Salt Tree

  • Plant Type: Phanerophyte shrub.
  • Common Names: Salt Tree, Nitre Bush.
  • Colors: White
  • Flower Dimensions: 0.16- 0.2 inches in diameter.
  • Flowering Seasons/Month: April-May and October to December.
  • Desserts with Salt Tree: Sahara, Arabian.

Salt Tree Flower Characteristics

The Salt tree is a drought-tolerant shrub of the Order Sapindales. It can grow up to 2.5 meters. This plant is native to the Northern African desert areas.

Salt Tree Flowers (Nitraria retusa)
Image Source: Wikimedia
  • The leaves of the Salt tree are alternate, wedge or sickled-shape, fleshy, and bluish-grey. The leaves measure 10 to 15 mm by 8 to 10 mm.
  • The flowers of Nitraria retusa are small, fragrant, and whitish or greenish. They have 5 petals on short pedicels.
  • The Salt tree has many erect stems, and the woody branches are spreading. When young, the twigs of the Nitraria retusa are furry.
  • The Salt tree has fruits of a triangular drupe.

Salt Tree Flower Facts

  • The Nitraria retusa[1] may be effective in acting as an agent of chemotherapeutic and cystotic activity in leukemia-lymphoma of humans.
  • The experiment showed that the bioactive compounds from the leaf extract of N. retusa induced apoptosis of human cancer cells.
  • In Morocco, the decoction of Salt Tree’s fresh leaves is used to treat poisoning, ulcer, stomach issues, heartburn, colitis, and colonic abdominal pain.
  • Research showed that the aqueous fruit extract of Nitraria retusa[2] can prevent penconazole-induced kidney injury in adult rats.
  • The fruit extracts of Nitraria retusa[3] have antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that are effective in the inhibition of TBARS and microbial growth of beef patties.

Suggested Reading: Kinds of Plants and Names

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, September 27). Salt Tree. Bio Explorer. "Salt Tree" Bio Explorer, 27 September 2023, "Salt Tree" Bio Explorer, September 27 2023.
Key References
  • [0]“File:Nitraria retusa Djerba Tunisia.JPG – Wikimedia Commons”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [1]“Leaf extracts from Nitraria retusa promote cell population growth of human cancer cells by inducing apoptosis | Cancer Cell International | Full Text”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Full article: Nitraria retusa fruit prevents penconazole-induced kidney injury in adult rats through modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.
  • [3]“Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the extracts from Nitraria retusa fruits and their applications to meat product preservation – ScienceDirect”. Accessed September 10, 2022. Link.


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