The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruity, deciduous shrub from the Lythraceae family, a subfamily of the Punicoideae. This Mediterranean region native has only one genus, Punica, with 2 species, Punica protopunica, and Punica granatum.
Pomegranate is a plant that typically grows between 16 and 33 ft (5 and 10 m) high. The leaves of the tree are sub-opposite or opposite, glossy and elongated. They are 3 to 7 inches long and 2 inches wide.
The flowers are typically bright red but can also be pink or white and are 3 cm (1.18 inches) in diameter with 4 to 5 petals. The fruit is a berry with a 5 to 12 cm diameter and a rounded hexagonal shape.