Desert Sand Verbena

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Plantae Caryophyllales Nyctaginaceae Abronia Abronia villosa

Desert Sand Verbena

  • Plant Type: Annual herb.
  • Common Names: Desert Sand Verbena, chaparral sand verbana.
  • Color: Lavender-pink, purple
  • Flower Dimensions: 2-3 inches wide.
  • Flowering Season/Months: Early Spring (February to May).
  • Deserts with Desert Sand Verbena: Mojave and Sonoran, deserts of Southwestern US and Northern Mexico.

Desert Sand Verbena Characteristics

Abronia Villosa Plant

Abronia villosa is an annual herb belonging to the Nyctaginaceae family. It grows in creeping masses along the ground. The Desert Sand Verbena is a native species of the southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, growing in the sandy areas of the desert.

Chaparral Sand Verbana

  • The leaves of the Desert Sand Verbena are oval-shaped, fleshy, and about an inch long. The dull-green leaves are covered with short sticky hairs.
  • The stems of the Desert Sand Verbena can trail up to 3 feet.
  • The flowers of the Desert Sand Verbena are in a flower stalk with a length of up to 10 inches. The flowers are trumpet-shaped. The flowers are fragrant with 5 lobes.
  • Abronia villosa cannot grow in the shade. Therefore, this species grows best in dry or moist soil.

Desert Sand Verbena Facts

Desert Sand Verbena Flowers

  • The Abronia villosa plant[1] is medicinally used to induce urine flow.
  • Scientists discovered the silver nanoparticles from the extract of the Abronia villosa. Research[2] showed that it manifests antibacterial and antifungal activities.
  • The rotenoid Abronione[3] is extracted from the Abronia villosa plant. According to research[4], rotenoids are traditionally used as insecticides and pesticides.
  • The Abronia villosa[5] gives off a fragrance of vanilla-like, especially at night. This plant is attractive to butterflies and bees.
  • The compounds boeravinone C and lupeol are isolated from the A. villosa[6] plant and the Abronione. The boeravinone C is also a rotenoid. According to experts, rotenoids are compounds famous for being insecticides and fish poison. Also, there are studies investigating the anticancer property of rotenoids.

Desert Sand Verbena

Suggested Reading: Types of Garden Flowers

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Desert Sand Verbena. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/desert-sand-verbena/.
BioExplorer.net. "Desert Sand Verbena" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/desert-sand-verbena/.
BioExplorer.net. "Desert Sand Verbena" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/desert-sand-verbena/.
Key References
  • [1]“Abronia villosa – Useful Temperate Plants”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles from Abronia villosa as an Alternative to Control of Pathogenic Microorganisms – ProQuest”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Abronione, a rotenoid from the desert annual Abronia villosa – ScienceDirect”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [4]“A Review on Rotenoids: Purification, Characterization and its Bio…: Ingenta Connect”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [5]“Abronia villosa-Desert Sand Verbena”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [6]“Manually Fix”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.

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