Buffy-tufted Marmoset

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Callitrichidae Callithrix Callithrix aurita
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Buffy-tufted Marmoset
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1812
  • Monkey Size: 14 to 19 cm (5.5 to 7.5 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Gray-black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Carnivorous
  • Native Countries: Brazil

Buffy-tufted Marmoset Distribution

Buffy-Tufted Marmoset Characteristics

The buffy-tufted marmoset[1], also called the white-eared marmoset or buffy-tufted-ear marmoset is a New World monkey living in the forests of the Atlantic coast of southeastern Brazil.

  • Marmosets are generally characterized by their small size, modified claws (instead of fingernails), and two molars.
  • These Brazilian primates don’t have a prehensile tail. Instead, buffy-tufted-ear marmosets have hairy faces and powdery black fur covering their entire bodies.
  • Buffy-tufted marmosets have a short snout with a flat nose, round yellow eyes, and a drooping mouth that suggests perpetual discontent.
  • A blaze of orange-red hair covers their head, while long white tufts protrude from the ears (hence its nickname “ buffy-tufted ear“).
  • These New-World Monkeys have long fingers with claws instead of nails covered in dusty yellow-orange fur.

What Do Buffy-tufted Marmosets Eat?

The Buffy-tufted Marmoset’s diet includes Fustictree (Maclura tinctoria) and Climbing Cactus (Epiphyllum phyllanthus)[¶].

Buffy-Tufted Marmoset Facts

  • Unlike most marmoset monkeys, buffy-tufted-ear marmosets are mainly insectivorous, although their diet is generally carnivorous.
  • Due to their small size and distinctive coloration, they are difficult to spot and observe, and their behavior is poorly understood.
  • Marmosets wake up 30 minutes after sunrise and eat intensely for an hour. The rest of the day is spent resting, socializing, and feeding.
  • Buffy-tufted-ear marmoset monkeys live in fluid groups of 4 to 15 individuals. The group’s composition can include several men/several women, one man/several women, or a group of women/several men.
  • For long-range vocalizations, these primates emit staccato, repeating “tsiks” (short calls) or alarm calls to warn other group members.

Suggested Reading: Types of Monkeys

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, January 31). Buffy-tufted Marmoset. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-tufted-marmoset/.
BioExplorer.net. "Buffy-tufted Marmoset" Bio Explorer, 31 January 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-tufted-marmoset/.
BioExplorer.net. "Buffy-tufted Marmoset" Bio Explorer, January 31 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-tufted-marmoset/.
Key References
  • [1]“Buffy Tufted-ear Marmoset-Encyclopedia of Life”. Accessed December 12, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Bello, C., Galetti, M., Montan, D., Pizo, M. A., Mariguela, T. C., Culot, L., Bufalo, F., Labecca, F., Pedrosa, F., Constantini, R., Emer, C., Silva, W. R., da Silva, F. R., Ovaskainen, O. and Jordano, P. (2017), Atlantic frugivory: a plant-frugivore interaction data set for the Atlantic Forest. Ecology, 98: 1729. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818

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