Guianan Squirrel Monkey

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cebidae Saimiri Saimiri sciureus
Common Squirrel Monkey
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Name: Common Squirrel Monkey
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1758
  • Monkey Size: 25 to 37 cm (9.8 to 14.6 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Gray
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Guianas, Venezuela, Brazil

Common Squirrel Monkey Distribution

Guianan Squirrel Monkey Characteristics

Guianan Squirrel Monkey

The Guianan squirrel monkey[1], also called the South American squirrel monkey, is a squirrel monkey found in Guiana, Brazil, and Venezuela.

  • The Guianan squirrel monkeys are about 12.5 inches long (body length), with a tail of around 16 inches.
  • They have a slender, agile build, short grayish fur, and bright yellow legs. Their tail often curls over a shoulder when resting.
  • These South American monkeys have 36 teeth, and interestingly their teeth are sexually dimorphic as males have large upper canines.
  • Guianan squirrel monkeys have fingernails instead of claws and have been called “nervous little primates “. They are the smallest primates of the Cebidae family.

What Do Common Squirrel Monkeys Eat?

What Do Guianan Squirrel Monkeys Eat?

The Common Squirrel Monkey nourishes on these food sources[¶]:

  • Matchwood (Schefflera morototoni)
  • Scarlet Passionflower (Passiflora coccinea).
  • Bara (Guatteria longicuspis)
  • Seasonvine (Cissus verticillata)
  • Black Manwood (Minquartia guianensis).
  • Poroto Shimbillo (Inga brachyrhachis).
  • Pachiuba (Socratea exorrhiza)
  • Amarillo (Guatteria punctata)
  • American Muskwood (Guarea guidonia).
  • Rabo De Ranton (Casearia aculeata).
  • Caucho Rubber (Castilla ulei).
  • Cuero De Rana (Laetia procera).
  • Chalahuite (Inga acrocephala)
  • Maraximbé (Trichilia tuberculata)
  • Fig (Ficus)
  • Abiu (Pouteria caimito)
  • Hogplum (Spondias mombin)
  • Icecreambean (Inga edulis)
  • Trichilia (Trichilia)
  • Breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum)
  • Guiana Brosimum (Brosimum guianense).
  • Guamo (Inga acreana)
  • Figueira-Acreana (Ficus sphenophylla)
  • Pacae Colorado (Inga alba).
  • Sweetwood (Nectandra membranacea)
  • Hinchahuevos (Sapium laurifolium)
  • Maripa Palm (Attalea maripa).

What Eats Common Squirrel Monkeys?

What Eats Guianan Squirrel Monkeys?

Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) are the main predators of Common Squirrel Monkeys in the wild[§].

Guianan Squirrel Monkey Facts

Guianan Squirrel Monkeys

  • Saimiri sciureus was once thought to belong to the Collins’ squirrel monkey and the Humboldt’s squirrel monkey. Still, genetic research in 2009 and 2015 showed they were different species.
  • Female squirrel monkeys nurse and groom their young until they are independent. The male species do not participate in the raising of infants.
  • They are incredibly agile and sometimes run through the forest on branches.
  • Guianan squirrel monkeys exhibit female dominance, with females forming the central core of the troop or group.
  • These monkeys are diurnal, and their activities are typically centered around a water source.

Suggested Reading: Monkey Names List

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Guianan Squirrel Monkey. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guianan-squirrel-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Guianan Squirrel Monkey" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guianan-squirrel-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Guianan Squirrel Monkey" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guianan-squirrel-monkey/.
Key References
  • [1]“Oakland Zoo | Squirrel Monkey”. Accessed August 27, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2640-y.
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsFranco-Quimbay, July; Rojas-Robles, Rosario. 2015. Frugivor�a y dispersi�n de semillas de la palma Oenocarpus bataua en dos regiones con diferente estado de conservaci�n. Actualidades Biol�gicas. 273-285
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-Afrotropicsde Freitas, Cintia Gomes; Capellotto Costa, Flavia Regina; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Balslev, Henrik. 2012. Topographic separation of two sympatric palms in the central Amazon – does dispersal play a role?. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology. 128-135
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsCorrea, Sandra Bibiana; Costa-Pereira, Raul; Fleming, Theodore; Goulding, Michael; Anderson, Jill T.. 2015. Neotropical fish-fruit interactions: eco-evolutionary dynamics and conservation. Biological Reviews. 1263-1278
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsZona, S. & Henderson, A. (1989) A review of animal mediated seed dispersal of palms. Selbyana, 11, 6-21. Online Update 2006 ((http://www.virtualherbarium.org/palms/psdispersal.html).
  • [§] – Middleton, O.S, Svensson, H, Scharlemann, J.P.W, Faurby, S, Sandom, C.J. CarniDIET 1.0: A database of terrestrial carnivorous mammal diets. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13296. Craig, Christie A., Eleanor I. Brassine, and Daniel M. Parker. “A record of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) diet in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve, Botswana.”�African Journal of Ecology55.4 (2017): 697-700.

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