Black Lion Tamarin

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Callitrichidae Leontopithecus Leontopithecus chrysopygus
Black Lion Tamarin
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Black Lion Tamarin
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1823
  • Monkey Size: 20 to 33.5 cm (7.87 to 13.19 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Brazil

Black Lion Tamarin Distribution

Black Lion Tamarin Characteristics

Black Lion Tamarin

The black lion tamarin[1], also called the golden-rumped lion tamarin, is a lion tamarin native to the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, almost exclusively in Morro do Diabo State Park.

  • Black lion tamarin is almost completely covered with dense, silky black hairs. There are only differences at the rear.
  • The buttocks, thighs, and underside of the tail are reddish brown. This gives the primate its common name, the golden-rumped lion tamarin.
  • The face of the species is hairless, as are the hands and feet, which are black to dark gray.
  • The black lion tamarin’s hind legs are generally longer than the front legs, and the tail is not prehensile.
  • All toes have a sharp, crescent-shaped nail used for grasping trees, except for the big toe with a flat nail.

What Do Black Lion Tamarins Eat?

The Black Lion Tamarin feeds on variety of food sources including[¶]:

  • Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana)
  • Barbados Shrub (Pereskia aculeata)
  • Iguana Hackberry (Celtis iguanaea)
  • Shortleaf Fig (Ficus citrifolia)
  • Birds (Aves)
  • Répteis (Reptilia)

What Eats Black Lion Tamarins?

Cobra (Serpentes), Chouettes (Strigiformes), Falconiforms (Falconiformes) and Cats (Felidae) predate Black Lion Tamarins[§].

Black Lion Tamarin Facts

  • Its limited geographic range makes it the rarest of the New-World monkeys.
  • Within the Leontopithecus genus, the black lion tamarin is the largest. It has the lowest calls but uses more extended tones than other species.
  • They are typically found in groups of 4-9 and live in primary and secondary forests along the perimeter of their home range.
  • The black lion tamarin monkey’s seasonal diet varies depending on its travel habitats.
  • The species uses calls to defend its territory, attract a mate, maintain group cohesion, and make contact with members that may have been lost.

Suggested Reading: All Monkeys

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 01). Black Lion Tamarin. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-lion-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Black Lion Tamarin" Bio Explorer, 01 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-lion-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Black Lion Tamarin" Bio Explorer, October 01 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/black-lion-tamarin/.
Key References
  • [1]“The black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus – its conservation and management | Oryx | Cambridge Core”. Accessed August 08, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsZona, S. & Henderson, A. (1989) A review of animal mediated seed dispersal of palms. Selbyana, 11, 6-21. Online Update 2006 ((http://www.virtualherbarium.org/palms/psdispersal.html).
  • [¶] fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsKeuroghlian, Alexine; Eaton, Donald P.. 2009. Removal of palm fruits and ecosystem engineering in palm stands by white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) and other frugivores in an isolated Atlantic Forest fragment. Biodiversity and Conservation. 1733-1750
  • [¶] Bello, C., Galetti, M., Montan, D., Pizo, M. A., Mariguela, T. C., Culot, L., Bufalo, F., Labecca, F., Pedrosa, F., Constantini, R., Emer, C., Silva, W. R., da Silva, F. R., Ovaskainen, O. and Jordano, P. (2017), Atlantic frugivory: a plant-frugivore interaction data set for the Atlantic Forest. Ecology, 98: 1729. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818

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