both male and female flowers for a mixed pollination system. Wind and insect pollinators are two main contributors to the reproduction of this species.

    • Nymphaeales

      Nymphaeales

      The Nymphaeales order consists of 3 subfamilies of aquatic plants, namely Nymphaeaceae (water lilies), Hydatellaceae (aquatic grass/sedges), and Cabombaceae (aquatic herbaceous flowering plants). At present, about 85+ flowering plants have been classified under Nymphaeales.

    • Austrobaileyales

      Austrobaileyales

      The Austrobaileyales plant order consists of 100+ woody flowering plants growing as shrubs, small trees, or lianas (woody climbing vines) worldwide. The most famous Austrobaileyales plant is the star anise (Illicium verum).

      There are three subfamilies under this order, namely Austrobaileyaceae (1 species only – Austrobaileya scandens – endemic to rainforests of northeastern Queensland, Australia), Schisandraceae (90+ essential oil-producing shrubs, trees, and lianas), and Trimeniaceae (6+ essential oil-generating lianas).

  • Core Angiosperms

    Core Angiosperms

    The core angiosperms are another group of flowering plants also known as mesangiosperms. About 99% of all types of flowers in the world are classified under mesangiosperms.

    Mesangiospermae includes five clades, namely Ceratophyllales, Chloranthales, Eudicots, Magnoliidae, and Monocots.

    • Chloranthales

      Chloranthales

      Chloranthales has only one family called Chloranthaceae. There are 77+ species in these woody fragrant, herbaceous flowering plants, endemic to Asia, Central & South America, and the West Indies. Being void of petals, the flowers of Chloranthaceae are tiny seated on the axis of the inflorescence. These plants produce drupes and berries with just one carpel. Cigarbush is an excellent example of this plant order.

    • Magnoliids

      Magnoliids

      Magnoliids are another group of core angiosperms characterized by trimerous flowers with branching-veined leaves. About 9000+ flower species are classified in this plant order, including avocado, cinnamon, black pepper, nutmeg, and tulip trees. Magnoliid flowering plants play an essential role in our economy as food, drugs, perfumes, species, timber, and many other applications.

    • Monocots

      Monocots

      It is short for Monocotyledons order. Monocots are grass-like parallel-veined, trimerous, flowering plants whose seeds contain only one embryonic leaf (cotyledon) and pollen with a single pore. There are about 70,000+ flowering species in this plant order. Monocot diversity consists of ornamental flowers, including orchids, tulips, lilies, cereal grains, woody tree-like palm trees, bamboo, reeds, bromeliads, bananas, and ginger. Two-thirds of monocots are zoophilous pollinated by insects.

    • Ceratophyllales

      Ceratophyllales

      Ceratophyllum includes flowering plants commonly found in ponds, marshes, and streams in tropical regions. These aquatic angiosperms typically grow partially submerged in water and mostly float on the surface. These flowering plants have no roots, but sometimes they develop modified leaves with a rootlike structure, which anchor the plant to the bottom. Examples include hornwort species such as spiny hornworts, rigid hornworts, prickly hornworts, soft hornworts, and coontails. At present, there are about 6 extant species of Ceratophyllum in the world.

    • Eudicots

      Eudicots

      These core angiosperms have two seed leaves upon germination, also known as Dicotyledons. The most popular eudicots include sunflower, dandelion, cabbage, apple, maple, macadamia, forget-me-not, petunia, and oaks. Eudicots is the largest flowering order in the world. About 175,000+ flower species of eudicots are currently characterized by 4 or 5 flowers, pollen with three pores, and branching-veined leaves.

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Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago

BioExplorer.net. (2021, October 28). Types of Flowers. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/.

BioExplorer.net. "Types of Flowers" Bio Explorer, 28 October 2021, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/.

BioExplorer.net. "Types of Flowers" Bio Explorer, October 28 2021. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/.

Key References

  • “The earliest angiosperms: evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes – PubMed”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “American Journal of Botany”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “AMBORELLA TRICHOPODA – cultivation of the most ancestral angiosperm in botanic gardens”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “American Journal of Botany”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III | Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society | Oxford Academic”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III | Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society | Oxford Academic”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “Plants of the World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Vascular Plants – Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Michael F. Fay, Mark W. Chase – Google Bøker”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.
  • “Pollen aperture evolution – a crucial factor for eudicot success?: Trends in Plant Science”. Accessed October 09, 2021. Link.


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