Columbine, also known as Aquilegia and Grandmother’s Cape, is a genus of around 60 to 70 species[1] of grassland perennial plants native to temperate climates in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Columbine Flowers

These are perennial flowers found in grasslands and forests. Columbine is a common garden flower in many colors, including purple, pink, white, red, and yellow.

Aquilegia Flower

Columbines are notable for their 5-petalled blooms with long spurs extending backward like pocket-shaped appendages of the petals containing nectar.

Blue Columbine Flowers

The leaflets of compound leaves are typically notched and rounded. The eye-catching dark green leaves are delicate and light.

Columbine Flowers

Columbine bloom from late spring to early summer. Aquilegia vulgaris, European Columbine, grows 45 to 75 cm high along woodland edges and roadsides.

Grandmother's Cape Flowers

Suggested Reading: Photos of Flowers with Names

Purple Columbine Flowers

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, March 31). Columbine. Bio Explorer. "Columbine" Bio Explorer, 31 March 2023, "Columbine" Bio Explorer, March 31 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“30 Columbine Varieties and How to Care for Them – Gardening”. Accessed November 27, 2021. Link.


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