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Perennial Flowers


Perennial Flowers

Perennial flowers are a gardener’s delight, returning year after year with their vibrant blooms and resilient nature. These hardy plants are a fantastic choice for those seeking to create a low-maintenance yet stunning outdoor space. With their ability to thrive in various climatic conditions, perennial flowers offer a beautiful array of colors, textures, and fragrances to enliven any garden.

What are Perennial Flowers?

What are Perennial Flowers?

Perennial flowers are plants that live for more than two years, unlike annuals that complete their life cycle in a single growing season. These remarkable flowering plants go dormant during the colder months and re-emerge in spring, gracing your garden with their beauty year after year. Perennials are a wise investment for gardeners, as they require less frequent replanting, saving time and effort.

Characteristics of Perennials

  • Long-lived and self-perpetuating
  • Diverse range of colors, shapes, and sizes
  • Varying bloom times, allowing for a continuous floral display
  • Low maintenance and drought-tolerant varieties available
  • Attractive to pollinators like butterflies and bees
  • Suitable for various garden styles and landscape designs

Types of Perennial Flowers

Here is the collection of colorful perennial flowers.

Acanthus

Flower Type: Perennials
Acanthus flowers are well-known for their stylized leaves, which have been used in architectural decorations for millennia. Acanthus plants have a beautiful classic appearance that is a delightful addition to any home garden.

Achillea

Flower Type: Perennials
Achillea is a legendary herb and a treasured part of any arid landscape due to its popularity with pollinators. This wildflower may have originated in Europe, but today it has spread widely.

Adder’s Tongue

Flower Type: Perennials
Erythronium americanum is a perennial herb that belongs to the family Liliaceae. This species is a native range of Eastern North America. The common name of Adder's Tongue is given because of the shape of the flowering shoot.

African Flame Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
Gloriosa superba is a climbing herb that belongs to the order Liliales. It can grow to a height of 1 meter. The plant is considered a danger to livestock because it has poisonous properties. All parts of G. superba are toxic, especially the tubers. This may cause fatality when eaten.

Agapanthus

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as the African lily (or the lily of the Nile in Britain) and the flower of love, the Agapanthus is native to southern Africa. It grows mainly in shady areas where it's protected from the heat of the African sun.

Alfalfa

Learn about alfalfa (Medicago sativa), its flower characteristics, cultivation practices, environmental benefits, and economic importance in this comprehensive guide.

Amaryllis

Flower Type: Perennials
The pretty amaryllis flower, often given away at Christmas, is often seen as a sign of festive joy. While this is true, this flower has many other meanings as well. The Amaryllis flower is available in various shades, including purple, orange, white, yellow, and red.

Ammi majus

Flower Type: Perennials
Ammi majus may not be an actual "royal", but the royal appeal of this flower is undeniable. Treasured by designers for its airy, lace-like, and delicate charm, Ammi includes a group of perennials that are often misconstrued for their more "royal" cousin (Queen Anne's Lace or Daucus carota).

Amur Adonis

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Adonis ramose is an herbaceous Japanese plant with a height of 15-40 cm. It is a native flower in Japan. They are commonly used for groundcover, understory, or border. Amur Adonis is planted for good luck.

Anemone

Flower Type: Perennials
With around 200 species, Anemone is a flower that belongs to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). The Anemone flower comes in various colors: red, green, yellow, purple, blue, pink, and white. This little flower is native to Japan but can be found in most European countries and the United States.

Angelonia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Angelonia angustifolia is native to the West Indies and Mexico. Angelonia is a semi-tropical plant that is mainly considered an annual plant. The blue-purple flowers (up to 3/4 inch wide each) bloom on narrow terminal spikes (up to 8 inches long) from late spring to early fall. Varieties are available in light pink, blue, white, and two-tone flower colors.

Aromatic Aster

Flower Type: Perennials
Symphyotricum oblongifolium is a perennial plant of the Asteraceae family. The Aromatic Aster can grow to a height of 1-2 feet. Aromatic Asters are low-growing. Their stems are stiff, compact, and compact. When the plant's stems are crushed, it gives off a balsam-like fragrance.

Artemisia

Flower Type: Perennials
Artemisia is a large and diverse genus of aromatic, mostly perennial shrubs and herbs of the Asteraceae (daisy) family, characterized by alternating leaves and small inflorescence. All have alternate leaves, tubular yellow flowers, and small flower heads, which appear as hanging, racemose, paniculate, or capitate inflorescences, rarely individually.

Artichoke thistle

Flower Type: Perennials
Cynara cardunculus, also known as Artichoke thistle or cardoon, is a delicate, erect, columnar, and vigorous perennial with spiny, sharp, serrated, deeply lobed, silvery-gray leaves and thistle-like blooms. Typically, it grows in a tuft up to 3 feet tall, from which flower stalks rise up to 6 feet tall, topped with blue-violet flowers.

Astilbes

Flower Type: Perennials
Discover the vibrant world of Astilbes, perennial flowering plants that thrive in the shade. Learn about their unique characteristics, astilbe varieties, care tips, and how they can add a touch of elegance and color to your garden.

August Lily

Discover the August Lily (Hosta plantaginea): a perennial with fragrant white flowers, medicinal properties, and ecological benefits, perfect for shaded gardens and borders.

Azalea

Flower Type: Perennials
Discover the vibrant world of Azaleas in our comprehensive guide. Learn about different types, ideal planting conditions, care tips, and how to handle common pests and diseases. Perfect your green thumb with our step-by-step guide to planting and propagating these stunning shrubs.

Balloon Flower

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as the blue balloon flower, Japanese snowdrop, Chinese snowdrop, Chinese bellflower, and Korean snowdrop, the Balloon Flower is a flowering perennial in the Campanulaceae family, including lobelia and wood hyacinth, and is the only member of the genus Platycodon.

Basil

Flower Type: Perennials
Among the numerous Basil varieties, sweet basil or Ocimum basilicum is the most frequently grown. Whether purple, sweet, citrus-lemon, or spicy Thai Basil, Basil leaves contain essential oils responsible for their unique taste nuances.

Basket-of-Gold

Flower Type: Perennials
Basket-of-Gold is nicknamed because of its beautiful yellow flowers. It is an evergreen perennial from the Brassicaceae family, native to Europe and Asia. This flowering plant is synonymous with the Alyssum saxatile plant and is among the most resilient flowering plants.

Bergénia

Flower Type: Perennials
Bergenia is a flowering plant belonging to a genus of around 10 species. This plant belongs to the family of Saxifragaceae. The flowers can range from dark purple to bright pink. The plants are 12 to 24 inches tall and are grouped into an inflorescence.

Bighead Knapweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Bighead Knapweed flower features a beautiful, showy yellow thread-like bloom, but make no mistake - the Bighead Knapweed is very invasive. It also features a large taproot that becomes more resilient with age. The leaves are lanceolate and 10 to 30 inches long with slightly pointed ends.

Billy Button

Flower Type: Perennials
Billy buttons, a perennial herb native to New Zealand and Australia, have many names, including drumsticks, woolly heads, Billy balls, and Craspedia, all of which refer to the plant's original appearance. The genus belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes around 23 species.

Bindweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) is a perennial herbaceous climber from Eurasia. This plant is found in most regions where it was accidentally introduced as a contaminant in horticultural and agricultural seeds.

Bleeding Heart

Flower Type: Perennials
As a classic cottage garden staple, the bleeding-heart plant (Lamprocapnos spectabilis) has been a favorite in many perennial gardens for a long. The Lamprocapnos genus includes around 8 flowering plants. The slanted, swollen, cordate rose-pink blooms with protruding white central petals start to bloom in spring before the emergence of the leaves.

Blood Root

Flower Type: Perennials
Blood Root (Sanguinaria canadensis), a member of the Papaveraceae (poppy) family, is more tender and beautiful than its general name suggests. The leaf unfolds when flowering. Each pedicel produces single white flower 2-inches wide, 8 to 10 petals, 1.5-inches in diameter, with numerous yellow stamens in the center.

Blood-Red Iris

Flower Type: Perennials
Iris sanguinea is a rhizomatous angiosperm that can grow to a height of 0.5 to 1 meter and a spread of 0.1-0.5 meters. The Iris flower signifies wisdom, hope, trust, and courage. The Iris flower is considered the flower for the 25th wedding anniversary.

Bluebell Flower

Explore the enchanting Bluebell flower (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), its vibrant violet-blue blooms, ecological significance, different types of bluebells and fun facts in this comprehensive guide.

Browallia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Browallia earns its common names sapphire flower and amethyst flower for its bright, star-shaped blue flowers that stand out like jewels against the bright green leaves of the plant. The oval, pale green leaves are up to 3-inches long. It produces bright blue, purple, or white flowers and thrives in shaded or partially shaded locations.

Bryony

Flower Type: Perennials
Bryonia dioica, commonly known as White Bryony and Black Bryony, also ladies' seal or English mandrake, is a perennial climber from Southern and Central Europe. White Bryony (Bryonia dioica) is a climber in the Cucurbitaceae (cucumber) family that develops multiple stems and forms greenish flowers in summer.

Buckbean

Flower Type: Perennials
Buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliate), commonly known as marsh trefoil or bogbean, is an emergent rhizomatous perennial that generally grows in shallow water at the edge of lakes/ponds in swamps. The 5-petaled star-shaped hairy whitish flowers bloom in terminal clusters on stems up to 12 inches tall in May and June.

Bugleweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Ajuga reptans, commonly known as Bugleweed, are perennial, broad-leaved, evergreen to semi-evergreen herbaceous groundcover of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The genus includes around 40 species of plants. Spikes of small bluish-purple flowers appear in mid to late spring, protruding up to 10-inches above the foliage.

Bupleurum

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
A well-known flowering plant native to southern Europe and central Asia, Bupleurum is a short-lived perennial or annual herbaceous plant closely related to dill, fennel, and other umbel-forming plants. Its branching stems can reach 45 to 91 cm and have small yellow florets contained in greenish-yellow bracts.

Canaigre Dock

Flower Type: Perennials
Rumex hymenosepalus is a perennial flowering desert plant belonging to the order Caryophyllales. The inflorescence of the Canaigre Dock is made up of elongated clusters of many small flowers in a reddish pink.

Candytuft

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Candytuft, also known as Iberis, is a genus of around 50 species in the Brassicaceae family native to Europe and Asia. Candytuft has dark green foliages and small but showy flowers. The plant can reach heights between 15 cm and 30 cm.

Cardinal

Flower Type: Perennials
Cardinal flowers grow well as solitary plants in natural landscaping, mixed flower beds, and borders. The genus Lobelia includes 60 different species of flowers, primarily blue bell-shaped flowers in loose clusters or spikes.

Carex

Flower Type: Perennials
Carex is a large genus of over 2,000 species of herbaceous plants in the Cyperaceae family. All Carex species have cool seasons and grow most actively in spring and fall. Carex flowers bloom in yellow, red, brown, and green.

Carnation

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Carnations were originally peach and pale pink in color. Still, the flowers are now available in various hues, including shades of green, purple, white, red, and yellow. The carnation is revered for many reasons, three of which are its disheveled appearance, its clove smell, and its incredibly long flowering period.

Casa Blanca

Flower Type: Perennials
Casa Blanca flowers are predominantly whiteto pinkto purple-red, and some are golden yellow in color. Their medium texture blends in with the garden. Casa Blanca belongs to a genus of approximately 100 species of herbaceous and bulbous perennials native to South America, North America, and Europe.

Caspia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Caspia (Limonium sinuatum) is a perennial or annual herbaceous plant that originates from Central Asia and the Mediterranean meadows. Its flowers have white petals and calyces that come in shades of purple, yellow, pink, white, or lavender, the latter being known to hold their color very well.

Castor Bean

Flower Type: Perennials
Castor flowers are generally available in yellow, pink, and red. The blooms don't have petals and aren't particularly visible. The 3 distinctive, star-shaped scar lobes of the female blooms are bright red with pinnate branches.

Catmint

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
As one of the exotic perennials of the flower world, catmint (Nepeta cataria) is very versatile and easy to grow. The dark purple flowers explode in early summer for a spectacular display that can last for quite some time. Since this plant appears in muted colors, typically purple/blue flowers on a cool gray-green, catmint is easy to mix and match with other annuals and perennials without clashing.

Chinese Peony

Flower Type: Perennials
Paeonia lactiflora is a flowering plant that can grow 20-28 inches tall. The Chinese Peony is a perennial herb of the family Paeoniaceae. Peony is named after Paeon, the Greek god of medicine and healing.

Chives

Flower Type: Perennials
Chives are a small perennial plant from the Amaryllidaceae family and are related to the onion. Chives are cultivated as ornamental plants because of their attractive flowers and as a herb because of their flavorful leaves. The genus Allium has over 300 species.

Clematis

Flower Type: Perennials
Clematis is an easy-care perennial covered in large, vigorous flowers in spring and summer (there are also some autumn blooms). These beautiful flowers are available in various colors, including red, white, pink, blue, purple, and bi-color.

Coltsfoot

Flower Type: Perennials
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) is a perennial herb in the Asteraceae (sunflower) family native to North Africa, Europe, and parts of Asia. Coltsfoot is the only recognized species in the Tussilago genus. The bright yellow flowers appear in early spring before the leaves appear.

Columbine

Flower Type: Perennials
Columbine, also known as Aquilegia and Grandmother's Cape, is a genus of around 60 to 70 species of grassland perennial plants native to temperate climates in North America, Europe, and Asia. Columbine is a common garden flower in many colors, including purple, pink, white, red, and yellow.

Comfrey

Flower Type: Perennials
Symphytum officinale, commonly known as comfrey, boneset, or knitbone, is a large, bulbous, thick, tufted perennial (up to 3' tall and 2.5' wide). The tubular, flower-like snowdrops, white to purple to pink, appear in pendulous clusters from mid-spring to early summer.

Common Peony

Flower Type: Perennials
Paeonia officinalis is a perennial herb native to the mountainous regions of Southern Europe. The Common Peony plants belong to the order Saxifragales and the family Paeoniaceae. The genus Paeonia comes from the Greek name Paeon meaning a god’s physician.

Convallaria

Flower Type: Perennials
Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley) is a fragrant perennial herbaceous plant. The only species of the genus Convallaria from the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family. Convallaria majalis is a perennial rhizome herb that typically forms a ground cover that extends indefinitely up to 8-12 inches high.

Coral bells

Flower Type: Perennials
Coral bells (Heuchera Americana) are the world's perennial coleus. First, these plants came in soft colors with small, insignificant flowers. Now they are available in a wide range of colors, with some varieties explicitly cultivated for their flower masses. The small, greenish-white flowers in airy, open panicles are borne on slender, thread-like stems extending well above the mound of leaves, typically 18-24 inches high in late spring and early summer.

Cosmos

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Cosmos are annual flowering plants with brightly colored, daisy-like blooms that are borne on long, slender stems. Cosmos is a species of flowering in the Asteraceae (sunflower) family native to the meadowland and scrubland of Mexico, where most species are found.

Creeping Lettuce

Flower Type: Perennials
The creeping lettuce is a flowering plant of the Asteraceae family. It is a widespread species in Japan. Being perennial, this plant grows to 0.2 meters by 0.5 meters. Ixeris stolonifera prefers moist soil and grows well in semi-shade or no shade.

Crocus

Flower Type: Perennials
Crocus is a genus of plants in the Iridaceae (Iris) family that includes 90 species of perennial plants. The colors of Crocus vary widely, with white, yellow, mauve, and lilac predominating. The ensiform, grassy leaf usually has a central white band along the leaf axis. It has an entire leaf margin.

Cyclamen

Flower Type: Perennials
The Cyclamen genus includes about 23 species of perennial plants in the Primulaceae family. Cyclamen species are endemic to the Mediterranean region and Europe. The flowers of the species are white, lavender-white, or rose pink. Flowering Cyclamen are frost-sensitive hybrids from C. persicum.

Cyperus

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Cyperus is a large genus of around 700 sedge species distributed across continents in temperate and tropical regions. The greenish flowers are wind-pollinated, generally produced in racemes between the apical leaves.

Daffodil

Flower Type: Perennials
Daffodils herald spring and the awakening of nature with their trumpet-shaped blooms. They are among the few plant species that can successfully grow in snow. Daffodils are typically golden in color. However, there are new varieties of daffodils in pink, green, orange, yellow, and white.

Daisy

Flower Type: Perennials
Daisies exude innocence, joy, and freshness. They are among the most famous flowers in the world, where they embellish cultivated landscapes and wild fields. They are available in many colors, including blue, red, pink, and white. Daisies are perennials that grow to a height of about 6 inches.

Daylily

Flower Type: Perennials
Known for its flowers that bloom in a single day, Daylily (Hemerocallis spp.) has always been a favorite of many flower growers and gardeners worldwide. These attractive reddish-yellow, orange, or yellow flowering plants are often called the perfect perennials for many reasons.

Dead Nettle

Flower Type: Perennials
Dead Nettle is among the most famous wild herbaceous plants and is known for its sweet flowers. Originally, The Dead nettle is a perennial grass of 30-50 cm in height. It is native to Europe, China, Korea, and Japan. The most popular variety of dead Nettle has white flowers, but those with reddish and yellowish flowers.

Delphinium

Flower Type: Perennials
Delphinium is a famous ornamental plant that adds height and a pop of color to commercial and home gardens. Usually, its flowers come in gorgeous shades of blue and purple. Still, other cultivars showcase more yellow, red, white, or pink.

Dianthus

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, Dianthus, also known as pinks, is prized for its bluish-green, grass-like foliage and lush, star-clear, and often pungent flowers. Dianthus flowers are mainly in shades of white, red, salmon, and pink. The foliage is thin and sparsely distributed on thick stems.

Diascia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Diascia sometimes referred to as Twinspur, is loved for its luscious spring blooms in a range of cute colors, including white, orange, coral, lavender, and pink. A small nestled plant that looks fabulous in front of flower beds and garden edges. During flowering, a racemose apical inflorescence is formed, consisting of salmon, purple, white, orange, pink, or other colored flowers.

Dittany of Crete

Flower Type: Perennials
Dittany of Crete has long been a relatively unknown herbaceous plant. But ever since Joanne K. Rowling's Harry Potter Magical Apprentice mentioned Dittany as a magical herb, the medicinal herb and spice have been in the public spotlight. Dittany of Crete produces purple to pink flowers during the flowering period.

Dock

Flower Type: Perennials
Dock is a perennial herb with a hard, reddish, unbranched stem that reaches 1 to 3 feet in height. The leaves of the Dock plant are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, and 30 centimeters long. The flowers are small, greenish, and 5mm wide and bloom from June to October.

Dogwood

Flower Type: Perennials
Dogwood (Cornus florida) shrubs and trees offer a spectacle of incomparable beauty in all four seasons. The primary attraction is the appearance of showy pink or white flowers that herald spring. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but some varieties produce pink, pale red, or yellow flowers.

Dragon’s Tongue

Flower Type: Perennials
The dragon tongue, also known as Hemigraphis repanda, Ruellia repanda, Waffle plant, and Dragon's breath, belongs to the family Acanthaceae and is native to India and Malaysia. It brings color to every corner and is one of the best options for beginners. The vivid and bright white flowers contrast beautifully with the earthy foliage.

Dutchman’s Breeches

Flower Type: Perennials
Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) is a graceful and easily recognizable wildflower in spring often found on gorges, valleys, ledges, slopes, rock forests, forest floors, and streams throughout most of the United States. It features deeply incised grayish-green fern foliage and clusters of waxy white flowers (rarely pink).

Edelweiss

Flower Type: Perennials
As a plant that symbolizes high mountains, the edelweiss has many admirers. We appreciate its tender beauty and the myths that surround it. The alpine edelweiss is the sole representative of the 40 known species of edelweiss found in the mountains of Asia and Central Europe. The delicate, vivid white flowers of this plant are legendary.

Edulis Tulip

Flower Type: Perennials
Amana edulis (formerly Tulipa edulis) is a bulb-forming perennial with a flower that resembles a tulip. The Amana edulis plant is about 15 cm. It is native to Japan.

Elastic Momordica

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Elastic Momordica is an annual, climbing, or extensive perennial, monoecious herbaceous plant, 2 to 3 meters tall. It can be slightly hairy or hairless. The golden-yellow flowers are erect individually in the axils of the upper leaves on stems 2-10 cm long.

Enchanter’s Nightshade

Flower Type: Perennials
The lovely Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lutetiana) is a plant native to the United Kingdom that appears weak and tender but can be a pesky weed once it establishes itself in the garden. Its small flowers are pinkish-white with 2 strongly serrated petals.

Epimedium

Flower Type: Perennials
A delightful woody addition, the Epimedium plant is part of a constantly growing family of highly-valued perennials. The Epimedium genus belongs to the Berberidaceae family with about 130 known varieties and species. It has large yellow/pale-pink spider-shaped flowers with a long spur (1 3/4" in diameter) appearing in spring bloom.

​​Eupatorium

Flower Type: Perennials
Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial herbaceous shrub that forms clumps of small white blooms in late fall and summer. The Eupatorium genus belongs to the Compositaefamily in the primary group of flowering plants.

Everlasting

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Valued for the beauty of its cheerful blooms, everlasting flower (Xerochrysum bracteatum or Helichrysum bracteatum) is a delicate, short-lived, annual or perennial herb with daisy-like blooms up to 1 to 3 inches wide and covered with a central yellow disc enveloped by shiny petal-shaped bracts in bright yellow, white, pink, red, or orange shades.

False Bird of Paradise

Flower Type: Perennials
The False Bird of Paradise (Heliconia rostrata) is a gorgeous, highly-prized plant with brightly colored bracts and small, hidden flowers. The False Bird of Paradise is so remarkable that once you've seen it, you will never forget it! The colors of the flowers vary in shades of green, yellow, red, pink, and orange.

False Indigo

Flower Type: Perennials
False Indigo mainly occurs along river banks, as well as in thickets and rich forests. There are approximately 20 species of Baptisia, all of which are native to midwestern or eastern North America.False Indigo has purple lupine-like blooms in upright clusters (up to 12-inches) on spikes.

False Spirea

Flower Type: Perennials
This suckering shrub, native to Korea, Japan, China, and Eastern Siberia, is known as the False Spiraea (Sorbaria sorbifolia) because of the similarity of its white pyramidal flower panicles to those of Spiraea (steeplebush). The flowers are conspicuous racemes of small white flowers in dense cone-shaped panicles 4-10 inches long.

Fennel

Flower Type: Perennials
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a culinary herb that is widely used around the world. During the flowering period, it produces yellow blooms that grow in double umbels. Usually, fennel plants bloom between early July and late September.

Fernleaf Yarrow

Flower Type: Perennials
Fernleaf Yarrow is an especially richly decorated, tiny, bright, long-lived golden flowering plant which is a representative of the yarrow genus (Achillea). This particular species of the genus Achillea is among the tallest and is related to Achillea millefolium (Common Yarrow).

Feverfew

Flower Type: Perennials
With its yellow tubular and white ligulate blooms, Feverfew is evocative of chamomile, which also belongs to the Asteraceae family. Feverfew is native to Western Himalayas, Central Asia, and Southeast Europe. The flowers are racemes of white florets with a yellow central disk, typically up to 0.8 in (2 cm) in diameter.

Field Wood-rush

Flower Type: Perennials
The Field Wood-rush (Luzula campestris) is a common plant in green areas like meadows, grassy areas, and plains. The plant is a common European species and is occasionally found in North America. The brown flowers are produced on thin, brush-shaped central stems that can grow up to 6 inches long.

Fig Marigold

Flower Type: Perennials
The Fig Marigold (Carpobrotus edulis), native to South Africa, is a semi-hardy perennial from the Aizoaceae family, one of 30 species in the Carpobrotus genus. The large, conspicuous yellow flowers (7 to 8.5 cm wide) stand individually at the end of short side branches (i.e., individually and at the end of side branches).

Flamingo

Flower Type: Perennials
The Flamingo Flower (Anthurium andraeanum) is another gift from the tropical forests of Latin America to humanity. Their curious lavender, red, pink, or white heart-shaped flowers have a twisted spadix (inflorescence) from white to yellow in the center.

Flowering Fern

Flower Type: Perennials
The term flowering fern refers to the hardy gloxinia fern (Incarvillea delavayi), which is actually not a fern, but earned the nickname because of its fern-like, deeply divided leaves. In contrast to real ferns, flowering ferns glow with trumpet-shaped, pink flowers from the beginning of spring to late summer.

Flowering Reed

Flower Type: Perennials
Reed (Phragmites australis) is a cosmopolitan herb found on every continent except Antarctica and is considered the most common angiosperm. The inflorescence is a pinnate and drooping panicle 15 to 50 cm long, often yellowish-brown to purple in color.

Forget-Me-Not

Flower Type: Perennials
Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis sylvatica - State Flower of Alaska) is a perennial plant native to the provinces and northwestern states of Canada and the United States. The radially symmetrical blooms are light blue with vibrant yellow centers. They are usually arranged in rounded and divergent racemes along the branch.

Fountain Grass

Flower Type: Perennials
Like many herbs, Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum) looks spectacular when lit by the setting or rising sun. However, fountain grass also sends out beautiful, fluffy bloom plumes in late summer. The red, pink, or white plumes (depending on the variety) continue into autumn and give the plantings a casual and relaxed look.

Four O’clock

Flower Type: Perennials
Four O'clock will delight both your eyes and your nose, with fragrant tubular flowers that come in a variety of patterns and colors. Often, you even get different colored flowers on the same plant. the flowers are tubular, red, pink, or white, up to 6.5 cm long and 3.5 cm wide with 5 to 6 stamens.

Foxtail Fern

Flower Type: Perennials
Foxtail fern is a hardy and easily recognizable perennial herb that grows in many indoor containers and gardens. Foxtail fern has a tall, fuzzy, loop-like appearance. It produces small white flowers followed by vibrant red fruits in summer.

Gaillardia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
The hearty, heat-tolerant hedge flower is an excellent addition to the casual garden with vibrantly patterned, daisy-like blooms in yellow, orange, and red shades. The flowers of the Gaillardia species comprise numerous small central disk flowers enveloped by 15 or more sterile striped flowers (although some do not have striped flowers).

Galax

Flower Type: Perennials
Galax (Galax urceolata), also known as wandflower or beetleweed, is a slow-growing conifer native to the United States. Small pinnate white flowers, arranged in a narrow raceme on a bare stem, rise above the foliage in early summer or late spring.

Gas Plant

Flower Type: Perennials
The gas plant is an old-school classic; the gas plant is an erect, clumping perennial that blooms with small pink or white flowers from late spring to early summer. The flowers (pink or white) and leaves emit a powerful aromatic vapor that can ignite, hence the names of Burning Bush and gas plant.

Gaura

Flower Type: Perennials
Attract butterflies and other pollinators to your garden with Gaura's long stems made of delicate flowers. It is a perennial herb that grows to around 15 to 48 inches in height. The flowers are pink, white, or a mixture of the two colors.

Gayfeather

Flower Type: Perennials
Gayfeather (Liatris spicata), commonly known as the Blazing Star, Marsh Blazing Star, or Dense Blazing Star, is a tall, erect, lumpy perennial native to low-lying wetlands, grasslands, and marsh edges. It has terminal ends (6 to 12" long) of stalkless, round, downy, dark purple buds (up to 3/4" wide each) that appear on stiff, upright, leafy pedicels.

Gazania

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Gazania is an annual and perennial plant known for its extreme tolerance to heat and drought. The flowers of this species are orange with black eyes at the base and orange-brown discs. Hybrid varieties come in various additional hues, including shades of white, bronze, orange, or yellow.

Genista

Flower Type: Perennials
Genista spp., also known as Cape broom, Montpellier broom, or French broom, is a perennial woody shrub. The yellow-flowered shrub is native to the Mediterranean. The small yellow flowers (less than half an inch) resemble peas and are grouped in 4 to 10.

Geranium

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
A classic garden plant indeed, Geraniums have been a favorite of many gardeners for over a century. Although most Geraniums are cultivated as annually, they are perennial plants. Geraniums have symmetrical flowers with petals of the same shape and size. The flowers vary in color from white to pink, through deep reds to purple.

Gerbera

Flower Type: Perennials
The Gerbera flower, native to South Africa, belongs to the Asteraceae family along with the sunflower. They belong to an extensive family since there are currently more than 40 species of Gerbera flowers in the world. The striped flowers of the species are usually available in orange, yellow, and red.

Geum

Flower Type: Perennials
Geum, sometimes referred to as Avens, is certainly not one of the most popular perennials. However, it has been grown in gardens for several years. In spring, upright, filiform, branchy, flowering stems rising above the leaves with 5-leaf tips, brick red to orange-red (up to 1.5" in diameter) flowers with clusters of yellow stamens.

Gilliflower

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Mahon's Gilliflower has a beautiful appearance and an alluring scent that will turn heads. Indeed, this flower is sometimes used in bridal bouquets, decorations, and gifts. Today, this beautiful flower has around 140 species. It comes in various shades, including white, blue, purple, red, and pink.

Ginger

Flower Type: Perennials
Ginger is the popular name for the perennial herb Zingiber officinale, an upright plant in the family Zingiberaceae that is widespread for its edible underground horizontal stem (rhizome). The flowers have dense conical spikes about an inch thick and two to three inches long and consist of overlapping green bracts with yellow edges.

Globe Thistle

Flower Type: Perennials
Globe Thistle is among the prickly jokes of life. They thrive nearly everywhere and carry a dreadful sting when they come in contact with the skin. However, they are excitingly shaped and available in deep purples and blues that are beautiful additions to the garden.

Globeflower

Flower Type: Perennials
Globeflowers (Trollius europaeus) look awesome next to streams, ponds, and lakes like ranunculus on steroids. These flowers are easy to grow and produce numerous blooms in early summer and late spring. It exhibits yellow spherical flowers from late spring to early summer on sparse-stemmed leaves that grow up to 18-24" in height.

Goat’s Beard

Flower Type: Perennials
Goat's Beard (Aruncus dioicus), also called bride's feathers, is a perennial plant in the Rosaceae family. The pinnate clusters of filmy cream-colored thread-like flowers grow on long, branching spikes above the foliage and bloom from late May to mid-July.

Goat’s rue

Flower Type: Perennials
Galega officinalis, also known as Goat's rue or galega, professor weed, Italian fitch, or French lilac, is an herbaceous plant of the Fabaceae (legume) family. The white to pinkish- lilac flowers give way to pods containing 2 to 6 kidney-shaped seeds.

Hardy Geranium

Flower Type: Perennials
Perennial Geraniums make beautiful garden plants as they come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. There are more than 300 varieties and species of perennial Geranium, so you can easily find one that's ideal for you. The flowers come in various colors, including white, blue, purple, and pink, and have 5 petals that are sometimes beautifully patterned or veined in contrasting colors.

Helenium

Flower Type: Perennials
Give your landscape a glorious late-season color with Helenium, a light-demanding perennial that offers long-lasting blooms from mid to late summer to fall every year. It features daisy-like flower clusters (2-inches in diameter) with distinctive pale yellow wedge-shaped rays and dome-shaped, dull yellow central discs.

Heliotrope

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Also known as Monkey Tail and cherry pie plant, Heliotrope has been a well-known flower in the cottage garden since Victorian times. Heliotrope blooms in fall or summer. The buds turn a deep purple color and then become lighter as they age.

Hellebore

Flower Type: Perennials
Hellebore is so pretty and straightforward that it has a place in almost any landscape. Its exquisite cup- or saucer-shaped blooms in white (sometimes speckled), maroon, yellow, or pink remain on the plant for many months, even after the petals have dropped.

Hepatica

Flower Type: Perennials
Hepatica is a genus of the Ranunculaceae family indigenous to regions in the Northern Hemisphere. This genus comprises around 7 species of herbaceous plants. This spring-flowering perennial is also known as liverwort or liverleaf. The ½-1-inch-wide flowers have numerous elongated blue, purple, lavender, pink, or white sepals (no petals) surrounding many central stamens with yellowish anther tips.

Hibiscus

Flower Type: Perennials
Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), also called rose mallow, is a perennial plant that belongs to the Malvaceae family. The Hibiscus produces flowers that vary in white, pink, and red shades at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn.

Hollowroot

Flower Type: Perennials
The hollowroot plant enchants with delicate carpets of leaves, on which fragrant blooms in white and deep purple-pink open. The plant belongs to the Fumarioideae (fumitory) family. Hollowroot opens its slightly fragrant white to purple or dark pink blooms from March to April.

Hypericum Berry

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Hypericum Berries are very variable and occur as shrubs, trees, perennials, and annuals. Hypericum is a genus of plants in the Hypericaceae family. Hypericum berries are available in various colors, including red, pink, green, and white. It has bright yellow five-petalled flowers with prominent stamens that bloom in midsummer.

Iberis amara

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Iberis amara is sometimes a wild ornamental annual plant that belongs to the Brassicaceae (mustard) family. Iberis amara is an annual flowering plant that can reach 40cm tall. Its flowers are 6-8mm in diameter and are white or pale purple.

Ice plant

Flower Type: Perennials
Perfect for rock gardens or sunny slopes, the ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) quickly forms a low mat of lush foliage that adds interest and texture even when these succulent perennials aren't blooming. The ice plant grows 6 to 8 inches tall and produces bright purple, pink, or yellow flowers all summer.

Impatiens

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
As a classic annual shade garden, Impatiens have been a popular choice for a long due to their flowering power and a great variety of colors. It has been extensively crossed to produce many varieties that have flowers in a variety of shades, including white, orange, purple, lilac, red, rose, pink, and two-tone varieties.

Indian cane

Flower Type: Perennials
Indian cane (Saccharum officinarum) is a fast-growing species in the Poaceae (grass) of the genus Saccharum. It is better suited to dry conditions and poor soils. It is leafier, with thin, relatively complex red canes.

Indian cress

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus), also known as monks cress, nasturtium, or garden nasturtium, is a flowering plant species from the Tropaeolaceae family native to the Andes from Bolivia to Colombia. The short-lived perennial or easy-growing annual with disc-shaped foliage and bright orange or red flowers are cultivated, possibly origin hybrid.

Ivy

Flower Type: Perennials
Hedera helix, commonly known as English ivy, is an aggressive, vigorous, fast-growing enduring perennial primarily cultivated as a trailing ground cover or climbing plant. On the contrary, they form round - greenish umbrella-like clumps - white flowers in early autumn.

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Flower Type: Perennials
Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) is a charming wildflower native to midwestern and eastern North America but easily grown in shady gardens elsewhere. The flower comes in purple, greenish-white, and green shades. Its bloom forms a club-shaped cluster of scarlet or red berries in autumn.

Japanese Canopy

Flower Type: Perennials
Paris japonica is a slow-growing perennial plant native to Japan with a height of 6-12 inches. Japanese Canopy plants have white and showy flowers in a pedicel. The flowers are star-shaped with 10 tepals.

Japanese Chrysanthemum

Flower Type: Perennials
Chrysanthemum indicum is a perennial Japanese herb that can grow to 1-3 feet at maturity. Indian Chrysanthemum has over 10,000 varieties. The flowers are single and intensely fragrant. Chrysanthemum indicum is approved by NASA as a houseplant that can reduce air pollution.

Japanese Honeysuckle

Flower Type: Perennials
Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) is sinuous and fragrant forest anesthesia. Flowering occurs from late spring to early summer, when conspicuous, tubular, fragrant, whitish-pink blooms develop in the leaf axils. As they age, the flowers turn creamy yellow.

Japanese Iris

Flower Type: Perennials
Iris japonica is a rhizomatous plant with a height of 0.75 to 1 foot and a spread of 1 to 1.5 feet that can grow in forest margins and wet grasslands. The Japanese Iris is named after the Greek goddess "Iris" because of its beauty. The name Iris also means rainbow.

Jupiter’s Beard

Flower Type: Perennials
Jupiter's Beard (Centranthus ruber) is well-known for its nearly uninterrupted flowering ability and extreme drought tolerance. This beautiful flower are loved for its ability to produce a showy white, pink, or crimson flowers tree, sometimes on barren soils from spring to frost.

Kaffir Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
The Kaffir Lily (Clivia miniata) really knows how to put on a show - the display of its vivid buds is a spectacular precursor of spring. The conspicuous funnel-shaped blooms are produced in an umbellate-shaped flower head, colored yellow, red, or orange.

Kalanchoe

Flower Type: Perennials
The Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, commonly known as Kalanchoe, is among the most versatile succulents and is loved for its pretty leaves and colorful blooms. Their flowering time is incredibly long for an indoor plant. These yellow, pink or bright red flower racemes last for several weeks.

Kennedia

Flower Type: Perennials
Kennedia is a genus of about 13 species of flowering perennials in the Fabaceae (pea) family and is native to Australia. The flowers are often arranged in the axils of the leaves, relatively showy and prominent, purple, blue, red, or almost black with leaf-shaped bracts at the base, but occasionally drooping when the flowers open.

Lace Fern

Flower Type: Perennials
Lace Fern (Asparagus setaceus), commonly known as ferny asparagus, climbing asparagus, or asparagus grass, is a climber in the genus Asparagus. Blooming from spring to fall, the small greenish-white bell flowers are 0.4 centimeters long. It grows quickly and is easy to care for.

Lady’s Bedstraw

Flower Type: Perennials
Lady's Bedstraw (Galium verum), also known as the yellow bedstraw and cheese rennet, is a somewhat herbaceous rhizomatous perennial in the Rubiaceae family. In summer (July to September), four-petaled, bright yellow, fragrant flowers bloom in clustered, dense panicles.

Lady’s Mantle

Flower Type: Perennials
lchemilla mollis, also known as Lady's Mantle, is a simple way to add beauty to your garden. Lady's mantle displays delicate yellow flowers that bloom in airy masses on the foliage from late spring to early summer.

Lady’s Slipper

Flower Type: Perennials
The Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium species) is a perennial wildflower of the Orchidaceae (orchid) family indigenous to North America. Presently 52 species are recognized in the Cypripedium genus. Lady's Slippers are available in three different color arrangements: yellow, pink and white, and the rare plain white.

Lantana

Flower Type: Perennials
Lantana camara, also known as common Lantana, is a species of the Verbenaceae (verbena) family indigenous to the American tropics. Each flower is tubular and has four elongated lobes (petals) that change color with age. The colors come in different shades of pink, red, orange, yellow, or white.

Lavandula

Flower Type: Perennials
Lavandula angustifolia is undoubtedly amongst the most popular herbaceous plants. With its purple flowers, the fragrant plant adorns many window sills, gardens, and balconies. Lavandula typically blooms between late May and mid-September. There it forms purple flowers, rarely white, which are arranged in pseudo-whorls.

Leadwort

Flower Type: Perennials
The name Leadwort may not sound flattering, but this beautiful, hardworking perennial always deserves a place in a home garden. The terminal clumps of five-petalled gentian blue flowers (1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter) appear on the foliage during a long flowering period from summer to frost.

Lemon Balm

Flower Type: Perennials
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) is a classic culinary and medicinal herbaceous plant that shouldn't be missing in any balcony or garden. Lemon balm, or simply lemon balm, is part of the Lamiaceae family. Unfortunately, the Melissa genus has only a few representatives with just 4 species. The pale-white lipped flowers, approximately 1 cm in size, grow in the axils of the leaves.

Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
The beautiful flower of the lily plant makes it among the most well-known flowering plants in horticulture. But this eye-catching flower is more than it looks. The flowers are generally scented and come in various colors, including pink, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow.

Little Larkspur

Flower Type: Perennials
Delphinium bicolor is a perennial plant of the Buttercup (Ranunculaceae) family. The stems of the Little Larkspur have a height of 4-24 inches. The Little Larkspur plants can absorb toxic substances, like herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants.

Lobelia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Colorful lobelias are an excellent choice for garden design around streams and ponds, anywhere the soil is constantly moist. The plant produces showy flower spikes in all shades of white, blue, red, and pink. The two upper lobes can be upright, while the three lower lobes can be extended.

Loosestrife

Flower Type: Perennials
Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a flowering plant in the Lythraceae family. It is a large family of plants with over 150 species of evergreen and herbaceous perennials. The sessile leaves are alternate or opposite on the stalk. The purple loosestrife inflorescence consists of many showy, white, magenta, or reddish-purple flowers found in racemes.

Lupine

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
If you are looking for an eye-catching perennial with summer flowers that will stand out from the crowd, lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) is a favorite. The flowers open from the bottom up and sometimes feature over one color on the same plant, in shades ranging from soft pastels to violet blues and deep reds.

Madder

Flower Type: Perennials
Madder (Rubia tinctorum) is a perennial herbaceous plant that belongs to the Rubiaceae family of coffee and bedstraw. Madder flowers are tiny and between 3 and 5 mm in diameter. Each flower has 5 petals in shades of yellow, and they bloom in summer.

Mandrake

Flower Type: Perennials
Also known as Satan's apple, long missing from American pleasure gardens, mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) is staging a comeback, thanks to Harry Potter films and books. The solitary flowers have a bell-shaped crown of 5 petals, and they vary from purple to green-yellow. The flowers bloom in the center of the plant in spring.

Marguerite Daisy

Flower Type: Perennials
For an eye-catching show in cooler weather, plant the Marguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens). Sometimes confused with Shasta daisies, the daisy is quite shrubby and mounded. The deeply incised dark green foliage is aromatic when pressed. White, yellow, and pink varieties are available, some with blue-green foliage and/or double flowers.

Marjoram

Flower Type: Perennials
Also known as sweet marjoram, Marjoram (Origanum majorana), is a perennial plant from the Lamiaceae (mint) family that is cultivated as a culinary herb. The Origanum genus is currently assigned to around 40 species. The small marjoram flowers are predominantly white to scarlet red in color.

Marsh Gladiolus

Flower Type: Perennials
Gladiolus palustris is a perennial herb of the Iridaceae family and is native to Central and NW Europe. This species can grow to a height of 12-24 inches. The genus Gladiolus is a Latin word that means "a sword". The specific name palustris is a Latin word that means "growing in marshes" the plant's environment.

Marshmallow

Flower Type: Perennials
Althaea officinalis, the marshmallow or marsh mallow, is a flowering species of plant native to North Africa, Western Asia, and Europe. True marshmallow flowers appear in clusters in the leaf axils from July to September. They are 1.2 to 2 in (3 to 5 cm) tall. The flowers are white to pale pink, with 6 to 9 outer sepals that are slightly scented.

Mazus

Flower Type: Perennials
Mazus, a slow-growing perennial with delicate blue-violet flowers, is an excellent ground cover thanks to the creeping stalks. In warm winter weather, the foliage is evergreen. Small purplish-blue, tubular, two-lipped flowers with white and yellow markings appear in small clumps from late spring to early summer.

Meadowsweet

Flower Type: Perennials
Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria) was well-known to druids and healers in ancient times. The ancient Teutons used this herb to flavor their famous mead (honey/met). The cream or white flowers are arranged in an umbel shape and usually comprise 5 to 6 petals. What is striking is the flowers' sweet and strong aroma, which becomes more intense on hot nights.

Milkwort

Flower Type: Perennials
Milkwort (Polygala vulgaris) might not have the most endearing name. Still, it's one of the stars of the early-fall summer show in Europe. The flowers are usually dark blue to light blue, but they can also be pink, purple, and white. The flowers have small petals surrounded by a pair of flat-top sepals that look like petals.

Ming fern

Flower Type: Perennials
Ming fern (Asparagus retrofractus), also known as a zigzag shrub, pom-pom asparagus fern, and Ming asparagus fern, is an evergreen herbaceous perennial shrub that generally grows 6 to 8 feet tall. The small, scented white flowers with 6 petals in open axillary umbels bloom from spring to early summer.

Miniature Gladiolus

Flower Type: Perennials
Miniature Gladiolus (Gladiolus nanus) is sometimes referred to as dwarf Gladiolus. It is actually a smaller growing variety than the more popular varieties. Miniature Gladiolus produces fantastic two-tone spikes of pink flowers with a hint of white on its throat.

Mistletoe

Flower Type: Perennials
A mistletoe is a large group of plants that parasitize the above-ground parts of shrubs and trees. Mistletoe is a perennial flowering plant with specialized roots that can penetrate the host plant, from where it receives nutrients and water. The oak mistletoe revered by the Germans and Celts is the Viscum album (European Mistletoe), which produces yellow flowers and sticky white berries.

Montbretia

Flower Type: Perennials
Extremely attractive and exotic in appearance, Montbretia produces decorative clusters of upright, sword-shaped leaves and glowing sticks of yellow, orange, red, and scarlet tubular flowers that bloom for 5 to 8 weeks from mid-summer to mid-fall. Most Montbretia flowers are arranged in an intricate panicle.

Monte Cassino

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Loved by butterflies, gardening enthusiasts, and florists, this remarkable flower Monte Cassino spotlights delicate clear white clouds of dainty daisies with a yellow center that hovers over neatly trimmed small green leaves that form a sturdy, bushy clump. The florets on the central disc are generally yellow, surrounded by thong-shaped ligulate florets in white, purple, blue, or pink shades.

Moonflower

Flower Type: Perennials
Nature is practical and alive throughout the day. Moonflowers (Ipomoea alba) are nocturnal flowers and are best enjoyed by night owls and nightwalkers. The leaves are whole or 3-lobed, 5 to 15 cm long, with a stem 5 to 20 cm long. The fragrant flowers are pink or white and large, 8 to 14 cm in diameter.

Mother-in-law Tongue

Flower Type: Perennials
The Mother-in-law Tongue is an evergreen, perennial plant with elongated and dense leaves. These unique leaves are dark green with light gray-green crossed bands and can grow up to 2.4 inches wide and 3 feet tall. It has small, light green flowers that bloom in summer or fall.

Motherwort

Flower Type: Perennials
Motherwort (Leonurus cariaca) quickly attracts attention with its characteristic leaves and flowers. During the flowering period, which typically occurs between mid-June and early September, the motherwort forms typical blooms with a dainty purple to pink color.

Mugwort

Flower Type: Perennials
Common mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris, is a species in the Asteraceae (sunflower) family. It is one of many species (2-400) in the Artemisia genus, commonly referred to as mugwort. The relatively small florets (5 mm long) are radially symmetrical with numerous dark red or yellow petals.

Nemesia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Nemesia is delicate subshrubs, annuals, and perennials primarily native to South Africa. This charming plant has been gaining popularity lately for a good reason. The flower colors include blue, brown, red, pink, cream, orange, yellow, and sometimes two-tone (different colored lower and upper lips).

Nerine

Flower Type: Perennials
Nerine, also known as spider lily, Jersey lily, and Guernsey lily, is a genus of plants in the Amaryllidaceae family. Nerine grows up to 2 feet in the fall with thong-shaped leaves and large umbels of pink, lily-like flowers when almost nothing else is blooming.

Nettle

Flower Type: Perennials
Urtica dioica, often referred to as nettle, nettle leaf, stinging nettle, or stinger, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the Urticaceae family. This plant has slender, pointed, somewhat cordate serrated leaves that grow 3 to 15 cm high. Slender catkins of small green florets appear from the leaf axils.

Nicotiana

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Nicotiana is a genus of herbaceous shrubs and plants in the Solanaceae (nightshade) family. The 67 species of Nicotiana are native to tropical South America, North America, and Australia. The Nicotiana flower is borne in clumps on multi-branched stems and grows in red, purple, white, and pink tones.

Nierembergia

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Nierembergia's adorable cup-shaped flowers and neat growing habits make them a valuable annual bloom for borders and containers. Nierembergia has pretty, slender, narrow leaves covered with purple or bluish flowers at the tips. This flowering plant grows up to 6 inches tall and up to a foot wide.

Old-Man’s Beard

Flower Type: Perennials
Clematis ligusticifolia is woody or semi-woody climber from the Ranunculaceae family. This desert flowering plant can grow up to 20 feet or more. All parts of the plant can cause severe irritation in the mouth if eaten.

Ornithogalum

Flower Type: Perennials
Ornithogalum, often known as Star of Bethlehem or Wonder Flowers, are beautiful spring flowers that are easy to love and even easier to please. Species typically have linear basal leaves, and a thin stem up to 30 cm tall with white star-shaped flowers often streaked with green.

Osteospermum

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Osteospermum is a relatively new addition to the world of gardening as it became only available in the early 1990s. With its daisy-like flowers in a wide variety of colors, the osteospermum is a favorite among florists and gardeners. Each flower features a central disk of tiny tubular flowers surrounded by fertile ray blooms that resemble petals in a wide range of colors, including yellow, pink, and white.

Painted Tongue

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
The relative of the petunia, the painted tongue (Salpiglossis sinuata), catches the eye with its spectacular trumpet-shaped blooms in shades of deep violet, gold, and magenta.

Paper Reed

Flower Type: Perennials
Cyperus papyrus, also called paper reed or Egyptian reed, is an African tufted species native to the southern Mediterranean, the wettest parts of Africa, and Madagascar. It is a dense collection of many bright green thread-like rays. Tiny secondary umbels are formed with 3 to 5 rays and elongated, narrow bracts at the tips of the rays.

Pasque flower

Flower Type: Perennials
As a harbinger of spring, the pasque flowers (Pulsatilla vulgaris) begin to appear before the plant's fern-like, feathery foliage has fully developed. The flowers are usually purple, but some cultivars also have red, pink, or white flowers.

Peony

Flower Type: Perennials
Peony is a Japanese easy-care flowering plant in the genus Paeonia of the Paeoniaceae family. The genus consists of approximately 32 species of wild peonies primarily native to Europe, Asia, and western North America. The flowers range in color from pink and purple to red, yellow, or white. The flowers bloom from late spring to early summer.

Peperomia

Flower Type: Perennials
Peperomia is one of the two main genera of the Piperaceae family. Most are small, compact perennial epiphytes that grow on rotten wood. Over 1,500 species have been recorded in all subtropical and tropical regions worldwide. Typically, Peperomia flowers appear in brown, yellow, or green conical spikes.

Peppermint

Flower Type: Perennials
Peppermint (Mentha × piperita, also called Mentha balsamea) is a hybrid mint, a cross of spearmint and watermint. Native to the Middle East and Europe, the plant is now widespread and grown in many parts of the world. The axis of the stem is usually hairy and usually highly branched. Peppermint flowers can be purple, pink, and sometimes white.

Perennial Flax

Flower Type: Perennials
Linum perenne, commonly known as perennial flax, is a short-lived perennial shrub native to Europe that generally grows 1 to 2 feet tall. Linum is a genus of around 200 species of flowering plants. It blooms profusely for up to eight weeks in late spring. The sky-blue flowers open early in the sunny mornings, but the petals usually fall in the late afternoon.

Persian Candytuft

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as Persian candytuft or Persian watercress, Aethionema is a genus of around 60 Brassicaceae (mustard) family species. Persian candytuft is magnificent Old-World watercress cultivated for its fragrant pink flowers.

Pheasant’s eye

Flower Type: Perennials
Adonis vernalis, commonly known as pheasant's eye features upright, columnar, branching, leafy stems that average 8 to 24 inches tall. The typical width of the plant is 6 to 12 inches. The blooms are small and resemble buttercups, varying in color from yellow, orange, scarlet, or purple.

Phlox

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
As the mainstay of the cottage garden, Phlox owes its continued popularity to its puffy flower clouds and simple nature. Phlox is a genus of about 67 species of annual and perennial plants in the Polemoniaceae family. The lightly scented flowers can be white, bright red, light blue, pink, or purple.

Pink Musk

Flower Type: Perennials
Malva moschata, the pink musk mallow, is a plant species in the Malvaceae family native to Southwest Asia and Europe. This pink wildflower is grown for its fragrant flowers that thrive during the summer months. The pink-musk flowers are in clusters in the axils of the leaves, each flower 3.2 to 5 cm in diameter, with 5 bright pink petals at the notched to truncated end.

Polemonium

Flower Type: Perennials
Jacob's ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) is a perennial species of the Polemoniaceae family. It is native to the temperate regions of Asia and Europe, where it grows mainly in meadows, grasslands, and damp forests. They are available in yellow, blue, white, or pink, depending on the variety.

Polianthes tuberosa

Flower Type: Perennials
Polianthes tuberosa, commonly known as tuberose, is possibly native to Mexico. It's considered iconic and has a long cultural history dating back to pre-Columbian times. The Agave genus (Agavaceae) includes about 200 species.

Prickly pear

Flower Type: Perennials
The prickly pear, Opuntia ficus-indica, has established itself in different parts of the world where it is not native. In fact, it is so widespread that its original native habitat is unknown, although it is likely native to Mexico. Prickly pears can reach a height of 1.5 meters (5 feet) and can grow to a diameter of 4.5 meters (15 feet).

Prickly Water Lily

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Euryale ferox is a species of water lily found in Asia. The Prickly Water Lily is a perennial plant in the order of Nymhaeales. The seeds of the Prickly Water Lily are used in Chinese traditional medicine. A study showed that extracts from Euryale ferox manifest antioxidant activity.

Primrose

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
With over 400 species to select from, these cheerful spring plants are available in a rainbow of colors. As you can imagine, the flowers' shapes, sizes, and colors vary. The common primrose (Primula vulgaris) is a species in the Primulaceae family native to northwestern Africa, southern and western Europe, and parts of southwestern Asia.

Queens Cup

Flower Type: Perennials
Queen's Cup (Clintonia uniflora) is a perennial plant of the liliaceae (lily) family native to western North America's mountainous regions. There are 5 species of Clintonia, 1 in Asia and 4 in North America.

Ranunculus

Flower Type: Perennials
Ranunculus japonicas is a perennial herb of the family Ranunculaceae. It is a wild grass native to Japan. Ranunculus flowers add beauty and vibrancy to any garden. These perennial herbaceous plants, best known for their fragile rose-shaped petals, produce long-lasting cut flowers.

Rattlesnake

Flower Type: Perennials
Commonly known as the rattlesnake or Calathea insignis, Calathea lancifolia is a tropical rhizomatous evergreen perennial native to Brazilian rainforests. Consequently, the flowers rarely appear on indoor plants. Currently, Calathea is a genus that includes about 60 species of flowering plants in the family Marantaceae.

Red Cranesbill

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Geranium sanguineum, commonly known as bloody geranium or Red Cranesbill, is a hardy flowering perennial herb from the Geraniaceae family. Red Cranesbill is native to Asia and Europe. There are around 300 species of flowering plants in the Geranium genus.

Red Rover

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
The Red Rover Mum is a beautiful large-flowered mum flower that dramatically affects any flower arrangement. Fresh, bold, and classy are the words used to describe this distinctive flower. Colors range from red to yellow, brown to pink, and the flowering period runs from mid-summer to fall.

Restharrow

Flower Type: Perennials
Restharrow (Ononis repens) is a perennial woody plant in the family Fabaceae. It is commonly known as Creeping Restharrow and Common Restharrow. Restharrow has hairy stalks and small, ovate leaves with serrated edges. The leaflets are less than three times as long as they are wide.

Rock Soapwort

Flower Type: Perennials
Saponaria ocymoides, commonly referred to as rock soapwort, is a semi-perennial herbaceous perennial plant native to the rocky slopes of the mountains of south-central and southwest Europe.

Rose

Flower Type: Perennials
Loved by many, the rose (Rosa spp.) is a popular garden flower. Its features, including its precious fragrance and shape, make it easy to recognize. Roses have been grown for millennia and have a long history that goes back thousands of years.

Royal Bluebell

Flower Type: Perennials
Wahlenbergia gloriosa is a perennial herb from the Family Campanulaceae. The leaves of the Royal Bluebell are small, opposite, and dark green. Leaves have oblong wavy edges that become broad towards the apex.

Scabiosis

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Native to Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Caucasus, Scabiosa includes around 70 species of small annual and perennial herbaceous plants that belong to the Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) family. These plants are mainly recognized by their unique appearance and genus name.

Scille

Flower Type: Perennials
The Scilla genus includes around 80 species of bulbous herbaceous perennial plants in the Asparagaceae family, a subfamily of the Scilloideae. Most flowers bloom in early spring, but some bloom in fall. Several species of Scilla are popular as ornamental garden plants. Each flower has 6 petal-like tepals, and each tepal has a distinctive dark blue midrib (median stripe).

Sea Thrift

Flower Type: Perennials
Armeria maritima, the sea thrift, sea pink, or common thrift, is a plant species in the family Plumbaginaceae. The genus has more than 100 species, mainly native to the Mediterranean region. It's a popular garden flower and is sold worldwide as a cut and garden flower.

Shasta Daisy

Flower Type: Perennials
The cheery Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum) is a perennial classic. It resembles the well-known roadside daisies but has larger, sturdier flowers. These daisies return like clockwork every spring or early summer and bloom until early fall.

Silverweed

Flower Type: Perennials
Potentilla anserine, also known as silverweed, goosegrass, or silverweed cinquefoil, is a prostrate perennial herb in the Rosaceae (rose) family. Silverweed is the only plant in the Potentilla genus with pinnate compound leaves and individual flowers on separate stems.

Skunk Cabbage

Flower Type: Perennials
Skunk cabbage flower is not a real cabbage but rather belongs to a primarily tropical family of plants in the Araceae (Arum) family. There are 3 species of perennial plants in the Symplocarpus genus. This flowering plant is a low-growing plant that grows in moist hill slopes and humid areas of eastern North America.

Snow in Summer

Flower Type: Perennials
Snow-in-summer (Cerastium tomentosum) offers a solid option for adding botanical beauty to retaining wall crevices and stones in a rock garden. Additional flowering usually occurs in smaller quantities all through the summer.

Solidago

Flower Type: Perennials
Solidago, commonly known as goldenrod, is a genus of approximately 100 to 120 species of flowering plants in the Asteraceae family. They are mainly native to North America, including Mexico; some species are native to Eurasia and South America.

Solomon’s Seal

Flower Type: Perennials
Polygonatum biflorum, commonly known as Solomon's seal, is a classic garden shade plant that gives garden beds an architectural component thanks to its arched stems. There are around 60 species in this group of perennial grasses in the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family.

Speedwell

Flower Type: Perennials
Veronica, also known as Speedwell, is an easy-to-grow, carefree perennial with long spikes of tiny white, pink, blue, or purple petals. With around 500 species, Veronica is the largest genus in the Plantaginaceae family of flowering plants. The precise origin of this plant cannot be exactly determined.

Spider Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
Hymenocallis littoralis or spider lily is a species of the Hymenocallis genus native to the temperate coastal areas of Latin America. Hymenocallis includes over 60 species of perennial plants. The flower is closely related to the amaryllis plant and, like its relatives, has a showy flower.

Spring Beauty

Flower Type: Perennials
Claytonia virginica is a perennial herb under the order Caryophyllales. This species is a trailing plant that can grow to 2-16 inches. Claytonia virginica has medicinal value. This plant has been used medicinally by the Iroquois for children suffering from convulsions.

Squirrel Corn

Flower Type: Perennials
Dicentra canadensis is a perennial herb with blue-gray and fernlike foliage. This species belongs to the family Fumeriaceae. The squirrel corns are natives to the east of North America. All parts of the Squirrel Corn plant are toxic only in large quantities. However, it can also cause skin rashes.

Starwort

Flower Type: Perennials
Stellaria longipes, a species of plant in the Caryophyllaceae family, are known by Goldie's starwort and long stalk starwort. The Stellaria genus includes approximately 120 species of perennial herbaceous plants. There are 5 white petals, each divided into 2 lobes, sometimes flat but often so deep that they appear to have two petals.

Succory

Flower Type: Perennials
Common chicory (Cichorium intybus), known as radicchio or witloof, is a slightly woody perennial plant from the Asteraceae (daisy) family. The genus Cichorium comprises 6 species with the largest geographical presence in Asia and Europe.

Sweet Woodruff

Flower Type: Perennials
Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum) is a great statement plant in the shade garden. In spring, the plants are covered with white flowers, and the foliage gives off a sweet smell of hay. Sweet woodruff is a carpet-forming perennial most commonly cultivated as a groundcover in shady areas. There are over 600 species of flowering plants in the Galium genus.

Tansy

Flower Type: Perennials
The tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Tanacetum genus in the Asteraceae family, native to temperate areas of Asia and Europe. Tansy is a flowering plant with finely serrated compound leaves and yellow button-shaped flowers.

Throatwort

Flower Type: Annuals/Perennials
Intricate and delicate, Throatwort (Trachelium caeruleum) dazzles with its thick cushions of blue-violet flowers and gives any garden or flower arrangement an elegant, lace-like charm. The flowers come in shades of white, green, pink, purple, and blue, but the flowers of the white varieties age more quickly.

Tiger Lily

Flower Type: Perennials
Tiger Lily is a perennial Japanese bulb plant that can grow 60 cm to 150 cm. in height. It is a prolific flower that gives the appearance of the tiger's skin. This is an excellent border plant. The Tiger Lily flower is associated with wealth and pride,