Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Plantae Caryophyllales Cactaceae Eulychnia Eulychnia iquiquensis
  • Plant Type: Treelike cactus
  • Common Names: Copao, Copao de Iquique
  • Color: White, near white
  • Flower Dimensions: 2.2-2.6 inches in length
  • Flowering Seasons/Months: Late spring, early summer, mid-summer
  • Desert with Copao: Atacama Desert

Copao Flower Characteristics


Eulychnia iquiquensis is treelike cactus of the Order Caryophyllales. It is endemic to the northern part of the Atacama Desert.

  • Copao can grow up to a height of 3 meters. It is pretty spineless below, but Copao is spiny toward the top. The trunk of the Copao is generally short. It is multi-branched.
  • The areolas of the Eulychnia iquiquensis are covered with white wool.
  • The white flowers of the Eulychnia iquiquensis are made up of 7-14 petals. The flowers are near the tips of the shoots.
  • The flower buds are globular and are covered with silky white hairs.
  • The fruits of the Copao are spherical. They are covered with white wool.

Copao De Iquique

Copao Facts

  • The genus name Eulychnia[1] is derived from the Greek words (eu and lychnos). Its English translation is “beautiful lamp“.
  • The iquiquensis epithet refers to the Copao plant’s location in Iquique.
  • Copao can survive in temperatures up to 50 degrees Celcius. They are endemic to the driest desert in the World, the Atacama.
  • The E. iquiquensis[2] species has never been in cultivation and is known only from the original collection made by Carlos Reiche in 1904.
  • Often, the Copao[3] is born in arid zones where there is no rain for a long time, making it a very special Cactaceae.

Suggested Reading: Popular Flowers

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, November 29). Copao. Bio Explorer. "Copao" Bio Explorer, 29 November 2023, "Copao" Bio Explorer, November 29 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Eulychnia iquiquensis”. Accessed September 12, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Eulychnia iquiquensis Schumann – Cactus Family – The Cactus Expert”. Accessed September 12, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Eulychnia iquiquensis | Giromagi cactus and succulents for sale | Buy plants online”. Accessed September 12, 2022. Link.


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