Coimbra Filho's Titi

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Pitheciidae Callicebus Callicebus coimbrai
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Coimbra Filho’s Titi
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1999
  • Monkey Size: 29 to 42 cm (11.42 to 16.54 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brownish-gray
  • Habitat: Forests
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Brazil

Coimbra Filho’s Titi Distribution

Coimbra Filho’s Titi Characteristics

Coimbra Filhos Titi[1] or Coimbra titi is a species of titi, a New World primate native to the forests of the Brazilian states of Sergipe and Bahia.

  • Coimbra Filhos Titi’s characteristics that most distinguish them from other members of the Personatus genus include the black forehead, ear area, crown, and a zebra-like back’s anterior.
  • Coimbra Filhos Titi is also distinguished from other members of the Personatus genus by the shape of its teeth and skull.
  • The skull is smaller and slightly different in shape compared to other members of its genus.
  • The teeth are more U-shaped as well, as opposed to the V-shaped teeth shown by other members of the Personatus genus.
  • Also, it exhibits a different dental topography on the maxillary first and second molars compared to the other members of the genus.

What Do Coimbra Filho’s Titis Eat?

The Coimbra Filho’s Titi nourishes on Wild Coffee (Psychotria), Ambay Pumpwood (Cecropia pachystachya), Matchwood (Schefflera morototoni) and Granadillo Bobo (miconia ia prasina)[¶].

Coimbra Filho’s Titi Facts

  • Coimbra Filhos Titi is considered one of the most critically endangered neotropical primates.
  • It is named in honor of Adelmar F. Coimbra-Filho, founder and former director of the Rio de Janeiro Primate Center, for his Brazilian biology and primatology work.
  • While other Callicebus species are endemic to many parts of South America, from Colombia to Peru, Brazil, and northern Paraguay, Coimbra Filhos Titi is only present in a minimal area of ​​the coastal states of Sergipe and Bahia in the northeast of Brazil.
  • Usually, the species lives in small groups of 3 to 5 members. Such a group usually consists of a breeding pair and their direct offspring that are not yet sexually mature.
  • Coimbra Filhos Titi has been noted for displaying extreme defensive and territorial behavior when threatened.

Suggested Reading: Monkey Names

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, January 30). Coimbra Filho’s Titi. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/coimbra-filhos-titi/.
BioExplorer.net. "Coimbra Filho’s Titi" Bio Explorer, 30 January 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/coimbra-filhos-titi/.
BioExplorer.net. "Coimbra Filho’s Titi" Bio Explorer, January 30 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/coimbra-filhos-titi/.
Key References
  • [1]“Coimbra Filho’s Titi Monkey-Encyclopedia of Life”. Accessed December 12, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Bello, C., Galetti, M., Montan, D., Pizo, M. A., Mariguela, T. C., Culot, L., Bufalo, F., Labecca, F., Pedrosa, F., Constantini, R., Emer, C., Silva, W. R., da Silva, F. R., Ovaskainen, O. and Jordano, P. (2017), Atlantic frugivory: a plant-frugivore interaction data set for the Atlantic Forest. Ecology, 98: 1729. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818

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