Buffy-headed Marmoset

AnimaliaPrimatesCallitrichidaeCallithrixCallithrix flaviceps
IUCN Status: Critically-Endangered
  • Common Name: Buffy-headed Marmoset
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1903
  • Monkey Size: 18 to 30 cm (7.09 to 11.81 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Gray-brown
  • Habitat: Rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Brazil

Buffy-headed Marmoset Distribution

Buffy-Headed Marmoset Characteristics

The buffy-headed marmoset[1] is a rare species of marmoset native to the Tropical Rainforests of southeastern Brazil.

  • It is found in southern Espírito Santo and probably northern Rio de Janeiro, and its distribution extends to Minas Gerais.
  • The buffy-headed marmoset has perhaps one of the most charming faces in the primate world. Cream fur drapes its forehead, chin, and cheeks.
  • In contrast, darker fur surrounds its amber eyes before brushing a flattened nose accented by flared, downward-pointing nostrils.
  • The mask-like appearance has led to comparisons to a sad clown’s face. But in reality, the long strands of yellowish hair blow wildly from his temples, reminiscent of the goofy hairstyle of a specific childhood prankster: Bozo the Clown.
  • A dense, beige mane drapes the head and buries the ears of this monkey. The delicate frame is covered with a coat of greyish-brown fur, with the underside covered in lighter fur.
  • Alternating black and white fur stripes accent the long tail. Unlike many New World Monkeys, the buffy-headed marmoset’s tail is not prehensile.
  • Claws on each of their fingers, except for the big toes, which have nails, help these marmosets hold on to trees while feeding. They have non-opposable thumbs.

What Do Buffy-headed Marmosets Eat?

The Buffy-headed Marmoset diet includes Laceleaf (Anthurium)[¶] and other plant matters.

Buffy-Headed Marmoset Facts

  • These miniature and shy monkeys are mostly tree dwellers, crawling on 4 legs (quadrupeds) from tree to tree with jerky, squirrel-like movements.
  • While most marmosets are mainly gomivorous (feed on tree gums), these species are mainly mycophagous-insectivorous, a fancy way of saying that they consume a lot of insects and fungi (mushrooms).
  • Thanks to their adaptive primate anatomy (called “tegulae” in scientific language), they can vertically hang from a branch by digging their claws into the bark.
  • At night, buffy-headed marmosets sleep in thick, vine-filled tangles in trees, where they hopefully stay undetected.
  • They live in family groups (or “troops“) of three to twenty individuals. A larger group may include up to 4 breeding females, although only one is the primary breeder.

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2024, July 19). Buffy-headed Marmoset. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-headed-marmoset/.
BioExplorer.net. "Buffy-headed Marmoset" Bio Explorer, 19 July 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-headed-marmoset/.
BioExplorer.net. "Buffy-headed Marmoset" Bio Explorer, July 19 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/buffy-headed-marmoset/.
Key References
  • [1]“Species Spotlight: The Buffy-Headed Marmoset Is Menaced on Multiple Fronts • The Revelator”. Accessed December 11, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Bello, C., Galetti, M., Montan, D., Pizo, M. A., Mariguela, T. C., Culot, L., Bufalo, F., Labecca, F., Pedrosa, F., Constantini, R., Emer, C., Silva, W. R., da Silva, F. R., Ovaskainen, O. and Jordano, P. (2017), Atlantic frugivory: a plant-frugivore interaction data set for the Atlantic Forest. Ecology, 98: 1729. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818. doi:10.1002/ecy.1818


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