Euphorbia, commonly known as the crown of thorns, is a succulent, woody shrub with light green fleshy leaves, discrete flowers in racemes that are pointed by striking bracts in the shape of yellow or red petals and thick black spines (up to 1/2-inch long) that cover its water-retaining stems and branches.

Euphorbia Flowers

Euphorbia is a genus of over 1, 600 species[1] in the Euphorbiaceae family. The common name refers to the notion that the crown of thorns worn at the crucifixion by Jesus Christ was crafted from this plant’s stem.

Euphorbia Flower Cluster

However, historical attestation indicates that this native of Madagascar may have been brought into the Middle East before the birth of Christ.

Euphorbia Flowers

This houseplant grows up to 2 feet tall at best. The pale green, obovate leaves (up to 2 1/2 inches long) sports wedge-shaped bases. The discrete greenish flowers of this plant have no sepals or petals.

Green Euphorbia Flowers

Still, they are characterized by being long-lasting, variegated, petal-shaped, yellow, or bright red bracts that are remarkably showy. The flowers bloom all year round in the tropics and subtropics, but mainly in spring and summer.

Suggested Reading: Various Types of Flowers

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, March 28). Euphorbia. Bio Explorer. "Euphorbia" Bio Explorer, 28 March 2023, "Euphorbia" Bio Explorer, March 28 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Euphorbia milii – Plant Finder”. Accessed November 03, 2021. Link.


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