Carnations, which bear the scientific name Dianthus caryophyllus, are also known as the January birthday flower. This somewhat enchanting flower has been well-known for centuries and is among the oldest blooms.

Carnation Flowers

The history of this exotic bloom dates back to ancient Greece and Rome, as the flowers were considered a vital part of art decoration. Carnations typically grow as perennial, annual, and biennial varieties.

Dianthus Caryophyllus

Perennial varieties are prevalent and are one of 300 impressive species[1] in the genus Dianthus, which belongs to the Caryophyllaceae family. These perennial flowers are native to Asia and Europe.

January Birthday Flower

Carnations were originally peach and pale pink. Still, the flowers are now available in various hues, including shades of green, purple, white, red, and yellow. The carnation is revered for many reasons, including its disheveled appearance, clove smell, and incredibly long flowering period.

Light Pink Carnation Flowers

Carnations are presented as bisexual flowers and tend to bloom in a simple style or a forked or branched cluster. The stamens of the carnations represent 1 or 2 whorls, which settle on the same number of petals or, often, twice.

Pink Carnation Flowers

When grown in gardens, these species reach a height of about 60 cm, while the blooms can reach a diameter of around 8.5 cm.

Suggested Reading: Blue Wild Flowers

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2024, June 13). Carnation. Bio Explorer. "Carnation" Bio Explorer, 13 June 2024, "Carnation" Bio Explorer, June 13 2024.
Key References
  • [1]“Dianthus caryophyllus Carnation, Clove Pink, Border Carnation PFAF Plant Database”. Accessed October 31, 2021. Link.


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