White Saxaul

  • Plant Type: Evergreen bush or Tree.
  • Common Names: Salt Tree, White Saxual.
  • Color: Yellow
  • Flower Dimensions: 0.47 inches.
  • Flowering Seasons/Months: Summer (Early August to late September).
  • Desert with White Saxual: Rub’ al-Khali.

White Saxaul Flower Characteristics

White Saxaul

White Saxual is a tap-rooted shrub or small tree that belongs to the Pigweed family. The stem of the White Saxaul is stout and rugged. It has a height of 4.5-5 meters.

Haloxylon Persicum

White Saxaul Facts

Salt Tree

  • The White Saxaul is called “Ghada” and was often mentioned in classical Arabic poetry.
  • The branches of the White Saxaul tree have an auto-watering mechanism[1]. It functions for the collection of droplets or moisture from the atmosphere for its survival.
  • Haloxylon persicum[2] is an essential species in the desert because it stabilizes sand dunes, conserves soil and water, and reduces the desertification rate. In addition, a study[3] stated that H. persicum has biotechnical properties that quantify its role in increasing the soil cohesion of Iran’s arid lands.
  • The White Saxual[4] is an essential species for the nomadic peoples of the Central Asian deserts because drinkable water can be extracted from the spongy, saturated bark of the Tree.
  • The Haloxylon persicum’s wood can produce a green dye. This is used by Turkmenistan’s traditional weaver to color their wool yarn and make their attractive carpets.

Suggested Reading: Most Common Flowers

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2024, April 12). White Saxaul. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/white-saxaul/.
BioExplorer.net. "White Saxaul" Bio Explorer, 12 April 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/white-saxaul/.
BioExplorer.net. "White Saxaul" Bio Explorer, April 12 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/white-saxaul/.
Key References
  • [1]“White Saxaul | Connect With Nature”. Accessed September 13, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Ecological and Botanical Diversity in Haloxylon Persicum Community at Al-Qassim Region in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”. Accessed September 13, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Soil fixation and erosion control by Haloxylon persicum roots in arid lands, Iran | SpringerLink”. Accessed September 13, 2022. Link.
  • [4]“Saxaul (Haloxylon ammodendron), black saxaul (Haloxylon aphyllum), white saxaul (Haloxylon persicum), description, habitat and life cycle – DesertUSA”. Accessed September 13, 2022. Link.


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