Vaccinium vitis-idaea, also known as cowberry, mountain cranberry, partridgeberry, lingonberry, is an evergreen shrub from the Ericaceae (heath) family.


It is endemic to arctic tundra and boreal forests across the northern hemisphere, from Asia and Europe to North America. Cowberries are harvested wild and used in various Alaska, Canada, Russia, and the Northern Baltic dishes.

Mountain Cranberry Flowers

The genus includes around 450 species[1] of flowering plants.

Partridgeberry Flowers

Cowberry spreads through underground stems to form dense clonal colonies. The brittle and slender roots grow from the underground stems.

Vaccinium Vitis Idaea

The stems have a rounded cross-section and reach 10 to 40 cm in height. The leaves are oval and grow alternately, 5 to 30 mm long, with a slightly wavy edge and a notched tip.

The bell-shaped flowers are pale-pink to white, 3 to 8 mm long. The flowers typically bloom in early summer.

Suggested Reading: Other Flower Types

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2024, February 21). Cowberry. Bio Explorer. "Cowberry" Bio Explorer, 21 February 2024, "Cowberry" Bio Explorer, February 21 2024.
Key References
  • [1]“Cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) Species Profile” – Accessed December 04, 2021. Link.


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