Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers

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Order Asparagales

Asparagales is a monophyletic order that contains many species, including important crop plants such as Allium and Asparagus[1]. They also carry ornamentals such as irises and hyacinths.

The Asparagales order encompasses about 11,884,425 occurrences. The order currently contains 29 families, 1,122 genera, 49,606 species[2].


Asparagales Pronunciation

Asparagales Distribution

Asparagales Distribution

The Alliaceae and Amaryllidaceae families are found mainly in the Northern Hemisphere, South America, and South Africa.

Family Example Species
Agapanthaceae Agapanthus flowers
Alliaceae Allum flowers
Amaryllidaceae Herbaceous bulbous flowering plants (Amaryllis)
Anemarrhenaceae Anemarrhena Bunge
Anthericaceae Desert agaves and yuccas plants
Aphyllanthaceae Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Asparagaceae garden asparagus
Asphodelaceae Asphodelus flowers
Asteliaceae Astelia, Collospermum, Milligania, Neoastelia flowers
Behniaceae Desert agaves and yuccas plants
Blandfordiaceae Christmas bell flowers
Boryaceae Borya and Alania (drought-tolerant flowering plants)
Convallariaceae lilioid monocots
Doryanthaceae gymea lily and giant spear lily
Eriospermaceae lilioid monocots
Hemerocallidaceae Hemerocallis flowers
Herreriaceae Desert agaves and yuccas plants
Hostaceae Desert agaves and yuccas plants
Hyacinthaceae Hyacinthus (hyacinths), Hyacinthoides (bluebells), Muscari (grape hyacinths) and Scilla and Puschkinia (squills or scillas).
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis hemerocallidea (Herbal plants)
Iridaceae Iris flowers
Ixioliriaceae Siberian lily/lavender mountain lily
Lanariaceae Cape Edelweiss / lambtails
Laxmanniaceae Mat rushes
Orchidaceae Orchid family flowers
Tecophilaeaceae Hartweg’s doll’s-lily flowers
Themidaceae cluster Lilies
Xanthorrhoeaceae Grass tree flowers
Xeronemataceae Poor Knights lily

  • Temperate and subtropical Africa, particularly southern Africa, is home to members of the Asphodelaceae family.
  • Members of the Agavaceae are found in xeric to mesic environments, with many occurring in arid regions, and are found across the New World, from the central United States through Panama, Caribbean islands, and northern South America.

Asparagales Species

Asparagales Species

  • The Alliaceae is a family of flowering plants, mainly distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, South America, and Southern Africa. They are essential food and flavoring products, including garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Allium cepa), leek (A. ampeloprasum), and chive (A. schoenoprasum).
  • Asparagales order also includes several notable species, including Agapanthus spp. (common cultivars), Asparagus officinalis (a vegetable), and several ornamental species, such as A. setaceus, “asparagus fern” and Hemerocallidaceae family’s Hemerocallis fulva (day-lily).

Hemerocallis Flower

Asparagales Characteristics

Asparagales Characteristics

The following are the general features of this plant order:

Asparagales Flower’s Role in Reproduction

Asparagales Flowers Role In Reproduction

The diversity of insect pollinators (the primary animal pollinator of Asparagales) is broad, although the bee is the most common.

  • Bright colors, contrasting markings (nectar guides), and often a pleasant odor are among the adaptations that flowers have acquired for this form of pollination.
  • In certain Orchidaceae, such as Ophrys, the color and form of the labellum mimic a female bee of a specific species; the flower is pollinated by the male bee during pseudocopulation.

Asparagales Flower Structure

Asparagales Flower Structure

Asparagales blooms are typically noticeable and colorful.

Asparagales Economic Uses

Asparagales Economic Uses

Many garden plants and numerous types of bulbs and cut flowers are found in Asparagales, the asparagus or orchid order of flowering plants.

  • Spring-flowering Crocus and hyacinth (Hyacinthus) and thousands of various varieties of the summer-flowering Daylily (Hemerocallis) contain edible buds used in many East Asian cuisines, are among the most unusual plants in temperate gardens.
  • Aloe is another tropical African genus with long, succulent leaves popular as a houseplant and used medicinally.
  • Other Asparagales plants with edible portions include the onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium sativum), and its cousins the leek (Allium porrum) and shallot (Allium sativum) (A. cepa, variety aggregatum).
  • In addition, asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), a highly appreciated vegetable, and saffron, a spice made from the stigmas of the Crocus sativus plant, are also important species of this order.
  • Finally, vanilla flavoring, which is derived from the fruit of the Vanilla orchid, is also a member of Asparagalesthat is worth noting.

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2021, December 08). Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
BioExplorer.net. "Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers" Bio Explorer, 08 December 2021, https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
BioExplorer.net. "Order Asparagales / Allium and Asparagus Flowers" Bio Explorer, December 08 2021. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-asparagales/.
Key References
  • [1]“Phylogeny, Genome Size, and Chromosome Evolution of Asparagales” – A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [2]“Asparagales”. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [3]“Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants: Eudicots | Request PDF”. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.
  • [4]“PHYLOGENY OF THE ASPARAGALES BASED ON THREE PLASTID AND TWO MITOCHONDRIAL GENES” by OLE SEBERG, GITTE PETERSEN, JERROLD I. DAVIS, J. CHRIS PIRES, DENNIS W. STEVENSON, MARK W. CHASE, MICHAEL F. FAY, DION S. DEVEY, TINA J ├śRGENSEN, KENNETH J. SYTSMA , AND YOHAN PILLON. Accessed November 25, 2021. Link.

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