Salt Tree

  • Plant Type: Phanerophyte shrub.
  • Common Names: Salt Tree, Nitre Bush.
  • Colors: White
  • Flower Dimensions: 0.16- 0.2 inches in diameter.
  • Flowering Seasons/Month: April-May and October to December.
  • Desserts with Salt Tree: Sahara, Arabian.

Salt Tree Flower Characteristics

The Salt tree is a drought-tolerant shrub of the Order Sapindales. It can grow up to 2.5 meters. This plant is native to the Northern African desert areas.

Salt Tree Flowers (Nitraria retusa)
Image Source: Wikimedia
  • The leaves of the Salt tree are alternate, wedge or sickled-shape, fleshy, and bluish-grey. The leaves measure 10 to 15 mm by 8 to 10 mm.
  • The flowers of Nitraria retusa are small, fragrant, and whitish or greenish. They have 5 petals on short pedicels.
  • The Salt tree has many erect stems, and the woody branches are spreading. When young, the twigs of the Nitraria retusa are furry.
  • The Salt tree has fruits of a triangular drupe.

Salt Tree Flower Facts

  • The Nitraria retusa[1] may be effective in acting as an agent of chemotherapeutic and cystotic activity in leukemia-lymphoma of humans.
  • The experiment showed that the bioactive compounds from the leaf extract of N. retusa induced apoptosis of human cancer cells.
  • In Morocco, the decoction of Salt Tree’s fresh leaves is used to treat poisoning, ulcer, stomach issues, heartburn, colitis, and colonic abdominal pain.
  • Research showed that the aqueous fruit extract of Nitraria retusa[2] can prevent penconazole-induced kidney injury in adult rats.
  • The fruit extracts of Nitraria retusa[3] have antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that are effective in the inhibition of TBARS and microbial growth of beef patties.

Suggested Reading: Kinds of Plants and Names

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Salt Tree. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/salt-tree/.
BioExplorer.net. "Salt Tree" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/salt-tree/.
BioExplorer.net. "Salt Tree" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/plants/flowers/salt-tree/.
Key References
  • [0]“File:Nitraria retusa Djerba Tunisia.JPG – Wikimedia Commons”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [1]“Leaf extracts from Nitraria retusa promote cell population growth of human cancer cells by inducing apoptosis | Cancer Cell International | Full Text”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Full article: Nitraria retusa fruit prevents penconazole-induced kidney injury in adult rats through modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the extracts from Nitraria retusa fruits and their applications to meat product preservation – ScienceDirect”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.

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