Mahon’s Gilliflower has a beautiful appearance and an alluring scent that will turn heads. Indeed, this flower is sometimes used in bridal bouquets, decorations, and gifts. Gillyflower (Matthiola incana) is commonly known as the stock flower and is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae.


This beautiful flower is native to the Mediterranean region and South Africa. However, after its classification in the 16th century, the flower was exported to Europe. From then on, it became known not only in Europe but also on other continents.

Matthiola Incana

Gilliflower is a short-lived perennial or biannual and reaches a height of around 3 feet (90 cm). It has narrow, serrated leaves.

Orange Gilliflower Flowers

The 4-petalled flowers are borne in loose racemes and have a violet-like scent. The gilliflower has petals with a different shape that distinguishes it from other flowers. In addition, this flower is also known for its enchanting aroma, reminiscent of cloves or cinnamon.

Red Gilliflower Flowers

Generally, in countries with mild winters, it blooms from late winter to early spring, but in countries with a cool climate, the flower blooms from late spring to summer. Today, this beautiful flower has around 140 species[1]. It comes in various shades, including white, blue, purple, red, and pink.

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2024, February 22). Gilliflower. Bio Explorer. "Gilliflower" Bio Explorer, 22 February 2024, "Gilliflower" Bio Explorer, February 22 2024.
Key References
  • [1]“Pinks, Gilliflowers, & Carnations — The Exalted Flowers | Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello”. Accessed November 27, 2021. Link.


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