Brazilian Monkeys

    Brazil Monkeys

    Brazil Monkeys: Brazil, officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, is a South American nation infamous for its immense cultural diversity, beautiful architecture, and breathtaking natural environment.

    Containing about 60% of the Amazon Rainforest, Brazil is widely considered to be the most biodiverse country in the world, with its thousands of native wildlife species[1].

    Mainly, Brazil is home to 131 species of Old-World and New-World monkeys, with 83 being endemic to the country. Some common examples of these species that only reside in Brazil include the red-handed howler monkey (Alouatta belzebul), the buffy-headed marmoset (Callithrix flaviceps), and the crested capuchin (Sapajus robustus).

    Despite the efforts that have been taken to help protect the wildlife of Brazil, monkeys, as well as other species, are still being threatened with extinction due to habitat loss caused by deforestation, poaching, and other human-rooted issues[2].

    Additionally, it should be noted that in light of the global monkeypox epidemic, some Brazilians have taken up attacking and poisoning monkeys in an attempt to limit the spread of the disease[3].

    However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has strongly advised against doing this since monkeys (or any primate for that matter) have nothing to do with the current outbreak; on top of that, most of the transmissions of the virus have occurred because of close contact between humans themselves.

    Brazilian Monkeys

    Here are the different types of monkeys endemic to Brazil.

    Alta Floresta Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus grovesi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Alta Floresta titi is a distinct but unnamed form of titi (Plecturocebus) rediscovered in 2011 in Chapada dos Parecis, a plateau in the far south of the Brazilian state of Rondônia. This species lives exclusively between the Teles-Pires and Juruena rivers in Mato Grosso.

    Amazon Black Howler

    Species Name: Alouatta nigerrima
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Amazon Black Howler is a New World tropical arboreal characterized by densely furry, prehensile tails, all-black faces, a stocky build, relatively large size, and loud howls. According to researchers, its howl sounds like a strong wind blowing through a tunnel can be heard more than two miles away.

    Andean Saddle-back Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus leucogenys
    Native Countries: Peru,Bolivia,Colombia,Brazil,Ecuador
    The Andean saddle tamarin, also known as the saddleback tamarin (formerly known as the brown-mantled tamarin), is a New World monkey species. Andean saddleback monkeys are considered "phyletic dwarfs," meaning their small size is related to their evolutionary development.

    Aracá Uakari

    Species Name: Cacajao ayresi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Aracá uakari, also called the Ayres black uakari, is a newly described monkey species endemic to the northwestern Brazilian Amazon. The species was found by Jean-Philippe Boubli of the University of Auckland after following local Yanomamo Indians on their hunts along the Aracá River, a northern tributary of the Negro River.

    Ashy Black Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus cinerascens
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Ashy black titi is a species initially described in 1823 as Callicebus cinerascens. Ashy black titi monkeys live in small families comprising a monogamous pair and their young. Adult males tend to carry their infants unless the mother is nursing.

    Atlantic Titi

    Species Name: Callicebus personatus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Atlantic titi, also known as the masked titi, inhabits the rainforests of the Atlantic coast of Brazil east of the Andes in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, northwest of Minas Gerais, north of Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo. This species, found nowhere else in the world, inhabit the tropical forests of Brazil's Atlantic coast east of the Andes.

    Azara’s Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus azarae
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Paraguay,Brazil,Peru,Argentina
    Azara's night monkeys, also known as southern night monkeys and Azara's owl monkeys, are native to the Gran Chaco region of South America, a vast area with many different ecosystems, from savannas to grasslands to dry spiny forests and gallery forests. Genetic testing has shown that the males of this species mated pairs are the fathers of the babies they care for.

    Bald Uakari

    Species Name: Cacajao calvus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Colombia
    The bald uakari is an Amazon primate with special traits: it has a glossy red bald face, a short tail, and reddish fur. This monkey is highly specialized and is mainly found in palm habitats. The conspicuous crimson color is caused by blood flow under the skin, specifically a thinner epidermis with a higher concentration of capillaries on the face.

    Barbara Brown’s Titi

    Species Name: Callicebus barbarabrownae
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Barbara Brown's titi also known as the northern Bahian blond titi or blond titi monkey, is a New World monkey species. Barbara Brown's titi is named in honor of Barbara Elaine Russell Brown, a zoologist.

    Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri ustus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Bolivia
    The bare-eared squirrel monkey also called the golden-backed squirrel monkey, is a subspecies of the Saimiri sciureus group native to the tropical forests and jungles of South and Central America. The bare-eared squirrel monkey differs from other species because it does not have ear tufts.

    Bearded Capuchin

    Species Name: Sapajus libidinosus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The bearded capuchin, also called the black-striped capuchin, is a New World monkey in the Cebidae family. They are found in central and northern Brazil. Until recently, the bearded capuchins were considered a subspecies of Tufted Capuchins.

    Bearded Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes chiropotes
    Native Countries: Venezuela,Guyana,Suriname,French Guiana,Brazil
    The bearded sakis or cuxiús are five species of New World monkeys classified in the genus Chiropotes. Bearded saki shows slight sexual dimorphism: males are usually taller and have longer, more prominent beards than females.

    Black Bearded Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes satanas
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black-bearded saki is a species of bearded saki, a species of New World monkey, one of the five remaining monkeys of its kind. Another striking feature is its signature beards. This species prefers primary rainforest, where lush tree canopies provide a relatively safe area out of sight and out of reach of several predators.

    Black Capuchin

    Species Name: Sapajus nigritus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Argentina
    The black capuchin, also called the black-horned capuchin, is a capuchin monkey native to the Atlantic rainforest of southeastern Brazil and extreme northeastern Argentina. The black capuchin was originally called Cebus nigritus or Cebus apella nigritus. Although this has changed, many sources still name the black capuchin as part of the Cebus genus.

    Black Howler monkey

    Species Name: Alouatta caraya
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Paraguay,Argentina
    Alouatta caraya is found in the tropical rain forests of central South America, extending through eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, southern Brazil, and northern Argentina. Alouatta Caraya monkeys are sexually dimorphic, with males weighing an average of 6.7 kg and females an average of 4.4 kg.

    Black Lion Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontopithecus chrysopygus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black lion tamarin, also called the golden-rumped lion tamarin, is a lion tamarin native to the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, almost exclusively in Morro do Diabo State Park. Its limited geographic range makes it the rarest of the New-World monkeys.

    Black Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles paniscus
    Native Countries: Brazil,French Guiana,Guyana,Peru,Bolivia
    Ateles paniscus, the black spider monkey, is one of three sub-species of spider monkeys. Aside from the face, feet, and hands, they are covered in jet-black hair longer than a typical primate. Of all the Ateles species, Ateles paniscus is the largest.

    Black Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri vanzolinii
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black squirrel monkey, also called the black-headed squirrel monkey or the blackish squirrel monkey is a small New-World monkey native to the central Amazonian region of Brazil. The black squirrel monkey closely resembles the much more common Bolivian squirrel monkey. However, the latter lacks the central black back.

    Black Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus niger
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Also known as western black-handed tamarind, the black tamarind is a species of tamarin native to Brazil. Black tamarind uses primary and secondary forests during foraging, primarily attaching itself to the canopy and spending little time on the ground.

    Black Titi

    Species Name: Cheracebus lugens
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Venezuela
    The Black Titi (Cheracebus lugens) is a species of Titi, a New World monkey endemic to South America. It is found in Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil. It is also known as White-chested Titi.

    Black Uakari

    Species Name: Cacajao melanocephalus
    Native Countries: Colombia,Venezuela,Brazil
    Also called the golden-backed black uakari, golden-backed uakari, and Homboldt's black-headed uakari, the black uakari, is a species native to southwestern Venezuela, southeastern Colombia, and northwestern Brazil. The face of Cacajao melanocephalus is black and bare, hence the common name "black uakari" or "black-faced uakari". The hands and lower limbs are black too.

    Black-capped Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri boliviensis
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Peru
    The black-capped squirrel monkey is a New-World primate species endemic to the upper Amazon basin in Bolivia, eastern Peru, and western Brazil. Primarily, black-capped squirrel monkeys are arboreal and found in native and plantation forests and some managed areas close to running water.

    Black-faced Lion Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontopithecus caissara
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black-faced lion tamarin, also known as superagüi lion tamarin, is a small New-World primate in the Callitrichidae family. Black-faced lion tamarins are diurnal and seek refuge in hollows or tree holes at night.

    Black-fronted Titi

    Species Name: Callicebus nigrifrons
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black-fronted titi is a New-World monkey native to Brazil. Black-fronted titi monkeys have short faces, fluffy bodies, long legs, and long fluffy tails. The black-fronted titi monkey is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN due to extensive habitat loss and fragmentation in the remnant Atlantic Forest in southeastern Brazil.

    Black-headed Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico nigriceps
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black-headed marmoset is a species of marmoset native to Brazil. It inhabits tropical rainforests, mainly second growth and fringes. Black-headed marmoset lives in large family groups of 4 to 15 individuals. Typically, only one female per group breeds during any given breeding season.

    Black-headed Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus nigriceps
    Native Countries: Brazil,Bolivia,Peru
    The black-headed night monkey is a nocturnal monkey species native to South America. The monkeys are small primates about the size of a small squirrel. The black-headed night monkeys in Peru have mainly inhabited degraded areas.

    Black-mantled Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus nigricollis
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Peru,Ecuador
    The black-mantled tamarin is a saddleback tamarin native to northwestern Amazonia in far western Brazil, eastern Ecuador, southeastern Colombia, and northeastern Peru. Leontocebus nigricollis live in small multi-male and multi-female social groups of 4 to 12 and occupy 30 to 50 hectares.

    Black-Tailed Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico melanurus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Bolivia,Paraguay
    The black-tailed marmoset is a New-World monkey species native to central South America. It is distributed from south-central Amazonia in Brazil to the Chaco far north of Paraguay. Black-tailed marmosets are arboreal and diurnal, using their claws for tree climbing.

    Black-Tufted Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix penicillata
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The black-tufted marmoset, also called the Black-pencilled marmosets or Mico-estrela in Portuguese is a type of New-World monkey. They live mainly in the neotropical gallery forests of the central Brazilian plateau.

    Blond Capuchin

    Species Name: Sapajus flavius
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The blond capuchin monkey is one of the capuchin monkeys native to northeastern Brazil. They get their name from the distinctive golden-blond fur on their bodies. Like other primate species, the blond capuchin is threatened by poaching and trapping for the illegal pet trade.

    Bolivian Red Howler

    Species Name: Alouatta sara
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,French Guiana,Guyana,Peru,Suriname,Trinidad and Tobago,Venezuela
    The Bolivian red howler monkey is a New-World monkey species native to neotropical South America. The Bolivian red howlers live in groups of 1 to 3 males and 2 to 7 females. Males in bachelor groups try to dominate the female group by wrestling the lead male.

    Brazilian Bare-Faced Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus bicolor
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The pied tamarin, also known as the pied bare-faced tamarin or Brazilian bare-faced tamarin, has one of the smallest home ranges of any primate in the world, located in and around the port city of Manaus.

    Brown Howler Monkey

    Species Name: Alouatta guariba
    Native Countries: Brazil,Argentina
    The brown howler monkey, also called the brown howler monkey, is a species of New World monkey that lives in the forests of southeastern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. Despite the common name "brown howler", its color is remarkably variable, with some individuals mainly appearing black or reddish-orange.

    Brown Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus brunneus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    The brown titi is another species of titi, a New World monkey native to South America. It was initially described in 1842 as Callicebus brunneus and transferred to the new genus Plecturocebus in 2016.

    Brown-backed Bearded Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes israelita
    Native Countries: Brazil,Venezuela
    The brown-backed bearded Saki is one of 5 species of bearded Saki, a New World monkey species. Bearded sakis have a unique appearance. They are born with prehensile tails, which they retain for the first two months of their life. This allows them to cling to their mother's body. After this time, the tail becomes non-prehensile.

    Brown-mantled Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus fuscicollis
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Peru
    The brown-mantled tamarin also called the Spix's saddleback tamarin, is a species of saddleback tamarin native to South America. The species are considered "phyletic dwarfs," meaning their small size is linked to their evolutionary development.

    Buffy-headed Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix flaviceps
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The buffy-headed marmoset is a rare species of marmoset native to the tropical rainforests of southeastern Brazil. These miniature and shy monkeys are mostly tree dwellers, crawling on 4 legs (quadrupeds) from tree to tree with jerky, squirrel-like movements.

    Buffy-tufted Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix aurita
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The buffy-tufted marmoset, also called the white-eared marmoset or buffy-tufted-ear marmoset is a New World monkey living in the forests of the Atlantic coast of southeastern Brazil. Unlike most marmoset monkeys, buffy-tufted-ear marmosets are mainly insectivorous, although their diet is generally carnivorous.

    Burnished Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia inusta
    Native Countries: Peru,Brazil
    The Burnished saki is a species of saki monkey, a species of New World monkey. It is located in central Peru and a small part of adjacent Brazil. The species was described by Johann Baptist von Spix in 1823 but was later merged with the monk saki (Pythecia monachus).

    Cazuza’s Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia cazuzai
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Cazuza's Saki is native to northwestern Brazil. Populations of this species were previously classified as Rio Tapajós saki (Pithecia irrorata). Still, a 2014 study found that these populations had a pelage distinct from all other species in the genus and were therefore considered their own species, Pithecia cazuzai.

    Chacoan Titi Monkey

    Species Name: Plecturocebus pallescens
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Paraguay
    The Chacoan Titi Monkey is a species of titi (also called White-coated Titi), a type of New World monkey native to South America. These diurnal monkeys are stealthy and hard to spot as they navigate the canopy. They move between branches and trees by walking or jumping on four limbs.

    Chestnut-bellied Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus caligatus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The chestnut-bellied titi monkey is a New World primate species native to Brazil. The Chestnut-bellied Titi monkeys live in family groups consisting of father, mother, and baby monkeys ranging in size from three to seven with other affiliates.

    Coastal Black-handed Titi

    Species Name: Callicebus melanochir
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The coastal black-handed titi is another species of titi, a New World primate native to the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Coastal black-handed Titi monkeys vocalize synchronously early in the morning, possibly to announce their presence in their territory.

    Coimbra Filho’s Titi

    Species Name: Callicebus coimbrai
    Native Countries: Brazil
    or Coimbra titi is a species of titi, a New World primate native to the forests of the Brazilian states of Sergipe and Bahia. It is named in honor of Adelmar F. Coimbra-Filho, founder and former director of the Rio de Janeiro Primate Center, for his Brazilian biology and primatology work.

    Collared Titi

    Species Name: Cheracebus torquatus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The collared titi, also called the widow monkey, or yellow-handed monkey inhabits the lush rainforests of the Amazon and is typically found south of Río Negro and north of Río Solimões. Titi monkeys are often known to "duet" with each other, either between an adult female and an adult male, an adult female and her son, or an adult male and his daughter.

    Collins’ Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri collinsi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Collins' Squirrel Monkey is a species of squirrel monkey endemic to Brazil. Until a genetic study by Jessica Lynch Alfaro et al. raised them to the species category, Collins' squirrel monkey had been considered a subspecies of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).

    Common Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix jacchus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The common marmoset, also known as white-tufted-ear marmoset or white-tufted marmoset, is a type of New World monkey. As they have adapted to life at the forest edge of southeastern Brazil, common marmosets have also learned to take advantage of the region's plantations.

    Coppery Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus cupreus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    The coppery titi, or the red titi, is a species of titi, a type of New-World monkey native to South America. Coppery titi monkeys have dense fur that covers most of the body except for the face.

    Cruz Lima’s Saddleback Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus cruzlimai
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Cruz Lima saddleback tamarin is a species of saddleback tamarin, a small monkey native to South America. The Cruz Lima saddleback tamarins were formerly thought to be a subspecies of the brown-mantled tamarin (Leontocebus fuscicollis).

    Eastern Black-handed Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus ursula
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Eastern black-handed marmoset (Saguinus ursulus) is a species of marmoset native to Brazil. These tamarins are mainly covered in jet-black fur, with only a small area around the nose and eyes and most hairless ears.

    Eastern Pygmy Marmoset

    Species Name: Cebuella niveiventris
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Ecuador,Peru
    The eastern pygmy marmoset is a species of marmoset, a tiny New World monkey found in the southwestern Amazon rainforest. Notably, at just over 100 grams (3.5 ounces), the eastern pygmy marmoset is the smallest monkey and among the smallest primates in the world.

    Ecuadorian Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri macrodon
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    The Ecuadorian squirrel monkey is a species of the squirrel monkey. Although it occasionally ventures to the ground to play or feed, the Ecuadorian squirrel monkey is strictly an arboreal primate.

    Emilia’s Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico emiliae
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Emilia's marmoset also called the Snethlage's marmoset, is a marmoset native to Brazil. The species is named after Emilie Snethlage, a German-born Brazilian ornithologist.

    Geoffroy’s Monk Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia monachus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru
    Geoffroy's monk saki, also called monk saki, is a species of saki monkey, a New-World primate native to South America. A monk saki is one of seven species of New-World arboreal monkeys with a bushy, feathery tail.

    Goeldi’s Monkey

    Species Name: Callimico goeldii
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    Goeldi marmoset or Goeldi monkey is a small South American New-World monkey living in the upper Amazon basin region of Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. Goeldi marmosets generally stay less than 5 meters from the forest floor, moving to higher elevations for fruit.

    Gold-And-White Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico chrysoleucos
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The gold-and-white marmoset, also called the golden-white tassel-ear marmoset, is a species of marmoset, a tiny monkey native to the Amazon rainforest in the eastern Amazonas state of Brazil.
    Orange Monkeys

    Golden Lion Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontopithecus rosalia
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), also called the golden tamarin, is a small New World primate in the Callitrichidae family. The golden lion tamarin derives its name from its vivid reddish-orange coat and extra-long hair around its face and ears, giving it a distinctive mane.

    Golden-Bellied Capuchin

    Species Name: Sapajus xanthosternos
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The golden-bellied capuchin (Sapajus xanthosternos), also called the buff-headed or yellow-breasted capuchin is a New World monkey species. They spend much time grooming one another for socialization, with the alpha species receiving the most attention.

    Golden-faced Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia chrysocephala
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The golden-faced saki (Pithecia chrysocephala) is a New World monkey found on the northern side of the Amazon on both sides of the Rio Negro in Brazil. This species was previously classified as a subspecies of white-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia) but was upgraded to full species status in 2014.
    Golden-headed Lion Tamarin

    Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontopithecus chrysomelas
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), also known as the golden-headed tamarin, is a lion tamarin native to Brazil. It is only found in fragments of lowland and premontane forests in the state of Bahia and is therefore considered an endangered species.

    Gray’s Bald-faced Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia irrorata
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Peru,Bolivia
    Gray's Bald-faced Saki (Pithecia irrorata), also known as Rio Tapajós saki, is a New World monkey native to South America. These monkeys are renowned for being reclusive because they avoid humans and quiet nature.

    Guianan Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia pithecia
    Native Countries: Brazil,French Guiana,Guyana,Suriname,Venezuela
    The white-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia), also known as the golden-faced saki, Guianan saki, and Guyana saki, is a New World saki monkey species. Typically, they have a lifespan of around 14 years in the wild and have lived up to 36 years in captivity.

    Guianan Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri sciureus
    Native Countries: Guianas,Venezuela,Brazil
    The Guianan squirrel monkey, also called the South American squirrel monkey, is a squirrel monkey found in Guiana, Brazil, and Venezuela. Saimiri sciureus was once thought to belong to the Collins' squirrel monkey and the Humboldt's squirrel monkey. Still, genetic research in 2009 and 2015 showed they were different species.

    Guianan Weeper Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus olivaceus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Guyana,Venezuela
    The wedge-capped capuchin (Cebus olivaceus), also known as Guianan weeper capuchin, is a capuchin monkey native to South America. Wedge-capped capuchins get their name from a black triangle of dark fur centered on their forehead.

    Guyanan Red Howler Monkey

    Species Name: Alouatta macconnelli
    Native Countries: Guyana,Suriname,Trinidad and Tobago,Venezuela,Brazil
    The Guyanan red howler monkey (Alouatta macconnelli) also known as Guianan Red Howler, is a New World monkey native to Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Venezuela, and Brazil. Each troop has a hierarchy consisting of a single dominant alpha male, sometimes with 1 or 2 subadult males. The rests are females and their young.

    Hairy Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia hirsuta
    Native Countries: Peru,Colombia,Brazil
    The hairy saki (Pithecia hirsuta) is a species of saki monkey, a New World primate species. The species was identified by Johann Baptist von Spix in 1823 but later merged with the Mönk saki (P. monachus). Then, a 2014 study revived it as a separate species due to differences in fur coloration.

    Hershkovitz’s Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico intermedius
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Hershkovitz marmoset (Mico intermedia), also called the Aripuanã marmoset, is endemic to the Amazon rainforest of south-central Brazil. The common name references Philip Hershkovitz, an American zoologist.

    Hoffmann’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus hoffmannsi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Hoffmann's Titi (Plecturocebus hoffmannsi) is a New World primate native to Brazil. It was described as Callicebus hoffmannsi in 1908. These primates have small to medium-sized bodies. Hoffmann's titis are known to live in small, pair-bonded, and territorial groups and are considered monogamous by most biologists.

    Hooded Capuchin

    Species Name: Sapajus cay
    Native Countries: Paraguay,Bolivia,Argentina,Brazil
    The Azaras capuchin or hooded capuchin (Sapajus cay) is a robust capuchin species. It is found in northern Argentina, southeastern Bolivia, eastern Paraguay, and Brazil. Its habitat consists of humid, subtropical, semi-deciduous, gallery forests and forests in the Pantanales.

    Humboldt’s Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus trivirgatus
    Native Countries: Venezuela,Brazil
    The three-striped night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus), also known as the northern owl monkey, Humboldt's Night Monkey, or northern night monkey, is one of several currently recognized species of owl monkeys.

    Humboldt’s Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri cassiquiarensis
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Venezuela
    Humboldt's squirrel monkey (Saimiri cassiquiarensis) is a species of squirrel monkey found in South America's tropical rainforests, except for the coastal forests of southeastern Brazil.

    Humboldt’s White Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus albifrons
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Venezuela,Ecuador,Peru,Trinidad and Tobago
    Humboldt's white capuchins, also known as white-fronted capuchins, are a species of New-World monkeys and one of the smallest capuchin groups. Humboldt’s squirrel monkeys are usually led by a dominant male and female.

    Humboldt’s Woolly Monkey

    Species Name: Lagothrix lagothricha
    Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Bolivia,Brazil,Venezuela
    Humboldt's woolly monkey, common woolly monkey, or brown woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) is a woolly monkey endemic to South America. Humboldt's woolly monkeys can show subtle mood swings and intentions with various facial expressions.

    Kaapori Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus kaapori
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Kaapori capuchin (Cebus kaapori) also known as Ka'apor Capuchin, is a capuchin monkey native to Brazil. Previously considered a subspecies of the wedge-capped capuchin monkey (Cebus olivaceus), it was elevated to species status recently.

    Lake Baptista Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus baptista
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Lake Baptista titi, Plecturocebus baptista, is a species of titi, a New World monkey native to Brazil. Lake Baptista Titi was initially described as Callicebus baptista in 1939.

    Lucifer Titi

    Species Name: Cheracebus lucifer
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    Lucifer Titi (Cheracebus lucifer) is a species of Titi, a New World monkey endemic to South America. It is found in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil. This yellow-handed Titi was described as Callicebus lucifer in 1914.

    Maranhão Red-Handed Howler

    Species Name: Alouatta ululata
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Maranhão red-handed howler (Alouatta ululata) is native to forests (e.g., Babaçu forests) in the northeastern Brazilian states of Piauí, Maranhão, and Ceará. Red-handed howler monkeys are among the least studied species of all howler monkeys.

    Marca’s Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico marcai
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Marca marmoset (Mico marcai) is a native endemic to the Amazon in the Aripuanã-Manicoré interfluvium of Brazil. Marca marmosets that submit to a dominant individual show this by baring their teeth and laying their ears flat.

    Martins’ Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus martinsi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Martin's tamarin (Saguinus martinsi) or Martin's ochraceous bare-faced tamarin, is native to Brazil. These tamarins are distinguished from other New World monkeys by their small size and modified claws instead of nails on all digits except the big toe.

    Maués Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico mauesi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Maués marmoset (Mico mauesi) is a marmoset native to Brazil. It is only found on the western bank of the Maués Açu River in the state of Amazonas. Maués marmosets are arboreal and diurnal, spending most of their lives in trees.

    Midas Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus midas
    Native Countries: Brazil,Guyana,French Guiana,Suriname,Venezuela
    The Midas tamarin (Saguinus midas), also called the red-handed tamarin or golden-handed tamarin is a New-World monkey in the Callitrichidae family. Midas tamarin is also known as golden tamarin or red-handed tamarin. This attests to the remarkably vivid colors of the feet and hands.

    Milton’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus miltoni
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Milton's titi (Plecturocebus miltoni) also called the fire-tailed titi monkey, is a species of titi, a type of New World monkey from the Amazon rainforest of southern Brazil.

    Mittermeier’s Tapajós Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia mittermeieri
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Mittermeier's Tapajós Saki (Pithecia mittermeieri) is a disputed species of saki monkey, a type of New World monkey. Populations of this species were previously classified as Tapajós River saki (Pithecia irrorata). Still, a 2014 study described these populations as a separate species, Pithecia mittermeieri, based on their distinctive fur.

    Mottle-faced Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus inustus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia
    The Mottle-faced tamarin (Saguinus inustus) is endemic to South America. The Mottle-Faced tamarin monkey gets its name from its mottled face, which means their faces have spots.

    Moustached Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus mystax
    Native Countries: Peru,Brazil
    Moustached tamarins, also known as black-chested moustached tamarins and Spyx's moustached tamarins, are native to Peru and Brazil. These monkeys are found in all strata of the lowland Amazon rainforest. The moustached tamarin gets its name from the lack of coloration in the facial hair around the mouth, which resembles a mustache.

    Munduruku Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico munduruku
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Munduruku marmoset (Mico munduruku) is a marmoset native to Brazil. It is only found in the southern Amazon over an area of ​​about 120,000 km square, from the right bank of the Jamanxim River below the mouth of the Novo River to the mouth of the Tapajós River.

    Nancy Ma’s Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus nancymaae
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru
    Nancy Ma's Night Monkey (Aotus nancymaae) is a species of night monkey from South America. Nancy Ma's night monkeys are social. They form small groups of 2 to 5 individuals, all directly related to each other.

    Neblina Uakari

    Species Name: Cacajao hosomi
    Native Countries: Brazil,Venezuela
    The Neblina uakari (Cacajao hosomi), black-headed uakari, is a recently described monkey species from the extreme northwest of the Brazilian Amazon and adjacent southern Venezuela. Neblina uakari's English name refers to the Pico da Neblina, which marks its known distribution approximate center.

    Northern Muriqui

    Species Name: Brachyteles hypoxanthus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The northern muriquí (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) is an endangered species of woolly spider monkey or muriquí endemic to Brazil. When searching for fruit and leaves in tall trees, these monkeys use their tails for support.

    Parecis Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus parecis
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Parecis titi (Plecturocebus parecis) is a species of titi, a New World monkey native to Brazil. The range of the new species is in the deforestation arc of the Amazon, where large tracts of forest are being destroyed for timber, settlements, and industrial agriculture.

    Peruvian Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles chamek
    Native Countries: Peru,Brazil,Bolivia
    Peruvian spider monkeys, like other Ateles species, have a prehensile tail that can be used to facilitate brachiation. Typically, Peruvian spider monkeys have completely black fur and complexions, unlike the lighter red-faced black spider monkey.

    Peruvian White-fronted Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus yuracus
    Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Brazil
    The Peruvian white-fronted capuchin or Marañón white-fronted capuchin (Cebus yuracus) is a species of gracile capuchin monkey native to the upper Amazon basin. Peruvian white-fronted capuchin monkeys live in multi-male, multi-female groups of 5 to 18 individuals, with approximately equal numbers of males and females.

    Pissinatti’s Bald-faced Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia pissinattii
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Pissinatti's Sakior or Pissinatti's bald-faced saki (Pithecia pissinattii), is a controversial species of saki monkey, a New World monkey. This species is named after Alcides Pissinatti, a Brazilian veterinarian who pioneered the breeding of endangered Brazilian primates.

    Prince Bernhard’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus bernhardi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Prince Bernhard's Titi (Plecturocebus bernhardi) is a species of titi in the subfamily Callicebinae. It is a species of New World monkey native to Brazil. The species is named after Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, a naturalist who established the Order of the Golden Ark to honor conservationists worldwide.

    Pygmy Marmoset (Finger Monkey)

    Species Name: Cebuella pygmaea
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    The pygmy marmoset (smallest monkey), genus Cebuella (also known as Finger Monkey), is a small genus of New-World monkeys endemic to the tropical rainforests of the western Amazon Basin in South America. Pygmy marmosets are also highly territorial, using scent glands to mark territories of up to 100 hectares.

    Red Howler Monkey

    Species Name: Alouatta seniculus
    Native Countries: Venezuela,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Brazil
    The Colombian red howler or Venezuelan red howler is a South American species of howler monkey, a New World species of monkey found in the western Amazon basin. Colombian red howler monkeys live in relatively large social groups composed of around 10 individuals, with just one or possibly two of the individuals being male.

    Red-backed Bearded Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes sagulatus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Venezuela,Guianas
    The red-backed bearded saki (Chiropotes chiropotes), also known as Guianan Bearded Saki, is a New World monkey native to South America. They live in groups of about 40 members of both sexes, sometimes separated into groups when traveling or foraging, their primary occupation.

    Red-bellied Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus moloch
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Red-bellied titi (Plecturocebus moloch) is a marmoset species of New World monkey native to Brazil. It lives in thickets and forests. Like other titis, red-bellied titi is territorial and emits vocal cries to mark its territory and scare other animals.

    Red-Chested Mustached Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus labiatus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    The Red-chested mustached tamarin (Saguinus labiatus), also known as Red-bellied Tamarin, is a tamarin that lives in the Amazon region of Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. The red belly of these New World monkeys is their most striking external feature.

    Red-handed Howler

    Species Name: Alouatta belzebul
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The red-handed howler monkey (Alouatta belzebul) is an endangered species of howler monkey, a New World species. Red-handed howler monkeys are diurnal, although they spend most of the day (up to 80%) sleeping on tree branches with members of their squad.

    Red-headed Titi

    Species Name: Cheracebus regulus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The red-headed titi (Cheracebus regulus) (also known as Juruá Collared Titi) is a marmoset species of New World monkey endemic to Brazil. Red-headed titi monkeys are diurnal and arboreal, waking up and sleeping with the sun.

    Rio Acari Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico acariensis
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Rio Acari marmoset (Mico acariensis) is endemic to Brazil. It was first described in the year 2000. These Brazilian monkeys use their specialized claws to forcefully grip tree trunks and gnaw small holes in the bark with their lower incisors and canines.

    Robust Capuchin Monkey

    Species Name: Sapajus robustus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Robust capuchin monkeys, also called crested capuchin monkeys, are capuchin monkeys of the Sapajus genus. Some crested capuchin species are known to use stone tools in the wild. These are used to crack nuts and other seeds, dried fruits, and even oysters.

    Rondon’s Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico rondoni
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Rondon's Marmoset (Mico rondoni), also called the Rondônia marmoset, is a small species of monkey in the Callitrichidae family found in the southwestern Amazon of Brazil. Rondon's marmoset was only described in 2010, and its name refers to the famous Amazon explorer Cândido Rondon.

    Roosmalens’ Dwarf Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico humilis
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Roosmalens dwarf marmoset, also called the black-crowned pygmy marmoset or black-crowned dwarf marmoset, is a New-World monkey endemic to the Amazon rainforest.

    Ryland’s Bald-faced Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia rylandsi
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Peru,Brazil
    The Ryland's Bald-Faced Saki (Pithecia rylandsi) is a controversial species of saki monkey, a New World monkey species. It is one of the largest sakis. This South American monkey was named after Brazilian primatologist Anthony Rylands, a former professor of vertebrate zoology at the Federal University of Minas Gerais and founding editor of the journal Neotropical Primates.

    Santarem Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico humeralifer
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Santarem marmoset (Mico humeralifer), also called the black-and-white tassel marmoset, is a marmoset native to the Amazon and Pará states of Brazil. Santarem marmosets make long cries with their rapidly vibrating tongue, designed to sound like a cricket, and shorter chirps.

    Satéré Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico saterei
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Satéré marmoset (Mico saterei) is native to Brazil and its genus is characterized by claw-like nails rather than the flat nails of other primates, long lower incisors, a specialized caecum, and squirrel-like movements in trees.

    Silvery Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico argentatus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Silvery marmoset (Mico argentatus) is a New-World monkey living in the eastern Amazon rainforest of Brazil. True to its name, the silvery marmoset's body is a striking silver-grey color. Silvery marmosets are primarily arboreal species and can spend their entire lives in trees without descending to the ground.

    Southern Muriqui

    Species Name: Brachyteles arachnoides
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The southern muriqui or woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides) are scattered across southeastern Brazil, from Bahia north to Sao Palo south. The southern muriqui is one of the largest primates in South America, with males weighing around 15 kg and females around 12 kg.

    Spix’s Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus vociferans
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    The Spix's night monkey (Aotus vociferans), also called the Spix's owl monkey, Colombian gray nocturnal monkey, and noisy night monkey is a species of night monkey native to South America.

    Spix’s Red-handed Howler

    Species Name: Alouatta discolor
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Spix's Red-Handed Howler (Alouatta discolor) is a species of howler monkey endemic to the southeastern Amazon in Brazil. Spix's Red-headed Howler is currently on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Endangered Species List based on a population decline of more than 30% over the last 3 generations, mainly due to habitat loss.

    Spix’s White-fronted Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus unicolor
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    Spix's White-fronted Capuchin (Cebus unicolor) is a species of a gracile capuchin monkey. The species is widespread in the upper Amazon basin in Peru and Brazil. It is also present in northern Bolivia. According to the genetic studies by Boubli et al., Ryland and Mittermeier elevated it to a distinct species.

    Stephen Nash’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus stephennashi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Stephen Nash's Titi (Plecturocebus stephennashi), also known as Stephen Nash's monkey or Nash's Titi, is a species of Titi in the family Pitheciidae. This Brazilian monkey was discovered by Marc van Roosmalen in 2001 when local fishermen brought specimens to his breeding center. It was officially described in 2002.

    Toppin’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus toppini
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    Toppin's Titi (Plecturocebus toppini) is a species of Titi, a species of New World monkey endemic to Bolivia, Peru, and Brazil. It got its name from Captain Toppin, who collected the type specimen of this species near the Tahuamanu River in Peru.

    Uta Hick’s Bearded Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes utahicki
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Uta Hick's Bearded Saki (Chiropotes utahicki) is an endangered species of bearded saki, a New World monkey species. It was named after Uta Hick, a German primatologist who cared for bearded sakis at Cologne Zoo.

    Vanzolini’s Bald-faced Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia vanzolinii
    Native Countries: Brazil
    Vanzolini's Bald-Faced Saki (Pithecia vanzolinii) is a species of saki monkey, a species of New World monkey. Vanzolini's bald-faced saki monkey was first cataloged by naturalist Alfonso Ollala in 1936. His account describes a monkey with a long, fluffy tail and golden fur on its limbs.

    Vieira’s Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus vieirai
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Vieira's titi monkey (Plecturocebus vieirai) is a species of Titi, a New World monkey species native to north-central Brazil. They have bright reddish-brown faces with yellowish cheek hairs.

    Weddell’s Saddle-Back Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus weddelli
    Native Countries: Brazil,Bolivia,Peru
    The Weddell's saddle-back tamarin (Leontocebus weddelli) is a species of saddle-back tamarin, a species of small South American monkey. Weddell's saddle-back tamarins are tree dwellers. As such, they are phenomenal climbers with sharp claws that allow them to cling to the sides of trees.

    Weeping Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus castaneus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Guyana,Suriname,French Guiana
    The Weeping capuchin, also known as the chestnut capuchin and chestnut weeper capuchin (Cebus castaneus), is a capuchin monkey endemic to northeastern Brazil, southern Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname. This primate is also known as Wedge-capped capuchin.

    White Marmoset

    Species Name: Mico leucippe
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The white marmoset (Mico leucippe), also called the golden-white bare-eared marmoset, is an endangered marmoset native to the Amazon rainforest of Pará, Brazil.

    White-bellied Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles belzebuth
    Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Venezuela,Peru,Brazil
    The white-bellied spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth), also called the long-haired or white-fronted spider monkey, is an endangered species of spider monkey, a species of New-World monkey. These arboreal monkeys spend most of their time in the canopy. They rarely go down. When they do, they drink water, eat dirt, traverse a treeless area, or run away from an aggressive opponent.

    White-cheeked Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles marginatus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The white-cheeked spider monkey (Ateles marginatus), also known as the white-whiskered spider monkey, is a New World monkey native to the Amazon Basin of central Brazil.

    White-eared Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus donacophilus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The white-eared Titi, Plecturocebus donacophilus, also known as the Bolivian gray Titi or Bolivian Titi, is a marmoset species, a New World monkey endemic to eastern Bolivia and a region of western Brazil.

    White-footed Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia albicans
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The white-footed Saki, also called the white Saki or buff saki, is a species of saki monkey, a New World species native to western Brazil. They hang from branches and hold on with their hind legs while eating seeds and fruits.

    White-Headed Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix geoffroyi
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Geoffroy's marmoset, also called Geoffrey's marmoset, white-headed marmoset, or tufted-ear marmoset is a marmoset native to the forests of eastern Brazil, where it is native to Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, and Bahia. Geoffroy's marmosets are said to follow swarms of army ants to catch insects expelled by the ants.

    White-nosed Saki

    Species Name: Chiropotes albinasus
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The white-nosed saki (Chiropotes albinasus) is bearded, a New World monkey species native to the Amazon rainforest of south-central Brazil. White-nosed sakis are sometimes found in large social groups of 18-30 individuals. Their main reason for traveling is the food search.

    Wied’s Marmoset

    Species Name: Callithrix kuhlii
    Native Countries: Brazil
    The Wied's marmoset (Callithrix kuhlii), also called the Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset, is a New World monkey that lives in the tropical and subtropical forests of eastern Brazil. Unlike other common marmosets, Wied's marmosets live in groups consisting of 4 or 5 females and 2 or 3 males (plus juveniles).

    Cite This Page

    APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, October 02). Brazilian Monkeys. Bio Explorer. "Brazilian Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2023, "Brazilian Monkeys" Bio Explorer, October 02 2023.
    Key References
    • [1]“Brazil and the Amazon Forest – Greenpeace USA”. Accessed August 25, 2022. Link.
    • [2]“Red alert for primates in north-east Brazil”. Accessed August 25, 2022. Link.
    • [3]“Geneva Press Briefing: UNITAID, WHO, WMO, ILO | UN Web TV”. Accessed August 25, 2022. Link.


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