Order Vitales / Grapes & Boston Ivy Flowers

    Order Vitales

    The grape order of flowering plants, Vitales, are lianas, vines, and rarely shrubs or hemicryptophytes distributed in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions.

    Members of Vitales have small flowers and simple, pinnate, or palmate leaves. The tendrils and the inflorescences are opposite to the leaves. The grapes, Boston Ivy, and Chinese Virginia creeper are the example species of the order Vitales.

    APG IV (2016) classifies Vitales within the Rosids. Order Vitales contains only 1 family, 17 genera, and approximately 995 species. The sole family of the Vitales order is Vitaceae.

    Vitales Distribution

    Boston Ivy

    Most of the members of the Order Vitales are distributed in warm temperate regions or tropics of the world. They are found from eastern North to South America. Other species are distributed from central to southern America. Others are thriving in Southeast Asia/Australasia.

    Vitales Characteristics

    Boston Ivy Flowers

    Vitales Flowers and Reproduction

    The flowers of Vitales are actinomorphic and small. They are in cymes, racemose, corymb, or panicle.

    Chinese Virginia Creeper

    • Vitaceae flowers are in terminal shoots opposite to the leaves. Rarely they are axillary. The perianth of the Vitaceae is cream, green, and red. Usually, they are concolorous[2]. The calyx is small and aposepalous. The petals of the flowers are distinct. They are connate to the base or Calyptra-like and distally coherent.
    • Vitaceae flowers have superior ovary, bicarpellate, and bilocular. There are species, however, with 3-4 carpels. The style is solitary and short, consisting of minute stigma found at the apex.
    • The nectaries of the Vitaceae flowers are 5-lobed. They are situated alternating with the stamens or discoid around the base of the ovary.
    • The flowers of the Vitaceae are bisexual or sometimes unisexual. Most munching grapes undergo self-pollination. There are, however, varieties that are not self-pollinating and need another pollinating grape to bear fruits. Though perfect flowers can self-pollinate, research shows that the presence of pollinators can increase production by 50%.

    Chinese Virginia Creeper Plant Leaves

    Example Vitales Species

    Grapes Flowers

    Many plants that belong to the Vitales order are beneficial. The following are the example species of the Vitales.

    • Common Grape Vine: The fruit is edible. The fruit is used to produce wine, juice, fruits, and raisins. It also has nutritional and medicinal value.
    • False-grape or Heart-leaved pepper vine: The fruits are not edible. However, it has ornamental value, and it is beneficial for fruit birds in the wild.
    • Peppervine: The species is fast-growing and sometimes considered a pest by some. But the foliage is attractive. The species is used as ornamental because the fruits are attractive. It is beneficial in the wild for fruit birds and fruit mammals.
    • Three-leaved wild vine: The Three-leaved wild vine has landscaping value because of its ornamental foliage and fruits. The young leaves are eaten as a vegetable. It is also used in traditional medicine.
    • Kerenda: The leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetables. Also, the leaves, sap, and stem of the C. debilis are used for traditional medicine.
    • Cayratia mollissima: The leaves and fruits of C. mollissimahas medicinal value.
    • Grape ivy[3]: The Grape ivy is sometimes used as houseplants, in hanging baskets, or trellised.
    • Chinese Virginia Creeper: The Chinese Virginia Creeper is commonly used as a garden plant.
    • Boston Ivy: Boston Ivy is a garden plant commonly used as a climbing vine or groundcover.
    • Teru[4]: The species is used in traditional medicine.

    Cite This Page

    BioExplorer.net. (2024, April 13). Order Vitales / Grapes & Boston Ivy Flowers. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-vitales/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Order Vitales / Grapes & Boston Ivy Flowers" Bio Explorer, 13 April 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-vitales/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Order Vitales / Grapes & Boston Ivy Flowers" Bio Explorer, April 13 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/order-vitales/.
    Key References
    • [1]“Vitaceae – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics”. Accessed May 29, 2022. Link.
      By Júlio Antonio Lombardi (Jun, 2017). Accessed May 29, 2022. Link.
    • [3]“Cissus alata (Grape Ivy, Grape Leaf Ivy, Oak Leaf Ivy, Venezuela treebine) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox”. Accessed May 29, 2022. Link.
    • [4]“Ampelocissus abyssinica (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Planch. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science”. Accessed May 29, 2022. Link.


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