Wild Narcissus

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Plantae Asparagales Amaryllidaceae Narcissus Narcissus poeticus
  • Plant Type: Perennial bulbous herb.
  • Common Names: Poet’s Daffodil. Poet’s narcissus, Nargis, pheasant’s eye, Findern Flower, Pinkster Lily.
  • Color: White with a red-rimmed yellow corona.
  • Flower Dimensions: 1-3 inches.
  • Flowering Season: Spring

Narcissus Poeticus

Narcissus poeticus is a flowering plant of the order Asparagales. This species is native to Central and Southern Europe.


  • The Wild Narcissus plant can grow from 7.9 to 16.7 inches tall. This species is heat and drought-tolerant.
  • Wild Narcissus plants are erect and clumping.
  • The leaves of the Wild Narcissus are strap-like and basal. They are erect and entire. The measurement of the leaf is less than an inch in width.
  • The flowers of the Wild Narcissus are extremely fragrant. The perianth is tubular at the base. The flowers have 6 segments. The lobes are white, elliptic, and entire.
Where can Wild Narcissus be mostly spotted?
Flower WatchingEurope

Interesting Facts about Wild Narcissus

  • The Wild Narcissus[1] plant is toxic. The most poisonous parts are the bulbs. Some believe that the genus Narcissus is derived from the Greek word “narkao[2] ” which means “to be numb“. This is because the bulbs of daffodils are poisonous to animals.
  • The Wild Narcissus symbolizes rebirth and new beginnings because the daffodils are some of the first spring flowers blooming. The daffodils in the UK are called “Lent Lilies” because the flowers bloom between Ash Wednesday and Easter.
  • The Narcissus flower is linked to Greek mythology. Some believe that the way the daffodils bend their necks to the ground symbolizes the bending of Narcissus to admire his image in the water.
  • A study[3] assembled and annotated the first complete genome sequence of N. poeticus. It has a total length of 160,099 bp.
  • An experimental study[4] showed that the alkaloid extracts from Narcissus poeticus manifest anti-yeast activity. However, it does not show inhibitory capability when tested against specific bacteria.

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, September 28). Wild Narcissus. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/wild-narcissus/.
BioExplorer.net. "Wild Narcissus" Bio Explorer, 28 September 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/wild-narcissus/.
BioExplorer.net. "Wild Narcissus" Bio Explorer, September 28 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/wild-narcissus/.
Key References
  • [1]“Narcissus poeticus (Narcissus Recurvus, Old Pheasant’s Eye, Pheasant’s Eye Daffodil, Poet’s Narcissus) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox”. Accessed April 17, 2023. Link.
  • [2]“Narcissus Flower Meaning Symbolism & Facts | Interflora”. Accessed April 17, 2023. Link.
  • [3]“Full article: The complete chloroplast genome of Narcissus poeticus L. (Amaryllidaceae: Amaryllidoideae)”. Accessed April 17, 2023. Link.
  • [4]“Antifungal and Antibacterial Activity of Extracts and Alkaloids of Selected Amaryllidaceae Species”. Accessed April 17, 2023. Link.


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