Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies cell structure and function, from the most general properties up to the most unique functions found only in specialized cells. It centers on the idea that the cell is the fundamental unit of life. This field promotes studying the cell to have a deeper understanding of the tissues, organs, and organisms that cells compose. In this way, the complexities in all living systems, big or small, are discovered. On this page, we will examine the history of cell biology and all pioneers who have contributed to the study of cells.
The many sub-fields of cell biology focus on various topics, which include how cell energy first emerged in primordial cells, how cells control and release genetic information from the nucleus to the cell cytoplasm (Central Dogma of Molecular Biology), how cells communicate, send signals to, and receive signals from each other, and how cell cycle occurs. Recently, a novel sub-field has emerged—systems biology. In this field, living systems are analyzed within the context of other systems (Bisceglia 2016). The cell biology history is in chronological order.
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- Utah.edu. 2016. PCR. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/labs/pcr/.