Cell Biology

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Divisions of Biology: Cell Biology

Cells are often described as the ‘basic unit of life‘. Cell biology is a sub-discipline of biological studies that deals with the study of cells in all aspects. From cell anatomy, cell death, cell respiration to the processes of cell divisions like mitosis and meiosis, cell biology covers all topics. This subject is closely related to other important branches of science like genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology. Also known as cytology, cell biology is closely associated with immunology and developmental biology.

Autosomal Recessive Inheritance

Autosomal Recessive Inheritance: Principles, Patterns, & Associated Disorders

Autosomal recessive inheritance is a condition when carrier parents have a 25% chance of having a child affected with a particular genetic condition.
Bacterial Transduction

Bacterial Transduction: A Mode of Genetic Recombination

Even without contact, bacterial cells can transfer their genetic material to other cells through bacterial transduction. Explore how this event is possible in this article.
Cell Cycle

Cell Cycle

Cell cycle, often called the cell-division cycle is the study of events like division and duplication, occurring within the cell. These cells are termed as ‘Eukaryotes’.
Cell Specialization

Cell Specialization: Mechanisms, Examples, & Significance

Cell specialization is the process by which cells evolve to cells with specific functions. Let's explore its mechanisms, examples and significance here.
Plant Cell Wall

Cell Wall: Types, Structure, and Functions

The cell wall is the structural layer encircling the cell membrane. Discover the different types of cell walls, their structures, and their functions.
Cellular Organization

Cellular Organization: Exploring The Cell

Cellular organization refers to the components that make up the cell and how these "organelles" are arranged inside it. Explore its functions, shape & size.
Difference Between Diffusion and Osmosis

Difference Between Diffusion and Osmosis

Differences between diffusion and osmosis: Explore the 2 types of transport mechanisms in biological membranes that seem to be almost interchangeable.
Difference Between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells

Learn the difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes cells which is considered to be one of the most important variations among groups of organisms.
Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis

Differences Between Mitosis and Meiosis

Among living organisms, two types of cell divisions exist: mitosis and meiosis. Explore several major differences between these two processes.
Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells

Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells – A Complete Overview

As Eukaryotes, plant and animal cells bear great resemblance. However, as two separate entities, there is a big difference between plant and animal cells.
Do Prokaryotes Have Mitochondria?

Do Prokaryotes Have Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell. Do Prokaryotes Have Mitochondria? But if prokaryotic cells don’t have them, how do they manage to obtain energy and survive? Find answers here.
Chromosome Nondisjuction

Errors In Meiosis: The Science Behind Nondisjunction

Nondisjunction: Let's explore the science behind how an offspring acquires the wrong number of chromosomes through a deleterious phenomenon during meiosis.
Cytoplasm Functions

Explore Cytoplasm Functions, Types, Processes & Features

Every cell in an organism is comprised of a fluid that fills the cell and is surrounded by a cell membrane. This fluid is called the cytoplasm or the cytosol. Explore the cytoplasm functions, its types, processes, constituents and physical & chemical features of the Cytoplasm in detail.
types of antibodies

Explore Types of Antibodies, Their Structures & Functions

The immune system of the body mediates disease-fighting mechanisms using two different types of mediators. There are broadly two types of cells that are involved in the immune reaction – T cells & B cells. Explore different types of antibodies (or immunoglobulins), their properties, structures and functions in detail.
Vesicle Functions

Explore Vesicles, Types & Their 9 Major Functions

Anatomically, a cell comprises of various organelles that function in an organized manner to carry out metabolic processes. Among these organelles, Vesicle is a a tiny intra or extracellular fluid structure in a cell. Explore vesicle functions and types of vesicles in detail here.
3 parts of cell theory

Explore What Is Cell Theory & Parts of Cell Theory

All living organisms on the planet are made up of tiny individual units called cells. Without these units, living organisms cannot function the way they do now. In this article, we will explore the aspects and 3 parts of cell theory, its rivaled history, and many versions, as well as the exceptions to cell theory.
mRNA Translation

From mRNA To Protein: Overview of Translation Biology

Get an overview of translation biology - the process where the encoded info in mRNA is translated into amino acids and proteins (Protein Synthesis Steps).
Goblet Cells

Goblet Cells: Definition, Functions, Mucus Secretion & Associated Diseases

Let’s explore the biology of Goblet Cells ranging from their definition, functions, where found, mode of mucus secretion, associated diseases with diagrams.
Hematopoietic Stem Cells (White Blood Cells) in Bone Marrow

Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs): Overview, Origin, Properties, Functions & Clinical Uses

Blood Cells are usually short-lived. Hematopoietic Stem Cells in the body are present to restore them continuously. See its origin, properties & functions.
History of Cell Biology

History of Cell Biology

Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies cell structure and its functions. Learn the history of cell biology and timeline from past to present.
Kupffer Cells

Kupffer Cells In Liver: Definition, Development, Anatomy, and Functions

Kupffer Cells are specialized macrophages in the liver. Let's explore their definition, anatomy, functions, and all things you need to know about them.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs): Overview, Properties, Functions & Therapies

Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent cells that give rise to many cells in the body. This article will explain everything you need to know about MSCs.
Building Blocks Of Nucleic Acids Diagram

Nucleotides: Building Blocks of Nucleic Acids

Nucleotides are the building blocks of the nucleic acids namely DNA and RNA. Explore these building blocks, their structures, functions, and biological importance.
Cellular Respiration Equation (C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + 38*ATP)

Overview Of Cellular Respiration Equation, Types, Stages & Products

Cellular Respiration is the process by which living organisms produce energy. Learn Cellular Respiration Equations, Types, Stages & Products via illustrations.
Chromosomal Mutations

Overview of Chromosomal Mutations, Types & Examples

Chromosomal mutations are any alterations or errors that occur within a chromosome. Let's explore everything you need to know about this phenomenon here.
Endocytosis Types

Pinocytosis: The Science of Cell Drinking

Pinocytosis is the process by which cells takes in extracellular fluid & dissolved solutes. Learn the difference between Phagocytosis and Pinocytosis here.
plasma membrane functions

Plasma Membrane Functions, Composition, & Structures

The plasma membrane is a type of biomembrane that serves as barrier & adding structural support. Learn more about plasma membrane functions here.
Recombinant Proteins

Recombinant Proteins

Recombinant proteins are translated products of the expression of recombinant DNA in living cells. Learn its definition, history, two methods & applications.
ribosomes function

Ribosomes Function: The Cell’s Protein Machinery

Tracing its origin to more than 3 to 4 billion years ago, ribosomes are thought to have risen from the world of the ribonucleic acid (RNA). Explore more about this amazing "protein machinery" as we uncover ribosomes function, structures, and variations in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Spermatogenesis: The Generation of Sperm Cells

In the animal kingdom, the union of the sperm and egg is the foundation of reproduction of the species. Spermatogenesis is the production of sperm from the primordial germ cells within the male reproductive organs. Learn the process of spermatogenesis & how simple germ cells develop into the male gamete, the sperm.
Central Vacuole In Plant Cells

The Biology Of The Plant Central Vacuole: Structures And Functions

More than just its seemingly empty bubble-like structure, the central vacuole in fact plays essential functions in plants. In this post, explore its discovery, structures and functions in detail.
Phospholipid Bilayer

The Fluid Mosaic Model: Phospholipid Bilayer

The phospholipid bilayer is the fundamental structure of the plasma membrane. We will explore its components, structure, functions, examples & all about it.
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium

The Histology Of The Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium

Learn about the pseudostratified columnar epithelium (anatomy, types & functions) and find out what makes it unique from other epithelia found in the body.
Cell Biology Textbooks

Top 11 Cell Biology Textbooks of All Times

Cell biology is often considered to be a challenging subject area, whether in academics or research. Here are the 11 of the best cell biology textbooks of all times, which will aid aspiring students and researchers in Cell Biology.
Differences between Serum and Plasma

Top 14 Differences Between Serum and Plasma & Similarities

Blood contains two other parts – plasma and serum. It is quite common to come across these two terms frequently and be confused by the two. However, both are vital components of the blood. Explore top 14 key difference between serum and plasma and also similarities between them in this page.
Bacterial Diseases

Top 15 Most Infectious and Deadliest Diseases Caused By Bacteria

Here are the world’s top 15 most infectious and deadliest bacterial diseases/infections that even some of the strongest present-day antibiotics can’t kill.
Stem Cell Research Pros and Cons

Top 17 Stem Cell Research Pros and Cons

The human body is made up of trillions of cells that are the foundation for different tissue and organ systems. Stem cell therapy involves isolating stem cells from their respective niche and using them to treat a disorder, area of injury or damaged tissue. Let's explore top 17 stem cell research pros and cons here.
Parenchyma Cells

What Are Parenchyma Cells?

Parenchyma cells serve as the foundation of the ground tissue system in plants. Let's explore these cells’ structure, distribution, and functions here.
Building Blocks of Protein

What Are The Building Blocks of Proteins?

Known to be the building blocks of proteins, amino acids come in various structure, & configurations. Learn about their structures, properties, examples. and functions.
Homologous Chromosomes

What Is A Homologous Chromosome?

Chromosomes are structures that bear DNA but what is a homologous chromosome & how they behave inside the cell during Mitosis, Meiosis & Non-Disjunction processes.
Meiosis Stages

What is Meiosis?

Meiosis is a type of cell division that occurs in the sex cells. In this article, explore what it is, stages of meiosis and importance of meiosis in detail. During the event of meiosis, the chromosome count shrinks to half (cell biology).
Mitosis Overview

What is Mitosis?

In a cell cycle, mitosis is a procedure by which the chromosomes in a cell nucleus divide into two sets of chromosomes. These sets are identical and are safeguarded in individual nucleus.
What is the chromosome theory of inheritance?

What Is The Chromosome Theory Of Inheritance?

Chromosomes are structures known to contain the genetic material in living organisms. But what is the Chromosome Theory of Inheritance? Learn it all here.
Difference between Chromosome and Chromatid

What is the Difference Between Chromosome and Chromatid?

In genetics, the terms 'chromosome' and 'chromatid' are often confused with each other. In this article, learn how to differentiate the two closely-related structures.
Where do stem cells come from?

Where Do Stem Cells Come From?

Stem cells are a group of cells found at specialized sites in the body that have the potential to develop into different cell types but where do stem cells come from? Let's explore what is stem cells, types of stem cells, stem cell origin and their benefits/functions in detail.

Originally derived from the Greek word ‘kytos’ meaning contain, this area of biology strictly deals with the physiological properties of cell, the organelles that present in these, cell structure, the pattern of interaction between cells and cell pathways. The study of cells focuses on both single-celled organisms like bacteria and protozoa to complex, multi-cellular organisms like plants, animals and human bodies. Tracking down the nature of these cells, their functions and similarities and dissimilarities of cells in living organisms are all a part of the course.

What makes cell biology a popular academic choice?

Think about it – what if you were never able to get an ailment traced? Today, you are aware of diseases and their symptoms. There are millions of health professionals at service trying you treat patients from the adversities and lethal impacts of malicious diseases like the Big C, Alzheimer’s disease, cystic fibrosis, meningitis or even malaria. These problems spring in at molecular levels. Therefore, by understanding how cells work and function, cell biologists are able to make new discoveries in the field of medicine.

After analyzing all forms of living organisms like plants, animals and human beings, cell scientists carefully discover a series of advanced drugs, vaccines and sedative to ensure proper cure to a serious ailment. Why just diseases, cell biology has contributed towards the human fertility program. Even forensic teams put cell biology into practice to execute successful solutions like DNA fingerprinting to solve murder or other complex criminal activities.

Cell biologists analyze plants and define their genetic behavior. These work wonders in encouraging the production of better and modified crops.

Is there a career in Cell Biology?

Various career paths open up once you have successfully accomplished a course on cell biology. Some of them are:

    • Cell Culture Specialist
    • Food and Drug Inspector
    • Clinical Researcher
    • Pharmacologist
    • Quality Control Specialist
    • Doctor (check out all types of doctors)
    • Industrial Hygienist


Here are the web resources on cell biology:

BioMolecular Networks Initiative: Cellular Observatory
The Cellular Observatory is a key component of the Biomolecular Networks Initiative at PNNL. This new facility will obtain real-time data on the function of living cells. Unique instruments combined with Proteomics and Virtual Cell facilities enable a new approach to biological research at PNNL – a rapid, integrated approach to address fundamental questions in biology. Link

Cell and Molecular Biology Online
An Informational Resource for Cell and Molecular Biologists. Features resources for biology research and education, including protocols, lab home pages, journals, grants, professional societies, conferences, career information, online courses and biological file. Link

Cell Biology Division of the WWW VL Biosciences
A comprehensive listing of cell biology links divided into the major divisions. Link

Cell Biology Information
This site contains addresses and hints for the active cell biologist and shall help you to get more information for your scientific work. Link

Cell Intelligence
Two professors of cell biology argue that cells are intelligent. Read their hypothesis, methods, and bibliography. Link

FRIZ Biochem: new DNA chips using electrical read out technologies
FRIZ is dedicated to expanding the potential applications of microarrays for genomic screening using new DNA chip technologies. We develop new DNA arrays and produce reliable user-friendly biochips. Link

Jeremias’ Alley
Collection of free Cell Biology resources, organized by subject. Covers a new topic every week! Links to good sites, with descriptions and ranking. The page to visit if you are interested in Cell Biology but don’t have a penny! The already published coverages include Mitochondria, ATP Synthase, Proteasomal and Ubiquitin-related Protein Degradation and Crytochromes. Link

Microarray Station
Learn about microarrays, tissue microarrays, dna protein peptide and antibody microarrays. Protocols and vendors for gene chips. Also contains links to software and bioinformatics for microarray data analysis and statistics. Link

Molecular and Cellular Biology Resource Site
A graduate student resource site listing links for molecular, cellular, developmental and cytoskeletal biology. Link

The Cell web site
Very nice graphical tutorial for cell biology and microbiology. Link

The Kinesin Homepage
A resouce site for information regarding the kinesin motor proteins. Link

Worthington Tissue Dissociation Guide
cell isolation introduction, theory, techniques, and use-tested systems PLUS annotated references searchable by multiple criteria. Link

Cell Biology
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  1. ME Conferences cordially invites all participants across the Globe to attend the 11th Annual Conference on Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine during October 15-16, 2018 at Helsinki, Finland which includes prominent keynote speakers, oral talks, poster presentations and Exhibitions.