Urtica dioica, often referred to as nettle, nettle leaf, stinging nettle, or stinger, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the Urticaceae family.

Nettle Flowers

Native to Europe, much of the temperate regions of Asia and Northwest Africa it is now found worldwide, including North America and New Zealand. There are 5 subspecies of nettle[1], 4 of which have pointed hair. It is a dioeciousWhat is dioecious?Pertaining to plants, individuals of which bear either staminate or pistillate flowers, but not both. plant (pistillate and staminate flowers on different plants) with tiny flowers.

Urtica Dioica

The staminate flower is gray-yellow with 4 sepals. Also, the flowers have 4 yellow stamens and anthers. The inflorescence resembles a catkin, 4 to 8 cm ((1.6 to 3.2 inches) long.

This plant has slender, pointed, somewhat cordate serrated leaves that grow 3 to 15 cm high. Slender catkins of small green florets appear from the leaf axils. Nettle usually grows up to 1 meter but can reach 2 meters depending on soil conditions and location.

Suggested Reading: Common Garden Flowers

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, September 30). Nettle. Bio Explorer. "Nettle" Bio Explorer, 30 September 2023, "Nettle" Bio Explorer, September 30 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)”. Accessed November 27, 2021. Link.


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