Exploring the Top 50+ Most Exquisite Purple Flowers in the World

Purple Flowers

Purple Flowers: Flowers come in a wide variety of colors. For instance, many of these colors bear huge symbolism and meanings. In particular red flowers symbolize love, yellow ones symbolize joy, white blossoms mean purity and purple ones indicate nobility and elegance.Believe it or not, purple is one of the most common flower colors.

About this, it is essential to note that the purple color of flowers and other purple plant organs (like purple leaves and stems) is due to the pigment called anthocyanin.

Aside from purple, anthocyanin also produces red, magenta, and blue colors, depending on its intensity.This page has compiled 50+ of the planet’s most beautiful purple flowers.

So let’s not make the introduction any longer. Welcome to the beautiful world of purple flowers!

Table of Contents

Top Purple Flowers

There are the best types of purple flowers in the plant world:

1. Verbena (Verbena bonariensis)

Verbena

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesVerbenaceaeVerbenaVerbena bonariensis

Also known as the Purpletop Vervain, the Verbena (Verbena bonariensis)[1] is characterized by having a small purple five-petaled flowering plant.

  • Aside from its aesthetic value, Verbena has long been used in folk plant medicine, usually herbal tea. The Verbena has a galactagogue effect (can trigger and promote lactation in women) and even act as a sex steroid.
  • New hybrid species of Verbena can already thrive even in the hottest summer season. However, Verbena is very sensitive to cold weather and can be easily damaged by winter frosts.
  • These small purple flowers are native to South America.
  • Verbena bonariensis is highly valued for its ability to attract butterflies and other pollinators. Its tall, slender stems topped with clusters of small purple flowers make it an ideal plant for adding height to garden borders while supporting local wildlife.
  • While generally robust, Verbena bonariensis can be susceptible to powdery mildew, especially when grown in shaded conditions that reduce air circulation around the plants.

Zone Information:

Verbena bonariensis thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 through 11. It prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade, especially in hotter climates. This plant is well-adapted to a variety of soil types, provided they are well-drained.

Sources

  • I. Choi, Joong-Ho Choi, L. Abasova and H. Shin. “First Report of Powdery Mildew Caused by Podosphaera xanthii on Verbena bonariensis in Korea..” Plant disease (2023). https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-22-2907-PDN

Suggested Reading:

Lantana

Flower Type: Perennials
Lantana camara, also known as common Lantana, is a species of the Verbenaceae (verbena) family indigenous to the American tropics. Each flower is tubular and has four elongated lobes (petals) that change color with age. The colors come in different shades of pink, red, orange, yellow, or white.

2. Delphinium (Delphinium sp.)

Delphinium

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeRanunculalesRanunculaceaeDelphiniumDelphinium sp.

This purple flower is found thriving in relatively cold to moist environments; Delphiniums [2] are perennial plants with spike flowers that can vary from purple, blue, white, and yellow flowers. This type of purple flower, also called the “larkspur” is characterized by having dark green but glossy leaves.

  • The size of a Delphinium plant can range from 2 feet up to 6 feet.
  • The name “Delphinium” comes from the Latin word meaning “dolphin“, which refers to the shape of the nectar-secreting part of its flower.
  • Despite being attractive to look at, all parts of the Delphinium (all species) are highly toxic to humans and other animals.
  • Delphiniums are especially attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds, making them excellent plants for pollinator gardens. Their tall spires of vibrant flowers provide nectar throughout the growing season.
  • Delphinium species exhibit a wide range of ecological adaptability, which allows them to thrive in varied climates and conditions, from moist meadows to dry steppe environments. This adaptability is reflected in their diverse morphological and physiological traits.

Zone Information:

Delphiniums are hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8. They thrive in regions that offer cool, moist summers and relatively mild winters. Delphiniums prefer full sun to light shade and require well-drained soil. They do best with protection from strong winds and heavy rainfalls, which can damage their tall stalks and large blooms.

Sources

  • A. V. Bogoslov, I. V. Shilova, A. Kashin, A. S. Parkhomenko and L. V. Grebenyuk. “Analysis of habitats and bioecological composition of communities with the participation of species of the genus Delphinium in the southeast of European Russia.” Проблемы ботаники Южной Сибири и Монголии (2023). https://doi.org/10.14258/pbssm.2023008.

Suggested Reading:

Delphinium

Flower Type: Perennials
Delphinium is a famous ornamental plant that adds height and a pop of color to commercial and home gardens. Usually, its flowers come in gorgeous shades of blue and purple. Still, other cultivars showcase more yellow, red, white, or pink.

3. Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris)

Pasque flower

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeRanunculalesRanunculaceaePulsatillaPulsatilla vulgaris

Found in the regions with tundra biomes, the Pasque flower[3]grows low in the ground and has fine silky hairs to insulate itself and keep out of the cold environment.

  • Characterized by having dark purple to almost white petals, yellow stamens at the center of the flower, and the rest of the plant being covered in silky hairs, this plant only grows in a southward direction where it faces the slopes.
  • This flower is a member of the plant family Ranunculaceae (from Ranunculus meaning “little frog“), and it is assumed that members of this family thrive in places where frogs can be found.
  • These dark purple flowers are endemic and are seen almost anywhere in the northwest United States and Northern Alaska. It is the state flower of South Dakota.
  • Pulsatilla vulgaris has been used in traditional medicine for its sedative and analgesic properties. The plant contains anemonin, which is effective in treating various ailments such as headaches and nervous disorders.
  • Pasque Flower is considered rare and is protected in several parts of Europe. Its habitats, typically calcareous grasslands, are declining, making conservation efforts critical.
  • Despite its beauty, the Pasque Flower is adapted to attract early-spring pollinators, including bees and butterflies. Its flowers open fully only when the sun shines, maximizing the chances of being visited by pollinators during the brief early spring period.

Zone Information:

Pasque Flower is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 through 8. It prefers a sunny location with well-drained, alkaline soil and can thrive in rocky or sandy soil conditions. It is also suitable for cultivation in rock gardens or alpine houses due to its low-growing habit and preference for cool conditions.

Sources

  • C. Betz, M. Scheuerer and C. Reisch. “Population reinforcement – A glimmer of hope for the conservation of the highly endangered Spring Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vernalis).” Biological Conservation, 168 (2013): 161-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BIOCON.2013.10.004.
  • Basky, Z. (2014). Aphis pulsatillicola Holman, 1966 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Pulsatilla grandis Wender, 1831 is a new record for the Hungarian fauna. Acta Phytopathologica Et Entomologica Hungarica, 49, 67-71. https://doi.org/10.1556/APHYT.49.2014.1.7.

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Pasque flower

Flower Type: Perennials
As a harbinger of spring, the pasque flowers (Pulsatilla vulgaris) begin to appear before the plant's fern-like, feathery foliage has fully developed. The flowers are usually purple, but some cultivars also have red, pink, or white flowers.

4. Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Lilac

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesOleaceaeSyringaSyringa vulgaris

The next purple flower in this list is the Lilac Syringa vulgaris which is often considered the harbinger of spring[4], as the time of its blossoming can signal whether spring will be early or late.

  • The Lilac is a large-sized shrub that can grow up to 6 to 7 meters high. It has light green oval leaves arranged oppositely to the sides of the plant. It also has Lilac to mauve colored (sometimes white) flowers arranged in panicles.
  • Aside from its beautiful flowers, the Lilac is very popular because of the sweet scent produced by its flowers. And because of its “hardy” character, it was chosen to be the state flower of New Hampshire.
  • These large purple flowers are widely distributed in some parts of northern and western Europe and North America.
  • The common lilac is highly prized for its sweet, strong fragrance, which has made it popular in gardens and parks across Europe and North America. Lilacs have a rich history in horticulture, dating back to the Ottoman Empire, and were a favorite in Victorian gardens.
  • Lilacs can live for hundreds of years, but their prime blooming period is when they are between 10 to 70 years old. The blooming period each spring is brief, typically lasting several weeks, when the bushes are covered in aromatic flowers.
  • Lilacs are considered a symbol of love and are often associated with the beginning of spring. They are featured in many festivals, such as the famous Rochester Lilac Festival in New York, which celebrates the blooming of thousands of lilac bushes in Highland Park.

Zone Information:

Lilacs are hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 7. They perform best in areas with distinct seasons and prefer cooler climates. Lilacs need full sun for optimal bloom and require well-drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil. They can be sensitive to high heat, so in warmer zones, they should be planted where they can receive morning sun and afternoon shade.

Sources

  • C. Chapple and B. Ellis. “Syringa vulgaris L. (Common Lilac): In Vitro Culture and the Occurrence and Biosynthesis of Phenylpropanoid Glycosides.” (1991): 478-497. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84071-5_29.
  • Helena Korpelainen and Leena Lindén. “Insights into historic and genetic relationships of diverse common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) genotypes based on whole-genome profiling.” Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization (2023). https://doi.org/10.1017/s1479262123001053.

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Lilac

Known as "Queen of the Shrubs", lilac is one of the most challenging and most fragrant flowering shrubs in many gardens today. You may recognize them as a flower in your grandmother's garden. Its stem flowers are usually available in white, blue, purple, and pink colors, adding height and softness to any garden.

5. Clematis (Clematis sp.)

Clematis

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeRanunculalesRanunculaceaeClematisClematis sp.

Mainly found in the cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere, the Clematis is a versatile plant that can grow almost anywhere: from walls, containers, or even when left through different types of trees and other plants.

  • The members of the genus Clematis are composed of climbing vines[5] that have beautiful purple blossoms and bright evergreen foliage.
  • The Clematis is very known for its various names like Old Man’s Beard (because of its very prominent seedhead), Traveller’s Joy (a name invented by herbalist J. Gerard), and Leather Flower (because of the appearance of its petals).
  • The leaves of Clematis serve as food for some caterpillar species.
  • Clematis species show remarkable adaptability to different environmental conditions. For example, Clematis flammula var. maritima adapts to harsh sand dune conditions, exhibiting unique growth habits and mechanical properties suited to its challenging habitat.
  • Clematis are valued not only for their beautiful flowers but also for their role in vertical landscaping. They can effectively cover walls, trellises, and fences, providing lush greenery and vibrant colors, which enhance the aesthetic value of residential and public spaces.
  • Challenges in Cultivation: Despite their beauty, clematis can be susceptible to several diseases and pests, such as wilt, rust, and powdery mildew. Effective management and careful selection of disease-resistant varieties are crucial for maintaining healthy plants.
Suggested Reading: Explore top 25 Two-toned flowers

Zone Information:

Clematis are hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 through 9. They thrive in full sun to partial shade, requiring well-drained soil. A key to their care is that their “heads” (flowers) like sun while their “feet” (roots) prefer cool, shaded conditions, often achieved by other plants or mulch covering the root area.

Sources

  • S. Isnard, N. Rowe and T. Speck. “Growth habit and mechanical architecture of the sand dune-adapted climber Clematis flammula var. maritima L..” Annals of botany, 91 4 (2003): 407-17 . https://doi.org/10.1093/AOB/MCG044.
  • F. A Davronqulova. “DECORATIVE PROPERTIES OF CLEMATIS SPECIES AND THEIR CULTIVATION.” 2022-yil, 3-son (133/1) ANIQ FANLAR SERIYASI (2022). https://doi.org/10.59251/2181-1296.v3.1332.762.
  • Tatyana Mikhailovna Golomidova, Svetlana Valeryevna Mukhametova, Irina Pavlovna Kurnenkova and L. V. Sukhareva. “Diseases and pests of clematis from the collection of the Botanical Garden-Institute of VSUT (Yoshkar-Ola).” Сельское хозяйство (2023). https://doi.org/10.7256/2453-8809.2023.2.43591.

Suggested Reading:

Clematis

Flower Type: Perennials
Clematis is an easy-care perennial covered in large, vigorous flowers in spring and summer (there are also some autumn blooms). These beautiful flowers are available in various colors, including red, white, pink, blue, purple, and bi-color.

6. Salvia (Salvia sp.)

Salvia

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesLamiaceaeSalviaSalvia sp.

The next purple flower in this list is the Salvia[6], the largest genus in the Family Lamiaceae (Mint/Deadnettle family). Usually, Salvias grow from 30 centimeters up to 3 meters high.

  • Salvias, which are native to North America, are very easy to cultivate as they are very drought-tolerant and bloom all summer long.
  • Purple Salvias are very appealing for hummingbirds; hence, these purple flowers are often referred to as the “Hummingbird Magnet“.
  • Salvia plants are valued not only for their ornamental qualities but also for their culinary and medicinal applications. For example, Salvia officinalis, commonly known as sage, is widely used as a culinary herb and for its essential oils in traditional medicine for its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Many Salvia species are excellent for attracting pollinators like bees and butterflies due to their abundant nectar. This makes them an important part of ecological gardening, contributing to the health of pollinator populations.
  • Salvia species exhibit a remarkable ability to adapt to different environmental conditions, which is reflected in their wide distribution across various climates and habitats. This adaptability makes them particularly valuable for landscaping in challenging conditions where other plants might not thrive.

Zone Information:

Salvia species are generally hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 9, depending on the specific type. They thrive in full sun and well-drained soil. Salvias are adaptable to various environmental conditions, making them suitable for a range of garden settings.

Sources

  • M. Sharifi-Rad, B. Ozcelik, Gokce Altin, Ceren Daşkaya-Dikmen, M. Martorell, K. Ramírez-Alarcón, P. Alarcón-Zapata, M. Morais-Braga, J. N. Carneiro, A. L. Alves Borges Leal, H. Coutinho, R. Gyawali, R. Tahergorabi, S. Ibrahim, Razieh Sahrifi-Rad, F. Sharopov, B. Salehi, María del Mar Contreras, A. Segura‐Carretero, S. Sen, K. Acharya and J. Sharifi‐Rad. “Salvia spp. plants-from farm to food applications and phytopharmacotherapy.” Trends in Food Science & Technology (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TIFS.2018.08.008.

7. Purple Freesia (Freesia sp.)

Purple freesia

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsparagalesIridaceaeFreesiaFreesia sp.

Freesias are herbaceous flowering plants that are members of the plant family Iridaceae. Freesia[7] flowers are funnel-shaped and come in a variety of colors (white, yellow, pink, purple); however, the most popular are the purple ones.

  • The name “freesia” was derived from its discoverer, German botanist Friedrich Freese.
  • Purple Freesias are endemic to Kenya and some regions of South Africa.
  • Freesias are well known for their sweet, fruity fragrance, which is used in many perfumes and scented products. The delightful scent of freesia flowers makes them a favorite choice for both cut flowers and garden planting.
  • Although focusing on purple freesia, it’s notable that Freesia hybrids are available in a variety of colors, including white, yellow, pink, red, and blue. This color diversity is due to selective breeding and hybridization efforts to enhance ornamental value.
  • Freesia extracts have been studied for potential anti-inflammatory properties, providing an interesting link between the ornamental and therapeutic uses of the plant. This highlights the potential for using freesia beyond ornamental purposes.

Zone Information:

Purple Freesias are best grown in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 through 11. They prefer full sun to partial shade and thrive in well-drained soils. Freesias are typically grown from corms, which should be planted in the fall for spring blooms in these zones.

Sources

  • K. Harada and S. Mihara. “The Volatile Constituents of Freesia Flower (Freesia hybrida Hort.).” Agricultural and biological chemistry, 48 (1984): 2843-2845. https://doi.org/10.1271/BBB1961.48.2843.
  • A. V. Ryndin, O. Pashchenko and N. Slepchenko. “Breeding bulbous and bulbotuberiferous flower crops at the Subtropical Scientific Centre of RAS.” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1212 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1212/1/012027.
  • Jiayi Zhu, Xueying Guo, Xin Li and Dongqin Tang. “Composition of Flavonoids in the Petals of Freesia and Prediction of Four Novel Transcription Factors Involving in Freesia Flavonoid Pathway.” Frontiers in Plant Science, 12 (2021). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.756300.

8. Catmint (Nepeta sp.)

Catmint

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesLamiaceaeNepetaNepeta sp.

The Nepeta or Catmint is a perennial flowering plant related to catnips (favored by cats). The most common type are those with bluish-purple flowers that grow during early summer.

  • Catmints usually grow from one foot up to 3-4 feet high, hence are useful in making garden borders and edges.
  • This plant, having silver foliage, is drought-resistant and grows well during hot weather.
  • The oil in catmint contains nepetalactone, which is irresistible to most cats and causes them to exhibit euphoric behaviors. This interaction is a well-documented phenomenon, providing both amusement and behavioral enrichment for domestic cats.
  • Apart from its effects on cats, catmint has been used in traditional medicine for its mild sedative effects on humans, treating ailments from headaches to anxiety and aiding in sleep.
  • Catmint is also beneficial for attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies to the garden. Its long flowering period and abundant nectar make it an excellent choice for biodiversity gardens aiming to support local wildlife.

Zone Information:

Catmint, including popular species like Nepeta cataria, is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained soil. Catmint is drought-tolerant once established, making it a low-maintenance choice for various garden settings.

Sources

  • Carol Smallwood. “Catnip (Nepeta cataria).” English Journal, 97 (2007): 125. https://doi.org/10.2307/30047228.
  • D. Petrova, U. Gašić, L. Yocheva, A. Hinkov, Z. Yordanova, G. Chaneva, D. Mantovska, M. Paunov, Lyubomira Ivanova, M. Rogova, K. Shishkova, D. Todorov, A. Tosheva, V. Kapchina-Toteva, V. Vassileva, A. Atanassov, D. Mišić, G. Bonchev and M. Zhiponova. “Catmint (Nepeta nuda L.) Phylogenetics and Metabolic Responses in Variable Growth Conditions.” Frontiers in Plant Science, 13 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.866777.
  • Abhilasha Srivastava, Soni Gupta, Swati Singh, R. Verma, R. Srivastava, A. Gupta and R. Lal. “Genetic Variability and Elite Line Selection for High Essential Oil and Nepetalactone Content in Catmint (Nepeta cataria L.).” American Journal of Plant Sciences (2021). https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2021.127079.

Suggested Reading:

Catmint

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
As one of the exotic perennials of the flower world, catmint (Nepeta cataria) is very versatile and easy to grow. The dark purple flowers explode in early summer for a spectacular display that can last for quite some time. Since this plant appears in muted colors, typically purple/blue flowers on a cool gray-green, catmint is easy to mix and match with other annuals and perennials without clashing.

9. Dwarf Iris (Iris sibirica ‘Dwarf Varieties’)

Dwarf iris

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsparagalesIridaceaeIrisIris sibica

As its name suggests, the Dwarf Iris[8] is smaller as compared to the typical irises we know. The Dwarf Iris is distinguishable by the crests in its sepals (leaf-like structure below the petals).

  • Relative to common irises that grow from 15 to 38 inches high, Dwarf Irises are just 6 inches tall.
  • This plant’s small purple spring flowers are fragrant and thus appeal to insects and animals. They usually bloom in dry pine forests during the early spring.
  • The name of the Dwarf Iris and other native irises come from the Greek goddess Iris, the goddess of the rainbow.
  • Siberian Iris is known for its robust health and resistance to common iris diseases, such as iris borer and bacterial soft rot, making it a favored choice for gardeners looking for low-maintenance perennial options.
  • Dwarf varieties of Siberian Iris are particularly valued for their compact form and ability to blend into various garden settings, including border fronts, rock gardens, and as ground cover, providing vibrant color and texture.

Zone Information:

Siberian Iris, including its dwarf varieties, is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 9. These irises thrive in full sun to partial shade and prefer moist, well-drained soil. They are particularly adept at tolerating wet conditions compared to other iris types, making them suitable for waterside plantings or in a garden with consistent moisture.

Sources

  • L. Sedel’nikova. “Biologically active substances in flowers and leaves of Siberian irises.” Agrarian Bulletin of the (2023). https://doi.org/10.32417/1997-4868-2023-23-09-97-107.
  • T. N. Shakina, L. V. Kulikova and E. A. Loskutova. “Characteristics of Iris pumila and standard and miniature dwarf bearded irises in the collection of the Education and Research Center “Botanical Garden” of Saratov State University.” Проблемы ботаники южной сибири и монголии (2021). https://doi.org/10.14258/pbssm.2021097.

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Miniature Gladiolus

Flower Type: Perennials
Miniature Gladiolus (Gladiolus nanus) is sometimes referred to as dwarf Gladiolus. It is actually a smaller growing variety than the more popular varieties. Miniature Gladiolus produces fantastic two-tone spikes of pink flowers with a hint of white on its throat.

10. Lavender (Lavandula spica)

Lavender

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesLamiaceaeLavandulaLavandula spica

The next purple flower plant to make it to this list is the Lavender[9] Lavandula spica, which is endemic to many continents of the world, like Europe, Africa (northern and eastern), and Asia (southwest).

  • This plant has purple to light violet flowers in spike inflorescence.
  • These lavender-colored flowers are very popular in herbal medicine as they are commercially packaged as herbal tea and essential oil to induce sleep and relaxation.
  • The name of this plant is derived from the Latin word, “lavare“, which means “to wash“, probably referring to the use of the extracts of the plant.
  • Lavandula spica has been identified as a mycorrhizal-dependent species, which means it relies significantly on symbiotic relationships with fungi to thrive in its natural habitat. This dependency is crucial for its survival and growth in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems, which are often nutrient-poor and degraded.
  • Spike lavender is highly valued for its essential oil, which is rich in camphor and used in the fragrance industry. Unlike other lavender oils, which are prized for their floral notes, spike lavender oil is more pungent and is used for its stimulating and antiseptic properties.
  • Research has shown that Lavandula spica exhibits significant drought tolerance, an adaptation that allows it to survive in arid conditions where other plants might fail. This resilience is partly due to its ability to form robust root systems that enhance water uptake and retention.

Zone Information:

Lavandula spica, commonly known as spike lavender, is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 8. It thrives in full sun and well-drained soil, preferring slightly alkaline conditions. This variety of lavender is particularly well-suited to hot, dry climates and is more tolerant of humid conditions than many other lavender species.

Sources

  • H. Alp and M. Şen. “Investigation of the Components of Lavender Plant Grown in Konya-Turkey Region.” , 3 (2020): 166-170. https://doi.org/10.5336/jtracom.2019-72272.
  • A. Marulanda, R. Porcel, J. Barea and R. Azcón. “Drought Tolerance and Antioxidant Activities in Lavender Plants Colonized by Native Drought-tolerant or Drought-sensitive Glomus Species.” Microbial Ecology, 54 (2007): 543-552. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-007-9237-y.

Suggested Reading:

Lavandula

Flower Type: Perennials
Lavandula angustifolia is undoubtedly amongst the most popular herbaceous plants. With its purple flowers, the fragrant plant adorns many window sills, gardens, and balconies. Lavandula typically blooms between late May and mid-September. There it forms purple flowers, rarely white, which are arranged in pseudo-whorls.

11. Balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)

Balloon flower

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsteralesCampanulaceaePlatycodonPlatycodon grandiflorus

The common name of the next flowering plant in this list makes perfect sense. The Balloon flower[10] Platycodon grandifloras have flower buds that are inflated and can be popped open.

  • These flowers with purple petals, which usually appear in bluish-purple colors (sometimes white and pink), are best suited to the dry climate and can tolerate light shades.
  • Interestingly, this plant has foliage that turns to clear gold during the winter.

Suggested Reading:

Balloon Flower

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as the blue balloon flower, Japanese snowdrop, Chinese snowdrop, Chinese bellflower, and Korean snowdrop, the Balloon Flower is a flowering perennial in the Campanulaceae family, including lobelia and wood hyacinth, and is the only member of the genus Platycodon.

12. Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum)

Lisianthus

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeGentianalesGentianaceaeEustomaEustoma grandiflorum

Endemic to the regions of the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America, the Lisianthus[11] Eustoma grandiflorum (long-stem purple flowers) is a popular ornamental plant that grows 15 to 60 centimeters tall.

  • The Lisianthus is very much known for its bluish-green succulent leaves and light purple bell-shaped flowers that arise from its long stems.
  • These tall purple flowers grow well on grasslands.

Suggested Reading:

Eustoma grandiflorum

Flower Type: Biennials
Often preferred by flower designers when a classy flower is required for an arrangement, Eustoma grandiflorum is the epitome of a versatile and glamorous flower. The tousled petals and elegant buttons are available in various colors. They are available in different colors: pink, purple, blue, and white, as well as two-tone combinations of these shades.

13. Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus africanus)

Lily of the nile

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsparagalesAmaryllidaceaeAgapanthusAgapanthus africanus

As its name suggests, Lily of the Nile[12] is endemic to South Africa. It is also called the Agapanthus or the African Blue Lily.

  • The name of this plant is derived from the two Greek words “agape” and “aanthus” which mean “love” and “flower” respectively.
  • Agapanthus plants have flowers that have purple, blue, and sometimes white petals that look like lilies.

Suggested Reading:

Agapanthus

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as the African lily (or the lily of the Nile in Britain) and the flower of love, the Agapanthus is native to southern Africa. It grows mainly in shady areas where it's protected from the heat of the African sun.

14. Morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea)

Sky blue morning glory

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeSolanalesConvolvulaceaeIpomoeaIpomoea purpurea

As its name suggests, Morning Glory flowers[13] Ipomea purpurea blossom in the early morning and start to wrinkle a few hours after.

  • This plant climbs with thin stems and cordate leaves. Its bell-shaped flowers come in purple, pink, magenta, and white.
  • Because of its flowers, insects as well as hummingbirds are easily attracted.
  • In medicine, the Morning Glory is very much popular because of its seeds that have laxative properties.
Did you know? Morning Glory is one of the September Birth Flowers?

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Ipomoea

Flower Type: Annuals
Ipomoea belongs to a family of flowering plants known as Morning Glory, which are unruly vines. They have blue, purple, lavender, or pink flowers that fade at night and open every morning.

15. Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

Bittersweet nightshade flower

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeSolanalesSolanaceaeSolanumSolanum dulcamara

Coming from the Nightshade family or Solanaceae, the Bittersweet nightshade[14] is a perennial plant distinguished by its herbaceous branches that die every year.

  • Its star-shaped flowers have purple petals and yellow heads.
  • Like any other family members of Solanaceae, this plant contains the toxin solanine. When crushed, its leaves produce a very unpleasant smell and are poisonous to animals.
  • This plant was originally native to Europe but is now widely grown in North America.

Suggested Reading:

Bittersweet

Flower Type: Shrubs
The Bittersweet plant is a staff vine and belongs to the genus Celastrus, which belongs to 30 species of shrubs and vines. These flowers are cultivated in America, Africa, Australia, and the eastern region of Asia.

16. Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis)

Wild indigo

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeFabalesFabaceaeBaptisiaBaptisia australis

Wild indigo[15] comes from the Family Fabaceae, the same plant family where clovers and peas belong. Wild indigos are typically seen along the Pacific coasts of the USA.

  • These types of purple wildflowers, which can reach 1 to 2 meters high, are characterized by their bright purple flowers positioned in spike inflorescence.
  • The plant is used as a dye, resulting in an indigo color, hence the plant’s name.
  • Despite being included in the list of toxic plants, the roots of Wild Indigos are used to produce medicine.

Suggested Reading:

False Indigo

Flower Type: Perennials
False Indigo mainly occurs along river banks, as well as in thickets and rich forests. There are approximately 20 species of Baptisia, all of which are native to midwestern or eastern North America.False Indigo has purple lupine-like blooms in upright clusters (up to 12-inches) on spikes.

17. Monkshood (Aconitum variegatum)

Monkshood

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeRanunculalesRanunculaceaeAconitumAconitum variegatum

The next plant in this list is the Monkshood plant that grows in the mountainous areas in the northern hemisphere. This plant, which has distinct purple flowers, derived its name from the appearance of its sepals which somehow look like monks’ cowls.

  • Its genus name Aconitum[16] comes from the Greek word “akonitos” which means “pointed cone“.
  • Despite being attractive, this plant is extremely poisonous (due to the compound aconite), and ingestion, even in small quantities, ingestion may cause gastrointestinal problems.

Suggested Reading:

Aconite

Aconite is a poisonous flower that is not as popular as some others. Aconite is a genus of over 300 species of flowering plants in the Ranunculaceae family.

18. China Aster (Callistephus chinensis)

China aster

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsteralesAsteraceaeCallistephusCallistephus chinensis

As its name suggests, the China Aster[17] is native to China. This plant stands 12 to 36 inches tall and is straightforward to distinguish because its daisy-like flowers resemble pompoms.

  • The China Aster comes in various colors like purple, blue, white, yellow, red, and pink.

19. Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla)

Hydrangeas

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeCornalesHydrangeaceaeHydrangeaHydrangea macrophylla

Native to southern and eastern Asia and some parts of America, the Hydrangea is an evergreen plant that grows from early spring to late autumn.

  • Interestingly, the color of the Hydrangea flower[18] can indicate the pH of the soil it is planted in. Purple to blue flowers indicate the soil is acidic, whereas pink ones show it is acidic.

Suggested Reading:

Hortensia

Known for its lush foliage and beautiful flowers, Hortensia is the epitome of the summer months. With the common name hydrangea, Hortensia is a genus of more than 75 species of flowering plants native to the Americas and Asia. The flower color ranges from blue to pink, through all shades of lavender, purple to violet, as well as white and green.

20. Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)

Cosmos flower

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsteralesAsteraceaeCosmosCosmos bipinnatus

At present, there are only 3 known species of Cosmos[19]: Cosmos bipinnatus, Cosmos sulphureus, and Cosmos atrosanguineus. Among the three, the first one is the most common.

  • Cosmos bipinnatus is a species characterized by a yellow-eyed head and purple to burgundy red outer petals.
  • These purple flowers with yellow centers can grow from 48 centimeters to 1.2 meters tall.
  • During the 1800s, Cosmos plants were first introduced to Mexico.
Suggested Reading: Speaking of Cosmos, check out October Birth Flowers here.

21. Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya labiata)

Cattleya orchid

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsparagalesOrchidaceaeCattleyaCattleya labiata

Cattleya orchids[20] come in a wide variety of colors, like light purple, pink, and white. These purple and white flowers colored flowers are native to Central and South America and thrive in warm temperatures and slightly bright areas.

  • This plant was named after horticulturist William Cattley, who accidentally discovered the plant en route from Brazil to England.
  • The Cattleya orchid is also called the Corsage orchid because, in the old times, women used it as corsage during special occasions.

Suggested Reading:

Cattleya

Cattleya orchids display a fantastic look that several plant lovers could not resist. Cattleya belongs to a genus of Cattleya spp. in the family Orchidaceae. There are currently 35 natural hybrids and 46 recognized species of the genus Cattleya. These orchids are native to the tropics like South and Central America. The blooms can reach a diameter of 8 inches, with colors ranging from white to blue, yellow, red, purple, and orange.

22. Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens)

Candytuft

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeBrassicalesBrassicaceaeIberisIberis sempervirens

The next flower in this list is the Candytuft[21], a plant endemic to Europe but has already adapted to some regions in the United States.

  • This evergreen plant stands 12 to 18 inches tall and has delicate Lilac, pink, and white flowers that blossom during early spring or summer. After that, it may or may not reblossom during the fall.

Suggested Reading:

Persian Candytuft

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as Persian candytuft or Persian watercress, Aethionema is a genus of around 60 Brassicaceae (mustard) family species. Persian candytuft is magnificent Old-World watercress cultivated for its fragrant pink flowers.

23. Fuchsia (Fuchsia sp.)

Fuchsia

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeMyrtalesOnagraceaeFuchsiaFuchsia sp.

The Fuchsia flower is very distinguishable due to its two-toned teardrop-shaped flowers. Its sepals (leaves) are bright red, whereas its petals are purple. Because of its colorful appearance, insects and hummingbirds are easily attracted.

  • Fuchsia plants are highly sensitive to hot temperatures, so care is very much advised, especially during the summer.
  • The fruits of all species of Fuchsia are edible.

Suggested Reading:

Lady’s-eardrop

Lady's-eardrop (Fuchsia magellanica) is an eye-catching hedge in milder regions where it remains semi-evergreen. Lady's-eardrop is an erect, deciduous shrub with lanceolate leaves. It grows up to 3.6 meters (11 feet) by 2 meters (6 feet) tall at medium speed and produces numerous small, tubular pendulous flowers in shades of pink, red, and often white.

24. Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

Foxglove

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeLamialesPlantaginaceaeDigitalisDigitalis purpurea

Standing 2 to 5 feet tall, the Foxglove plant[22] Digitalis purpurea is easily distinguishable because of its tall purple (sometimes pink, red, yellow, and white) flowers that bear speckled throats.

  • The leaves of this plant contain a compound called the digitalis, which is considered poisonous but is viewed as a potential cure for heart ailments.
  • This plant is endemic to Europe’s western and southwestern parts.

Suggested Reading:

Foxglove

Flower Type: Biennials
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) is a short-lived perennial or biennial Western European plant from the Plantaginaceae family (plantain). Pendent, 2-3" long, funnel-shaped, tubular, purple to dark rose-pink (often white) flowers with white and purple spots inside are tightly bunched along with each spike.

25. Liatris (Liatris spicata)

Liatris spicata

KingdomOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
PlantaeAsteralesAsteraceaeLiatrisLiatris spicata

Last but not least purple flower is the Liatris[23] or the Blazing Star. Known as an insect magnet, the Liatris can attract Monarch and Swallowtail butterflies.

  • Like any other members of the Family Asteraceae, the Liatris grow from bulbs or corms that start to arise during spring and blossom during late summer.
  • While this plant can survive a relatively dry climate, it can also tolerate moderate cold temperatures. Interestingly, its foliage can turn into light gold during winter.

Suggested Reading:

Gayfeather

Flower Type: Perennials
Gayfeather (Liatris spicata), commonly known as the Blazing Star, Marsh Blazing Star, or Dense Blazing Star, is a tall, erect, lumpy perennial native to low-lying wetlands, grasslands, and marsh edges. It has terminal ends (6 to 12" long) of stalkless, round, downy, dark purple buds (up to 3/4" wide each) that appear on stiff, upright, leafy pedicels.

More Purple/Indigo Flowers

Acanthus

Flower Type: Perennials
Acanthus flowers are well-known for their stylized leaves, which have been used in architectural decorations for millennia. Acanthus plants have a beautiful classic appearance that is a delightful addition to any home garden.

Achillea

Flower Type: Perennials
Achillea is a legendary herb and a treasured part of any arid landscape due to its popularity with pollinators. This wildflower may have originated in Europe, but today it has spread widely.

Adder’s Tongue

Flower Type: Perennials
Erythronium americanum is a perennial herb that belongs to the family Liliaceae. This species is a native range of Eastern North America. The common name of Adder's Tongue is given because of the shape of the flowering shoot.

African Flame Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
Gloriosa superba is a climbing herb that belongs to the order Liliales. It can grow to a height of 1 meter. The plant is considered a danger to livestock because it has poisonous properties. All parts of G. superba are toxic, especially the tubers. This may cause fatality when eaten.

Ageratum

Flower Type: Annuals
Ageratum, a long-popular bedding plant, is becoming increasingly popular as a cut flower due to its pom-pom-shaped flower heads and large, dark green foliage.

Alfalfa

Learn about alfalfa (Medicago sativa), its flower characteristics, cultivation practices, environmental benefits, and economic importance in this comprehensive guide.

Amaryllis

Flower Type: Perennials
The pretty amaryllis flower, often given away at Christmas, is often seen as a sign of festive joy. While this is true, this flower has many other meanings as well. The Amaryllis flower is available in various shades, including purple, orange, white, yellow, and red.

Ammi majus

Flower Type: Perennials
Ammi majus may not be an actual "royal", but the royal appeal of this flower is undeniable. Treasured by designers for its airy, lace-like, and delicate charm, Ammi includes a group of perennials that are often misconstrued for their more "royal" cousin (Queen Anne's Lace or Daucus carota).

Amur Adonis

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Adonis ramose is an herbaceous Japanese plant with a height of 15-40 cm. It is a native flower in Japan. They are commonly used for groundcover, understory, or border. Amur Adonis is planted for good luck.

Anemone

Flower Type: Perennials
With around 200 species, Anemone is a flower that belongs to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). The Anemone flower comes in various colors: red, green, yellow, purple, blue, pink, and white. This little flower is native to Japan but can be found in most European countries and the United States.

Angelonia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Angelonia angustifolia is native to the West Indies and Mexico. Angelonia is a semi-tropical plant that is mainly considered an annual plant. The blue-purple flowers (up to 3/4 inch wide each) bloom on narrow terminal spikes (up to 8 inches long) from late spring to early fall. Varieties are available in light pink, blue, white, and two-tone flower colors.

Aromatic Aster

Flower Type: Perennials
Symphyotricum oblongifolium is a perennial plant of the Asteraceae family. The Aromatic Aster can grow to a height of 1-2 feet. Aromatic Asters are low-growing. Their stems are stiff, compact, and compact. When the plant's stems are crushed, it gives off a balsam-like fragrance.

Artemisia

Flower Type: Perennials
Artemisia is a large and diverse genus of aromatic, mostly perennial shrubs and herbs of the Asteraceae (daisy) family, characterized by alternating leaves and small inflorescence. All have alternate leaves, tubular yellow flowers, and small flower heads, which appear as hanging, racemose, paniculate, or capitate inflorescences, rarely individually.

Artichoke thistle

Flower Type: Perennials
Cynara cardunculus, also known as Artichoke thistle or cardoon, is a delicate, erect, columnar, and vigorous perennial with spiny, sharp, serrated, deeply lobed, silvery-gray leaves and thistle-like blooms. Typically, it grows in a tuft up to 3 feet tall, from which flower stalks rise up to 6 feet tall, topped with blue-violet flowers.

Astilbes

Flower Type: Perennials
Discover the vibrant world of Astilbes, perennial flowering plants that thrive in the shade. Learn about their unique characteristics, astilbe varieties, care tips, and how they can add a touch of elegance and color to your garden.

August Lily

Discover the August Lily (Hosta plantaginea): a perennial with fragrant white flowers, medicinal properties, and ecological benefits, perfect for shaded gardens and borders.

Azalea

Flower Type: Perennials
Discover the vibrant world of Azaleas in our comprehensive guide. Learn about different types, ideal planting conditions, care tips, and how to handle common pests and diseases. Perfect your green thumb with our step-by-step guide to planting and propagating these stunning shrubs.

Basil

Flower Type: Perennials
Among the numerous Basil varieties, sweet basil or Ocimum basilicum is the most frequently grown. Whether purple, sweet, citrus-lemon, or spicy Thai Basil, Basil leaves contain essential oils responsible for their unique taste nuances.

Basket-of-Gold

Flower Type: Perennials
Basket-of-Gold is nicknamed because of its beautiful yellow flowers. It is an evergreen perennial from the Brassicaceae family, native to Europe and Asia. This flowering plant is synonymous with the Alyssum saxatile plant and is among the most resilient flowering plants.

Bergénia

Flower Type: Perennials
Bergenia is a flowering plant belonging to a genus of around 10 species. This plant belongs to the family of Saxifragaceae. The flowers can range from dark purple to bright pink. The plants are 12 to 24 inches tall and are grouped into an inflorescence.

Bighead Knapweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Bighead Knapweed flower features a beautiful, showy yellow thread-like bloom, but make no mistake - the Bighead Knapweed is very invasive. It also features a large taproot that becomes more resilient with age. The leaves are lanceolate and 10 to 30 inches long with slightly pointed ends.

Billy Button

Flower Type: Perennials
Billy buttons, a perennial herb native to New Zealand and Australia, have many names, including drumsticks, woolly heads, Billy balls, and Craspedia, all of which refer to the plant's original appearance. The genus belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes around 23 species.

Bindweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) is a perennial herbaceous climber from Eurasia. This plant is found in most regions where it was accidentally introduced as a contaminant in horticultural and agricultural seeds.

Bleeding Heart

Flower Type: Perennials
As a classic cottage garden staple, the bleeding-heart plant (Lamprocapnos spectabilis) has been a favorite in many perennial gardens for a long. The Lamprocapnos genus includes around 8 flowering plants. The slanted, swollen, cordate rose-pink blooms with protruding white central petals start to bloom in spring before the emergence of the leaves.

Blood Root

Flower Type: Perennials
Blood Root (Sanguinaria canadensis), a member of the Papaveraceae (poppy) family, is more tender and beautiful than its general name suggests. The leaf unfolds when flowering. Each pedicel produces single white flower 2-inches wide, 8 to 10 petals, 1.5-inches in diameter, with numerous yellow stamens in the center.

Blood-Red Iris

Flower Type: Perennials
Iris sanguinea is a rhizomatous angiosperm that can grow to a height of 0.5 to 1 meter and a spread of 0.1-0.5 meters. The Iris flower signifies wisdom, hope, trust, and courage. The Iris flower is considered the flower for the 25th wedding anniversary.

Bluebell Flower

Explore the enchanting Bluebell flower (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), its vibrant violet-blue blooms, ecological significance, different types of bluebells and fun facts in this comprehensive guide.

Browallia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Browallia earns its common names sapphire flower and amethyst flower for its bright, star-shaped blue flowers that stand out like jewels against the bright green leaves of the plant. The oval, pale green leaves are up to 3-inches long. It produces bright blue, purple, or white flowers and thrives in shaded or partially shaded locations.

Bryony

Flower Type: Perennials
Bryonia dioica, commonly known as White Bryony and Black Bryony, also ladies' seal or English mandrake, is a perennial climber from Southern and Central Europe. White Bryony (Bryonia dioica) is a climber in the Cucurbitaceae (cucumber) family that develops multiple stems and forms greenish flowers in summer.

Buckbean

Flower Type: Perennials
Buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliate), commonly known as marsh trefoil or bogbean, is an emergent rhizomatous perennial that generally grows in shallow water at the edge of lakes/ponds in swamps. The 5-petaled star-shaped hairy whitish flowers bloom in terminal clusters on stems up to 12 inches tall in May and June.

Bugleweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Ajuga reptans, commonly known as Bugleweed, are perennial, broad-leaved, evergreen to semi-evergreen herbaceous groundcover of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The genus includes around 40 species of plants. Spikes of small bluish-purple flowers appear in mid to late spring, protruding up to 10-inches above the foliage.

Bugloss

The magnificent bugloss (Echium vulgare) is indeed an insect magnet with its imposing size of about 40 inches (one meter). Its blue blossoms attract countless butterflies, beetles, bumblebees, and bees. Also known as Blueweed, Bugloss is a species of plant in the Boraginaceae (borage) family.

Bupleurum

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
A well-known flowering plant native to southern Europe and central Asia, Bupleurum is a short-lived perennial or annual herbaceous plant closely related to dill, fennel, and other umbel-forming plants. Its branching stems can reach 45 to 91 cm and have small yellow florets contained in greenish-yellow bracts.

Canaigre Dock

Flower Type: Perennials
Rumex hymenosepalus is a perennial flowering desert plant belonging to the order Caryophyllales. The inflorescence of the Canaigre Dock is made up of elongated clusters of many small flowers in a reddish pink.

Candytuft

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Candytuft, also known as Iberis, is a genus of around 50 species in the Brassicaceae family native to Europe and Asia. Candytuft has dark green foliages and small but showy flowers. The plant can reach heights between 15 cm and 30 cm.

Cardinal

Flower Type: Perennials
Cardinal flowers grow well as solitary plants in natural landscaping, mixed flower beds, and borders. The genus Lobelia includes 60 different species of flowers, primarily blue bell-shaped flowers in loose clusters or spikes.

Carex

Flower Type: Perennials
Carex is a large genus of over 2,000 species of herbaceous plants in the Cyperaceae family. All Carex species have cool seasons and grow most actively in spring and fall. Carex flowers bloom in yellow, red, brown, and green.

Carnation

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Carnations were originally peach and pale pink in color. Still, the flowers are now available in various hues, including shades of green, purple, white, red, and yellow. The carnation is revered for many reasons, three of which are its disheveled appearance, its clove smell, and its incredibly long flowering period.

Casa Blanca

Flower Type: Perennials
Casa Blanca flowers are predominantly whiteto pinkto purple-red, and some are golden yellow in color. Their medium texture blends in with the garden. Casa Blanca belongs to a genus of approximately 100 species of herbaceous and bulbous perennials native to South America, North America, and Europe.

Caspia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Caspia (Limonium sinuatum) is a perennial or annual herbaceous plant that originates from Central Asia and the Mediterranean meadows. Its flowers have white petals and calyces that come in shades of purple, yellow, pink, white, or lavender, the latter being known to hold their color very well.

Castor Bean

Flower Type: Perennials
Castor flowers are generally available in yellow, pink, and red. The blooms don't have petals and aren't particularly visible. The 3 distinctive, star-shaped scar lobes of the female blooms are bright red with pinnate branches.

Chinese Peony

Flower Type: Perennials
Paeonia lactiflora is a flowering plant that can grow 20-28 inches tall. The Chinese Peony is a perennial herb of the family Paeoniaceae. Peony is named after Paeon, the Greek god of medicine and healing.

Chives

Flower Type: Perennials
Chives are a small perennial plant from the Amaryllidaceae family and are related to the onion. Chives are cultivated as ornamental plants because of their attractive flowers and as a herb because of their flavorful leaves. The genus Allium has over 300 species.

Coltsfoot

Flower Type: Perennials
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) is a perennial herb in the Asteraceae (sunflower) family native to North Africa, Europe, and parts of Asia. Coltsfoot is the only recognized species in the Tussilago genus. The bright yellow flowers appear in early spring before the leaves appear.

Columbine

Flower Type: Perennials
Columbine, also known as Aquilegia and Grandmother's Cape, is a genus of around 60 to 70 species of grassland perennial plants native to temperate climates in North America, Europe, and Asia. Columbine is a common garden flower in many colors, including purple, pink, white, red, and yellow.

Comfrey

Flower Type: Perennials
Symphytum officinale, commonly known as comfrey, boneset, or knitbone, is a large, bulbous, thick, tufted perennial (up to 3' tall and 2.5' wide). The tubular, flower-like snowdrops, white to purple to pink, appear in pendulous clusters from mid-spring to early summer.

Common Peony

Flower Type: Perennials
Paeonia officinalis is a perennial herb native to the mountainous regions of Southern Europe. The Common Peony plants belong to the order Saxifragales and the family Paeoniaceae. The genus Paeonia comes from the Greek name Paeon meaning a god’s physician.

Convallaria

Flower Type: Perennials
Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley) is a fragrant perennial herbaceous plant. The only species of the genus Convallaria from the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family. Convallaria majalis is a perennial rhizome herb that typically forms a ground cover that extends indefinitely up to 8-12 inches high.

Coral bells

Flower Type: Perennials
Coral bells (Heuchera Americana) are the world's perennial coleus. First, these plants came in soft colors with small, insignificant flowers. Now they are available in a wide range of colors, with some varieties explicitly cultivated for their flower masses. The small, greenish-white flowers in airy, open panicles are borne on slender, thread-like stems extending well above the mound of leaves, typically 18-24 inches high in late spring and early summer.

Cosmos

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Cosmos are annual flowering plants with brightly colored, daisy-like blooms that are borne on long, slender stems. Cosmos is a species of flowering in the Asteraceae (sunflower) family native to the meadowland and scrubland of Mexico, where most species are found.

Creeping Lettuce

Flower Type: Perennials
The creeping lettuce is a flowering plant of the Asteraceae family. It is a widespread species in Japan. Being perennial, this plant grows to 0.2 meters by 0.5 meters. Ixeris stolonifera prefers moist soil and grows well in semi-shade or no shade.

Crocus

Flower Type: Perennials
Crocus is a genus of plants in the Iridaceae (Iris) family that includes 90 species of perennial plants. The colors of Crocus vary widely, with white, yellow, mauve, and lilac predominating. The ensiform, grassy leaf usually has a central white band along the leaf axis. It has an entire leaf margin.

Cyclamen

Flower Type: Perennials
The Cyclamen genus includes about 23 species of perennial plants in the Primulaceae family. Cyclamen species are endemic to the Mediterranean region and Europe. The flowers of the species are white, lavender-white, or rose pink. Flowering Cyclamen are frost-sensitive hybrids from C. persicum.

Cyperus

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Cyperus is a large genus of around 700 sedge species distributed across continents in temperate and tropical regions. The greenish flowers are wind-pollinated, generally produced in racemes between the apical leaves.

Daffodil

Flower Type: Perennials
Daffodils herald spring and the awakening of nature with their trumpet-shaped blooms. They are among the few plant species that can successfully grow in snow. Daffodils are typically golden in color. However, there are new varieties of daffodils in pink, green, orange, yellow, and white.

Daisy

Flower Type: Perennials
Daisies exude innocence, joy, and freshness. They are among the most famous flowers in the world, where they embellish cultivated landscapes and wild fields. They are available in many colors, including blue, red, pink, and white. Daisies are perennials that grow to a height of about 6 inches.

Daylily

Flower Type: Perennials
Known for its flowers that bloom in a single day, Daylily (Hemerocallis spp.) has always been a favorite of many flower growers and gardeners worldwide. These attractive reddish-yellow, orange, or yellow flowering plants are often called the perfect perennials for many reasons.

Dead Nettle

Flower Type: Perennials
Dead Nettle is among the most famous wild herbaceous plants and is known for its sweet flowers. Originally, The Dead nettle is a perennial grass of 30-50 cm in height. It is native to Europe, China, Korea, and Japan. The most popular variety of dead Nettle has white flowers, but those with reddish and yellowish flowers.

Dianthus

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, Dianthus, also known as pinks, is prized for its bluish-green, grass-like foliage and lush, star-clear, and often pungent flowers. Dianthus flowers are mainly in shades of white, red, salmon, and pink. The foliage is thin and sparsely distributed on thick stems.

Diascia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Diascia sometimes referred to as Twinspur, is loved for its luscious spring blooms in a range of cute colors, including white, orange, coral, lavender, and pink. A small nestled plant that looks fabulous in front of flower beds and garden edges. During flowering, a racemose apical inflorescence is formed, consisting of salmon, purple, white, orange, pink, or other colored flowers.

Dittany of Crete

Flower Type: Perennials
Dittany of Crete has long been a relatively unknown herbaceous plant. But ever since Joanne K. Rowling's Harry Potter Magical Apprentice mentioned Dittany as a magical herb, the medicinal herb and spice have been in the public spotlight. Dittany of Crete produces purple to pink flowers during the flowering period.

Dock

Flower Type: Perennials
Dock is a perennial herb with a hard, reddish, unbranched stem that reaches 1 to 3 feet in height. The leaves of the Dock plant are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, and 30 centimeters long. The flowers are small, greenish, and 5mm wide and bloom from June to October.

Dogwood

Flower Type: Perennials
Dogwood (Cornus florida) shrubs and trees offer a spectacle of incomparable beauty in all four seasons. The primary attraction is the appearance of showy pink or white flowers that herald spring. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but some varieties produce pink, pale red, or yellow flowers.

Dragon’s Tongue

Flower Type: Perennials
The dragon tongue, also known as Hemigraphis repanda, Ruellia repanda, Waffle plant, and Dragon's breath, belongs to the family Acanthaceae and is native to India and Malaysia. It brings color to every corner and is one of the best options for beginners. The vivid and bright white flowers contrast beautifully with the earthy foliage.

Dutchman’s Breeches

Flower Type: Perennials
Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) is a graceful and easily recognizable wildflower in spring often found on gorges, valleys, ledges, slopes, rock forests, forest floors, and streams throughout most of the United States. It features deeply incised grayish-green fern foliage and clusters of waxy white flowers (rarely pink).

Edelweiss

Flower Type: Perennials
As a plant that symbolizes high mountains, the edelweiss has many admirers. We appreciate its tender beauty and the myths that surround it. The alpine edelweiss is the sole representative of the 40 known species of edelweiss found in the mountains of Asia and Central Europe. The delicate, vivid white flowers of this plant are legendary.

Edulis Tulip

Flower Type: Perennials
Amana edulis (formerly Tulipa edulis) is a bulb-forming perennial with a flower that resembles a tulip. The Amana edulis plant is about 15 cm. It is native to Japan.

Elastic Momordica

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Elastic Momordica is an annual, climbing, or extensive perennial, monoecious herbaceous plant, 2 to 3 meters tall. It can be slightly hairy or hairless. The golden-yellow flowers are erect individually in the axils of the upper leaves on stems 2-10 cm long.

Enchanter’s Nightshade

Flower Type: Perennials
The lovely Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lutetiana) is a plant native to the United Kingdom that appears weak and tender but can be a pesky weed once it establishes itself in the garden. Its small flowers are pinkish-white with 2 strongly serrated petals.

Epimedium

Flower Type: Perennials
A delightful woody addition, the Epimedium plant is part of a constantly growing family of highly-valued perennials. The Epimedium genus belongs to the Berberidaceae family with about 130 known varieties and species. It has large yellow/pale-pink spider-shaped flowers with a long spur (1 3/4" in diameter) appearing in spring bloom.

​​Eupatorium

Flower Type: Perennials
Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial herbaceous shrub that forms clumps of small white blooms in late fall and summer. The Eupatorium genus belongs to the Compositaefamily in the primary group of flowering plants.

Everlasting

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Valued for the beauty of its cheerful blooms, everlasting flower (Xerochrysum bracteatum or Helichrysum bracteatum) is a delicate, short-lived, annual or perennial herb with daisy-like blooms up to 1 to 3 inches wide and covered with a central yellow disc enveloped by shiny petal-shaped bracts in bright yellow, white, pink, red, or orange shades.

False Bird of Paradise

Flower Type: Perennials
The False Bird of Paradise (Heliconia rostrata) is a gorgeous, highly-prized plant with brightly colored bracts and small, hidden flowers. The False Bird of Paradise is so remarkable that once you've seen it, you will never forget it! The colors of the flowers vary in shades of green, yellow, red, pink, and orange.

False Spirea

Flower Type: Perennials
This suckering shrub, native to Korea, Japan, China, and Eastern Siberia, is known as the False Spiraea (Sorbaria sorbifolia) because of the similarity of its white pyramidal flower panicles to those of Spiraea (steeplebush). The flowers are conspicuous racemes of small white flowers in dense cone-shaped panicles 4-10 inches long.

Fennel

Flower Type: Perennials
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a culinary herb that is widely used around the world. During the flowering period, it produces yellow blooms that grow in double umbels. Usually, fennel plants bloom between early July and late September.

Fernleaf Yarrow

Flower Type: Perennials
Fernleaf Yarrow is an especially richly decorated, tiny, bright, long-lived golden flowering plant which is a representative of the yarrow genus (Achillea). This particular species of the genus Achillea is among the tallest and is related to Achillea millefolium (Common Yarrow).

Feverfew

Flower Type: Perennials
With its yellow tubular and white ligulate blooms, Feverfew is evocative of chamomile, which also belongs to the Asteraceae family. Feverfew is native to Western Himalayas, Central Asia, and Southeast Europe. The flowers are racemes of white florets with a yellow central disk, typically up to 0.8 in (2 cm) in diameter.

Field Wood-rush

Flower Type: Perennials
The Field Wood-rush (Luzula campestris) is a common plant in green areas like meadows, grassy areas, and plains. The plant is a common European species and is occasionally found in North America. The brown flowers are produced on thin, brush-shaped central stems that can grow up to 6 inches long.

Fig Marigold

Flower Type: Perennials
The Fig Marigold (Carpobrotus edulis), native to South Africa, is a semi-hardy perennial from the Aizoaceae family, one of 30 species in the Carpobrotus genus. The large, conspicuous yellow flowers (7 to 8.5 cm wide) stand individually at the end of short side branches (i.e., individually and at the end of side branches).

Flamingo

Flower Type: Perennials
The Flamingo Flower (Anthurium andraeanum) is another gift from the tropical forests of Latin America to humanity. Their curious lavender, red, pink, or white heart-shaped flowers have a twisted spadix (inflorescence) from white to yellow in the center.

Flowering Fern

Flower Type: Perennials
The term flowering fern refers to the hardy gloxinia fern (Incarvillea delavayi), which is actually not a fern, but earned the nickname because of its fern-like, deeply divided leaves. In contrast to real ferns, flowering ferns glow with trumpet-shaped, pink flowers from the beginning of spring to late summer.

Flowering Reed

Flower Type: Perennials
Reed (Phragmites australis) is a cosmopolitan herb found on every continent except Antarctica and is considered the most common angiosperm. The inflorescence is a pinnate and drooping panicle 15 to 50 cm long, often yellowish-brown to purple in color.

Forget-Me-Not

Flower Type: Perennials
Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis sylvatica - State Flower of Alaska) is a perennial plant native to the provinces and northwestern states of Canada and the United States. The radially symmetrical blooms are light blue with vibrant yellow centers. They are usually arranged in rounded and divergent racemes along the branch.

Fountain Grass

Flower Type: Perennials
Like many herbs, Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum) looks spectacular when lit by the setting or rising sun. However, fountain grass also sends out beautiful, fluffy bloom plumes in late summer. The red, pink, or white plumes (depending on the variety) continue into autumn and give the plantings a casual and relaxed look.

Four O’clock

Flower Type: Perennials
Four O'clock will delight both your eyes and your nose, with fragrant tubular flowers that come in a variety of patterns and colors. Often, you even get different colored flowers on the same plant. the flowers are tubular, red, pink, or white, up to 6.5 cm long and 3.5 cm wide with 5 to 6 stamens.

Foxtail Fern

Flower Type: Perennials
Foxtail fern is a hardy and easily recognizable perennial herb that grows in many indoor containers and gardens. Foxtail fern has a tall, fuzzy, loop-like appearance. It produces small white flowers followed by vibrant red fruits in summer.

Gaillardia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
The hearty, heat-tolerant hedge flower is an excellent addition to the casual garden with vibrantly patterned, daisy-like blooms in yellow, orange, and red shades. The flowers of the Gaillardia species comprise numerous small central disk flowers enveloped by 15 or more sterile striped flowers (although some do not have striped flowers).

Galax

Flower Type: Perennials
Galax (Galax urceolata), also known as wandflower or beetleweed, is a slow-growing conifer native to the United States. Small pinnate white flowers, arranged in a narrow raceme on a bare stem, rise above the foliage in early summer or late spring.

Gas Plant

Flower Type: Perennials
The gas plant is an old-school classic; the gas plant is an erect, clumping perennial that blooms with small pink or white flowers from late spring to early summer. The flowers (pink or white) and leaves emit a powerful aromatic vapor that can ignite, hence the names of Burning Bush and gas plant.

Gaura

Flower Type: Perennials
Attract butterflies and other pollinators to your garden with Gaura's long stems made of delicate flowers. It is a perennial herb that grows to around 15 to 48 inches in height. The flowers are pink, white, or a mixture of the two colors.

Gazania

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Gazania is an annual and perennial plant known for its extreme tolerance to heat and drought. The flowers of this species are orange with black eyes at the base and orange-brown discs. Hybrid varieties come in various additional hues, including shades of white, bronze, orange, or yellow.

Genista

Flower Type: Perennials
Genista spp., also known as Cape broom, Montpellier broom, or French broom, is a perennial woody shrub. The yellow-flowered shrub is native to the Mediterranean. The small yellow flowers (less than half an inch) resemble peas and are grouped in 4 to 10.

Geranium

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
A classic garden plant indeed, Geraniums have been a favorite of many gardeners for over a century. Although most Geraniums are cultivated as annually, they are perennial plants. Geraniums have symmetrical flowers with petals of the same shape and size. The flowers vary in color from white to pink, through deep reds to purple.

Gerbera

Flower Type: Perennials
The Gerbera flower, native to South Africa, belongs to the Asteraceae family along with the sunflower. They belong to an extensive family since there are currently more than 40 species of Gerbera flowers in the world. The striped flowers of the species are usually available in orange, yellow, and red.

Geum

Flower Type: Perennials
Geum, sometimes referred to as Avens, is certainly not one of the most popular perennials. However, it has been grown in gardens for several years. In spring, upright, filiform, branchy, flowering stems rising above the leaves with 5-leaf tips, brick red to orange-red (up to 1.5" in diameter) flowers with clusters of yellow stamens.

Gilliflower

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Mahon's Gilliflower has a beautiful appearance and an alluring scent that will turn heads. Indeed, this flower is sometimes used in bridal bouquets, decorations, and gifts. Today, this beautiful flower has around 140 species. It comes in various shades, including white, blue, purple, red, and pink.

Ginger

Flower Type: Perennials
Ginger is the popular name for the perennial herb Zingiber officinale, an upright plant in the family Zingiberaceae that is widespread for its edible underground horizontal stem (rhizome). The flowers have dense conical spikes about an inch thick and two to three inches long and consist of overlapping green bracts with yellow edges.

Globe Thistle

Flower Type: Perennials
Globe Thistle is among the prickly jokes of life. They thrive nearly everywhere and carry a dreadful sting when they come in contact with the skin. However, they are excitingly shaped and available in deep purples and blues that are beautiful additions to the garden.

Globeflower

Flower Type: Perennials
Globeflowers (Trollius europaeus) look awesome next to streams, ponds, and lakes like ranunculus on steroids. These flowers are easy to grow and produce numerous blooms in early summer and late spring. It exhibits yellow spherical flowers from late spring to early summer on sparse-stemmed leaves that grow up to 18-24" in height.

Glory-of-the-Snow

Chionodoxa forbesii is commonly referred to as the Glory-of-the-Snow because it flowers early enough that its flowers often protrude directly from the snow. The small, upturned flowers are pale blue with a whitish center, making them nearly translucent or glassy.

Goat’s Beard

Flower Type: Perennials
Goat's Beard (Aruncus dioicus), also called bride's feathers, is a perennial plant in the Rosaceae family. The pinnate clusters of filmy cream-colored thread-like flowers grow on long, branching spikes above the foliage and bloom from late May to mid-July.

Goat’s rue

Flower Type: Perennials
Galega officinalis, also known as Goat's rue or galega, professor weed, Italian fitch, or French lilac, is an herbaceous plant of the Fabaceae (legume) family. The white to pinkish- lilac flowers give way to pods containing 2 to 6 kidney-shaped seeds.

Hardy Geranium

Flower Type: Perennials
Perennial Geraniums make beautiful garden plants as they come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. There are more than 300 varieties and species of perennial Geranium, so you can easily find one that's ideal for you. The flowers come in various colors, including white, blue, purple, and pink, and have 5 petals that are sometimes beautifully patterned or veined in contrasting colors.

Helenium

Flower Type: Perennials
Give your landscape a glorious late-season color with Helenium, a light-demanding perennial that offers long-lasting blooms from mid to late summer to fall every year. It features daisy-like flower clusters (2-inches in diameter) with distinctive pale yellow wedge-shaped rays and dome-shaped, dull yellow central discs.

Heliotrope

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Also known as Monkey Tail and cherry pie plant, Heliotrope has been a well-known flower in the cottage garden since Victorian times. Heliotrope blooms in fall or summer. The buds turn a deep purple color and then become lighter as they age.

Hellebore

Flower Type: Perennials
Hellebore is so pretty and straightforward that it has a place in almost any landscape. Its exquisite cup- or saucer-shaped blooms in white (sometimes speckled), maroon, yellow, or pink remain on the plant for many months, even after the petals have dropped.

Hepatica

Flower Type: Perennials
Hepatica is a genus of the Ranunculaceae family indigenous to regions in the Northern Hemisphere. This genus comprises around 7 species of herbaceous plants. This spring-flowering perennial is also known as liverwort or liverleaf. The ½-1-inch-wide flowers have numerous elongated blue, purple, lavender, pink, or white sepals (no petals) surrounding many central stamens with yellowish anther tips.

Hibiscus

Flower Type: Perennials
Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), also called rose mallow, is a perennial plant that belongs to the Malvaceae family. The Hibiscus produces flowers that vary in white, pink, and red shades at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn.

Hollowroot

Flower Type: Perennials
The hollowroot plant enchants with delicate carpets of leaves, on which fragrant blooms in white and deep purple-pink open. The plant belongs to the Fumarioideae (fumitory) family. Hollowroot opens its slightly fragrant white to purple or dark pink blooms from March to April.

Honesty

Flower Type: Biennials
Honesty is a large, hairy biennial plant native to western Asia and southeastern Europe. Honesty's purple flower clusters make their spring debut and add color as soon as the spring bulbs fade. Honesty is a biennial herb in the Brassicaceae (mustard) family.

Hypericum Berry

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Hypericum Berries are very variable and occur as shrubs, trees, perennials, and annuals. Hypericum is a genus of plants in the Hypericaceae family. Hypericum berries are available in various colors, including red, pink, green, and white. It has bright yellow five-petalled flowers with prominent stamens that bloom in midsummer.

Iberis amara

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Iberis amara is sometimes a wild ornamental annual plant that belongs to the Brassicaceae (mustard) family. Iberis amara is an annual flowering plant that can reach 40cm tall. Its flowers are 6-8mm in diameter and are white or pale purple.

Ice plant

Flower Type: Perennials
Perfect for rock gardens or sunny slopes, the ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) quickly forms a low mat of lush foliage that adds interest and texture even when these succulent perennials aren't blooming. The ice plant grows 6 to 8 inches tall and produces bright purple, pink, or yellow flowers all summer.

Impatiens

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
As a classic annual shade garden, Impatiens have been a popular choice for a long due to their flowering power and a great variety of colors. It has been extensively crossed to produce many varieties that have flowers in a variety of shades, including white, orange, purple, lilac, red, rose, pink, and two-tone varieties.

Indian cane

Flower Type: Perennials
Indian cane (Saccharum officinarum) is a fast-growing species in the Poaceae (grass) of the genus Saccharum. It is better suited to dry conditions and poor soils. It is leafier, with thin, relatively complex red canes.

Indian cress

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus), also known as monks cress, nasturtium, or garden nasturtium, is a flowering plant species from the Tropaeolaceae family native to the Andes from Bolivia to Colombia. The short-lived perennial or easy-growing annual with disc-shaped foliage and bright orange or red flowers are cultivated, possibly origin hybrid.

Iris

The beautiful and tall iris, named after the Greek goddess who rode the rainbow, is available in several magical colors. Notwithstanding its divine origins, this late bloomer is reliable, hardy, and easy to grow. Iris flowers are brown, blue, purple, pink, orange, yellow, lavender, and white.

Ivy

Flower Type: Perennials
Hedera helix, commonly known as English ivy, is an aggressive, vigorous, fast-growing enduring perennial primarily cultivated as a trailing ground cover or climbing plant. On the contrary, they form round - greenish umbrella-like clumps - white flowers in early autumn.

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Flower Type: Perennials
Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) is a charming wildflower native to midwestern and eastern North America but easily grown in shady gardens elsewhere. The flower comes in purple, greenish-white, and green shades. Its bloom forms a club-shaped cluster of scarlet or red berries in autumn.

Japanese Canopy

Flower Type: Perennials
Paris japonica is a slow-growing perennial plant native to Japan with a height of 6-12 inches. Japanese Canopy plants have white and showy flowers in a pedicel. The flowers are star-shaped with 10 tepals.

Japanese Chrysanthemum

Flower Type: Perennials
Chrysanthemum indicum is a perennial Japanese herb that can grow to 1-3 feet at maturity. Indian Chrysanthemum has over 10,000 varieties. The flowers are single and intensely fragrant. Chrysanthemum indicum is approved by NASA as a houseplant that can reduce air pollution.

Japanese Honeysuckle

Flower Type: Perennials
Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) is sinuous and fragrant forest anesthesia. Flowering occurs from late spring to early summer, when conspicuous, tubular, fragrant, whitish-pink blooms develop in the leaf axils. As they age, the flowers turn creamy yellow.

Japanese Iris

Flower Type: Perennials
Iris japonica is a rhizomatous plant with a height of 0.75 to 1 foot and a spread of 1 to 1.5 feet that can grow in forest margins and wet grasslands. The Japanese Iris is named after the Greek goddess "Iris" because of its beauty. The name Iris also means rainbow.

Jupiter’s Beard

Flower Type: Perennials
Jupiter's Beard (Centranthus ruber) is well-known for its nearly uninterrupted flowering ability and extreme drought tolerance. This beautiful flower are loved for its ability to produce a showy white, pink, or crimson flowers tree, sometimes on barren soils from spring to frost.

Kaffir Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
The Kaffir Lily (Clivia miniata) really knows how to put on a show - the display of its vivid buds is a spectacular precursor of spring. The conspicuous funnel-shaped blooms are produced in an umbellate-shaped flower head, colored yellow, red, or orange.