Prickly pear

Prickly Pear

The prickly pear, Opuntia ficus-indica, has established itself in different parts of the world where it is not native. In fact, it is so widespread that its original native habitat is unknown, although it is likely native to Mexico.

Prickly Pear

Prickly pear, commonly known as Opuntia, is a genus of flowering plants in the Cactaceae (cactus) family. This plant represents 15 species[1] of the genus Opuntia.

Opuntia Ficus Indica

These perennials are often heavily branched with clearly jointed, flattened, fleshy, and sometimes rounded stem segments, known as phylloclates or cladodes.

Opuntia Flowers

These are also known as pads. Pads are modified stems or branches that perform various functions. The thick, green, flattened pads of the plant are covered with needle-like spikes.

Prickly Pear Fruits

Prickly pears can reach a height of 1.5 meters (5 feet) and can grow to a diameter of 4.5 meters (15 feet). The prickly pear plant has bright yellow flowers 2-3 inches in diameter. These flowers bloom from May to July.

Prickly Pear Yellow Flowers

Prickly Pear

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, October 01). Prickly pear. Bio Explorer. "Prickly pear" Bio Explorer, 01 October 2023, "Prickly pear" Bio Explorer, October 01 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Prickly Pear Cactus | San Diego Zoo Animals & Plants”. Accessed April 24, 2022. Link.


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