Black Faced Lion Tamarin

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Callitrichidae Leontopithecus Leontopithecus caissara
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Black-faced Lion Tamarin
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1990
  • Monkey Size: 30.5 to 30.5 cm (12.01 to 12.01 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Golden-orange
  • Habitat: Rainforest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Brazil

Black-faced Lion Tamarin Distribution

Black-faced Lion Tamarin Characteristics

The black-faced lion tamarin[1], also known as Superagüi Lion Tamarin, is a small New-World primate in the Callitrichidae family.

  • It is critically endangered and native to the coastal forests of southeastern Brazil.
  • The 4 species of lion tamarins, including Leontopithecus caissara, are also called the “kings of the jungle. “.
  • Their small, wrinkled faces are surrounded by hair tufts resembling a lion’s mane.
  • The tamarins’ arms, mane, and tail are black, while the rest of the body is golden in color.
  • The black-faced lion tamarin has non-opposable thumbs, long fingers for catching fruit and insects, and claw-like nails for digging insects from under tree bark.

What Eats Black-faced Lion Tamarins?

what eats black-faced lion tamarins? (Ocelots)

Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), Tayras (Eira barbara), Jaguar (Panthera onca), Águila Elegante (Spizaetus ornatus), Águila Tiranas (Spizaetus tyrannus) and Jaguarundis (Puma yagouaroundi) consume Black-faced Lion Tamarins.

Black-faced Lion Tamarin Facts

  • Black-faced lion tamarins are diurnal and seek refuge in hollows or tree holes at night.
  • They live in large family groups of 2 to 8 members. Within these family groups, there is usually only a breeding female per season.
  • These tamarins usually vary their resting places to avoid predators.
  • Mainland populations prefer flooded and swampy secondary forests as a habitat. However, the island population mainly uses the high-lowland forest and the arboreal restinga as their primary habitat.
  • Black-faced lion tamarins are one of the rarest mammals in the world. They are listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.

Suggested Reading: All 335 Types of Monkeys

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, February 08). Black-faced Lion Tamarin. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-faced-lion-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Black-faced Lion Tamarin" Bio Explorer, 08 February 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-faced-lion-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Black-faced Lion Tamarin" Bio Explorer, February 08 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-faced-lion-tamarin/.
Key References
  • [1]“Population Density of Black-Faced Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus caissara)”. Accessed December 10, 2022. Link.

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