Canaigre Dock

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Plantae Caryophyllales Polygonaceae Rumex Rumex hymenosepalus

  • Plant Type: Perennial herb.
  • Common names: Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Ganagra, Wild Rhubarb, Arizona Dock, Tanner’s Dock, Canyon Rockweed.
  • Color: Small greenish flowers that change to red at maturity.
  • Flower Dimensions: About half an inch long.
  • Flowering Seasons/ Months: Spring (May to July).
  • Deserts with Canaigre Dock: North American Deserts.

Arizona Dock Flowers

Canaigre Dock Flower Characteristics

Rumex hymenosepalus is a perennial flowering plant belonging to the order Caryophyllales.

Wild Rhubarb Flowers

  • The stems of the Canaigre Dock are usually erect and branched above the middle. It measures 25-90 cm in length. The stems are reddish.
  • Canaigre Dock plants have leaves that are elliptic, thick, and whitish or silvery-white. They are membranous, obovate-lanceolate. Their margins are entire. The leaves measure 5-30 by 1-12 cm.
  • The inflorescence of the Canaigre Dock is made up of elongated clusters of many small flowers in a reddish pink. The flowers have 0 petals and 6 petaloid or sepaloid sepals.
  • The Canaigre Dock plants are hermaphroditesWhat is hermaphrodites?Having both male and female reproductive organs. and are wind-pollinated.

Canaigre Dock Facts

Canaigre Dock

  • The roots of the Canaigre Dock plants are used topically for their astringency[1] capacity. It is also applied to lessen skin irritation and redness caused by burns, rashes, and scrapes.
  • The genus name “Rumex ” means docks and sorrel plants. The species name “hymenosepalus[2] means membranous sepals.
  • The dried roots of the Rumex hymenosepalus contain 35-60 percent tannin[3]. The cultivated roots have less tannin than the wild roots.
  • Scientists were able to synthesize silver nanoparticles using the extract of Rumex hymenosepalus. The research conducted[4] showed these showed inhibitory effects over broad-spectrum microbicidal agents.
  • The anti-tumor compounds, leucodelphinidin and leucopelargonidin have been reported isolated from the Rumex hymenosepalus[5] . .

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Canaigre Dock. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/canaigre-dock/.
BioExplorer.net. "Canaigre Dock" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/canaigre-dock/.
BioExplorer.net. "Canaigre Dock" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/canaigre-dock/.
Key References
  • [1]“Rumex hymenosepalus | Wild rhubarb | Edible and Medicinal Uses | Charles W. Kane | Applied Medical Botany”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Canaigre (Dock; Wild Rhubarb; Sorrel) – Arches National Park (U.S. National Park Service)”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Rumex hymenosepalus Canaigre, Canaigre dock PFAF Plant Database”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [4]“Silver nanoparticles synthesized with Rumex hymenosepalus extracts: effective broad-spectrum microbicidal agents and cytotoxicity study – PubMed”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [5]“Evaluation of Rumex hastatus D. Don for cytotoxic potential against HeLa and NIH/3T3 cell lines: chemical characterization of chloroform fraction and identification of bioactive compounds – PMC”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.

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