Kalmia flowers can only grow wild in a few selected habitats worldwide and are perhaps better known as mountain laurel. It is a bountiful flower with symbolic solid value and rich history growing in clumps of bright white or pink cup-shaped flowers.

Kalmia Flowers

Kalmia is a genus and not the name of an individual plant. There are about 7 plants[1] in the genus, although some are added and removed each year due to rearrangement.

Kalmia Latifolia

Kalmia belongs to the Ericaceae family, which comprises cranberry, blueberry, yew, and heaths. Kalmia has received several common names over time, including American laurel, calico bush, spoonwood, and Ivy bush.

Mountain Laurel

Kalmia latifolia is a multi-stemmed, gnarled, evergreen small tree or shrub native to the eastern part of North America. It is known for its attractive spring flowers and high-quality foliage throughout the year.

Pink Kalmia Flowers

It usually grows as a dense, round shrub 5 to 15 feet tall, spreading out and developing gnarled branches as it ages. Despite its common shrub form, Kalmia rarely grows up to 30 feet tall as a small tree.

White Kalmia Flowers

The flowers are borne in terminal clumps (corymbs up to 6 inches in diameter) that typically cover the shrub with unusual flowers for several weeks in late May through June. Each flower (up to 1 inch wide) is cup-shaped with 5 sides and ranges from white to pink with purple markings interior.

The glossy, leathery, elliptical, and alternate evergreen leaves (up to 5 inches long) are dark green on top and greenish-yellow on the bottom, reminiscent of rhododendron leaves.

Suggested Reading: Different Species of Flowers

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, May 31). Kalmia. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/kalmia/.
BioExplorer.net. "Kalmia" Bio Explorer, 31 May 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/kalmia/.
BioExplorer.net. "Kalmia" Bio Explorer, May 31 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/kalmia/.
Key References
  • [1]“Kalmia – The Plant List”. Accessed November 20, 2021. Link.


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