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Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers


Order Asparagales

Asparagales is a monophyletic order that contains many species, including important crop plants such as Allium and Asparagus[1]. They also carry ornamentals such as irises and hyacinths.

The Asparagales order encompasses about 11,884,425 occurrences. The order currently contains 29 families, 1,122 genera, 49,606 species[2].


Asparagales Pronunciation

Asparagales Distribution

Asparagales Distribution

The Alliaceae and Amaryllidaceae families are found mainly in the Northern Hemisphere, South America, and South Africa.

FamilyExample Species
AgapanthaceaeAgapanthus flowers
AlliaceaeAllum flowers
AmaryllidaceaeHerbaceous bulbous flowering plants (Amaryllis)
AnemarrhenaceaeAnemarrhena Bunge
AnthericaceaeDesert agaves and yuccas plants
AphyllanthaceaeAphyllanthes monspeliensis
Asparagaceaegarden asparagus
AsphodelaceaeAsphodelus flowers
AsteliaceaeAstelia, Collospermum, Milligania, Neoastelia flowers
BehniaceaeDesert agaves and yuccas plants
BlandfordiaceaeChristmas bell flowers
BoryaceaeBorya and Alania (drought-tolerant flowering plants)
Convallariaceaelilioid monocots
Doryanthaceaegymea lily and giant spear lily
Eriospermaceaelilioid monocots
HemerocallidaceaeHemerocallis flowers
HerreriaceaeDesert agaves and yuccas plants
HostaceaeDesert agaves and yuccas plants
HyacinthaceaeHyacinthus (hyacinths), Hyacinthoides (bluebells), Muscari (grape hyacinths), and Scilla and Puschkinia (squills or scillas).
HypoxidaceaeHypoxis hemerocallidea (Herbal plants)
IridaceaeIris flowers
IxioliriaceaeSiberian lily/lavender mountain lily
LanariaceaeCape Edelweiss / lambtails
LaxmanniaceaeMat rushes
OrchidaceaeOrchid family flowers
TecophilaeaceaeHartweg’s doll’s-lily flowers
Themidaceaecluster Lilies
XanthorrhoeaceaeGrass tree flowers
XeronemataceaePoor Knights lily

  • Temperate and subtropical Africa, particularly southern Africa, is home to members of the Asphodelaceae family.
  • Members of the Agavaceae are found in xeric to mesic environments, with many occurring in arid regions. They are found across the New World, from the central United States through Panama, Caribbean islands, and northern South America.

Asparagales Species

Asparagales Species

  • The Alliaceae is a family of flowering plants, mainly distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, South America, and Southern Africa. They are essential food and flavoring products, including garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Allium cepa), leek (A. ampeloprasum), and chive (A. schoenoprasum).
  • Asparagales order includes several notable species, including Agapanthus spp. (common cultivars), Asparagus officinalis (a vegetable), and several ornamental species, such as A. setaceus, “asparagus fern” and Hemerocallidaceae family’s Hemerocallis fulva (day-lily).

Hemerocallis Flower

Asparagales Characteristics

Asparagales Characteristics

The following are the general features of this plant order:

Asparagales Flower’s Role in Reproduction

Asparagales Flowers Role In Reproduction

The diversity of insect pollinators (the primary animal pollinator of Asparagales) is broad, although the bee is the most common.

  • Bright colors, contrasting markings (nectar guides), and often a pleasant odor are among the adaptations that flowers have acquired for this form of pollination.
  • In certain Orchidaceae, such as Ophrys, the color and form of the labellum mimic a female bee of a specific species; the male bee pollinates the flower during pseudocopulation.

Asparagales Flower Structure

Asparagales Flower Structure

Asparagales blooms are typically noticeable and colorful.

Asparagales Economic Uses

Asparagales Economic Uses

Many garden plants, bulbs, and cut flowers are found in Asparagales, the asparagus or orchid order of flowering plants.

  • Spring-flowering Crocus and hyacinth (Hyacinthus) and thousands of various varieties of the summer-flowering Daylily (Hemerocallis) contain edible buds used in many East Asian cuisines, are among the most unusual plants in temperate gardens.
  • Aloe is another tropical African genus with long, succulent leaves popular as a houseplant and used medicinally.
  • Other Asparagales plants with edible portions include the onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium sativum), and its cousins the leek (Allium porrum) and shallot (Allium sativum) (A. cepa, variety aggregatum).
  • In addition, asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), a highly appreciated vegetable, and saffron, a spice made from the stigmas of the Crocus sativus plant, are also important species of this order.
  • Finally, vanilla flavoring, derived from the fruit of the Vanilla orchid, is also a member of Asparagalesthat is worth noting.

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2024, July 10). Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
BioExplorer.net. "Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers" Bio Explorer, 10 July 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
BioExplorer.net. "Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers" Bio Explorer, July 10 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
Key References
  • [1]“Phylogeny, Genome Size, and Chromosome Evolution of Asparagales” – A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [2]“Asparagales”. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [3]“Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants: Eudicots | Request PDF”. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [4]“PHYLOGENY OF THE ASPARAGALES BASED ON THREE PLASTID AND TWO MITOCHONDRIAL GENES” by OLE SEBERG, GITTE PETERSEN, JERROLD I. DAVIS, J. CHRIS PIRES, DENNIS W. STEVENSON, MARK W. CHASE, MICHAEL F. FAY, DION S. DEVEY, TINA J ØRGENSEN, KENNETH J. SYTSMA , AND YOHAN PILLON. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.

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