Columbine, also known as Aquilegia and Grandmother’s Cape, is a genus of around 60 to 70 species of grassland perennial plants native to temperate climates in North America, Europe, and Asia.
These are perennial flowers found in grasslands and forests. Columbine is a common garden flower in many colors, including purple, pink, white, red, and yellow.
Columbines are notable for their 5-petalled blooms with long spurs extending backward like pocket-shaped appendages of the petals containing nectar.
The leaflets of compound leaves are typically notched and rounded. The eye-catching dark green leaves are delicate and light.
Columbine bloom from late spring to early summer. Aquilegia vulgaris, European Columbine, grows 45 to 75 cm high along woodland edges and roadsides.