- Plant Type: Perennial herb.
- Common Names: California Poppy, Golden Poppy, Calfornia Sunlight, Cup of Gold.
- Colors: bright yellow, cultivars include red, orange, and pink.
- Flower Dimensions: The petals are 0.79 to 2.36 inches in length.
- Flowering Seasons/Months: Spring, summer, fall (February to September).
- Deserts with California Poppy: Sonoran, Mojave; Antelope Valley.
California Poppy Characteristics
- California poppy is a perennial or annual herb under Ranunculales. It can grow to a height of 5 to 60 inches.
- The stems of the California poppy plant are erect, each with a single showy flower.
- The leaves are divided into pointed segments. The leaves are fern-like and blue-green.
- The flowers of the California poppy are solitary and silky textured. Each flower has 4 petals that bloom from February to September in the Northern Hemisphere.
- The fruit of the California poppy is a slender capsule with dark-brown or black seeds.
- California poppy is fast-growing, self-seeding, and drought-tolerant.
- Horticultural varieties of these flowering plants include single, double, dwarf, and tall. The California Poppy is an annual plant in the Papaveraceae family with grayish-green pinnate foliage.
Interesting Facts about California Poppy
- The California Poppy (Eschscholtzia californica) became California’s official state flower on March 2, 1903. The bright orange plant’s flowers are an incomparable symbol of the Golden State, perhaps as the “fields of gold” floral representation.
- According to research, Eschscholtzia californica and Valeriana officinales are used for sleep disorders and anxiety management. Furthermore, it is stated that the tested combination of the extracts of 2 species is vital for managing insomnia.
- The botanical name Eschscholzia is named after Friedrich Gustav von Eschscholtz, a German surgeon and naturalist who saw the embellished California Poppy in the hills of the San Francisco Bay while on a Russian expedition.
- Eschscholzia californica is named the “copa de oro“or the “cup of gold” by the early Spanish settlers of California.
- The scientists have isolated two new isoflavones and quercitrin from the whole plants of Eschcholtzia californica.
- The researchers stated that the California poppy has increasing use in pharmaceutical industries. Upon conducting their study, they could also detect and characterize 14 isoquinoline alkaloids of different types.
- The California poppy is native to southwestern, northern Mexico, and the United States. It has now become naturalized in parts of Australia, Asia, and southern Europe.
Suggested Reading: Different Types of Flowers
Cite This Page
BioExplorer.net. (2023, June 01). California Poppy. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/california-poppy/.
BioExplorer.net. "California Poppy" Bio Explorer, 01 June 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/california-poppy/.
BioExplorer.net. "California Poppy" Bio Explorer, June 01 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/california-poppy/.