Toad Lily

PlantaeLilialesLiliaceaeTricyrtisTricyrtis affinis
  • Plant Type: Perennial herb.
  • Common Name: Toad Lily, Sansyoku.
  • Color: White dotted with purple spots.
  • Flower Dimensions: 1.18 to 1.97 inches in diameter.
  • Flowering Season: Summer and Autumn (August to October).
  • Places in Japan with Toad Lily: mountains and fields from Hokkaido, Shikoku, and Kyushu.

Toad Lily

Tricyrtis affinis is a perennial Japanese plant of the Liliaceae. This species is endemic to Japan and can grow to a height of 30 to 60 cm.

Toad Lily Flowering Plants

  • The leaves of the Toad Lily are elongated and measure 8-18 cm in height. The leaf margins are wavy. The leaves are alternate and sometimes 2-ranked.
  • The stems of Tricyrtis affinis are erect and arching.
  • The flowers of Tricyrtis affinis are white with purple spots. The flowers have six free tepals in two whorls. They are star-shaped or bell-shaped, solitary or in axillary or terminal clusters.

Toad Lily Flowers

Interesting Facts about Toad Lily

Tricyrtis Affinis

  • Tricyrtis is a symbol of fertility.
  • Tricyrtis are called toad Lilies because the flowers and the leaves are spotted like a toad. In addition, the flowers have warty bumps at the flower’s base that appear like a toad. These bumps are the nectaries of the flower.
  • The Japanese also called the toad lilies “hototogiso[1], which means “little cuckoo“. This implies an attractive bird dwelling in the forest.
  • The lily flower is often given at memorial services because the Lily flowers are associated with grief. However, the deeper meaning of the lilies is transformation and rebirth[2].
  • Lilies are often given gifts during the 3oth wedding anniversary because the lilies also symbolize devotion.

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2024, June 13). Toad Lily. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/toad-lily/.
BioExplorer.net. "Toad Lily" Bio Explorer, 13 June 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/toad-lily/.
BioExplorer.net. "Toad Lily" Bio Explorer, June 13 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/toad-lily/.
Key References
  • [1]“A Guide to Tricyrtis lasiocarpa, Toad Lilies”. Accessed June 06, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Lily Flower Meaning & Symbolism + Planting Lilies & Care | UniGuide”. Accessed June 06, 2022. Link.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here