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Divisions of Biology: Genetics

If you are interested to survey and know more about heredity, the variation of traits in living organisms and of course genes, pursuing a course in Genetics could work wonders. Did you know that the appearance and structure of an organism directly depends on heredity? Now the question that pops up here is what is heredity? We are pretty much versed about the fact that reproduction is a biological process.

During this process, there occurs a transmission of genes, particularly from a parent cell to a developing embryo. As a result, offspring are expected to inherit genes, similar to that of their biological parents.

Think about it – When cuddling an adorable infant, do you often go wow about the baby’s appearance and make statements like his hair is just as good as his mother or her eyes are identical to her father? Well, these statements are absolutely true. Due to the transmission of genes, offspring develops a few traits similar to their parents.

Genetics is a branch of science that deals with the study of information on heredity, DNA control functions, genes, biological functions of cell, expression patterns of genes, also known as ‘Microarray Technology’ and molecular biology. Geneticists focus on areas like evolution, population and bioinformatics.

Genetically Modified Foods Disadvantages

6 Major Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods

In the continuing battle for hunger, food production has really gotten more technologically improved through the years. Hence the production of food that are said to be “genetically modified”, like the ones previously mentioned. Here are 6 major disadvantages of genetically modified foods.
Genetic Engineering Pros and Cons

13 Important Genetic Engineering Pros And Cons

Though the field of Genetics & Biotechnology has helped us in the better understanding of genes, here are 13 comprehensive Genetic Engineering Pros & Cons.
History of Genetics

History of Genetics

Genetics is the science of heredity & variation. This page explores the History of Genetics and important events around the subject of genetics from start.
Genetic Testing Pros & Cons

12 Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing

Here are 12 Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing. Find out what is, why it is needed, Advantages & Disadvantages of it and how accurate it can be before taking one.
Autosomal Recessive Inheritance

Autosomal Recessive Inheritance: Principles, Patterns, & Associated Disorders

Autosomal recessive inheritance is a condition when carrier parents have a 25% chance of having a child affected with a particular genetic condition.
The Founder Effect

Mechanisms Of Evolutionary Change: The Founder Effect

Discover here what the Founder effect is and how it is used to describe the origins of new species (that are genetically distinct) from larger populations.
Difference between Chromosome and Chromatid

What is the Difference Between Chromosome and Chromatid?

In genetics, the terms 'chromosome' and 'chromatid' are often confused with each other. In this article, learn how to differentiate the two closely-related structures.
Building Blocks Of Nucleic Acids Diagram

Nucleotides: Building Blocks of Nucleic Acids

Nucleotides are the building blocks of the nucleic acids namely DNA and RNA. Explore these building blocks, their structures, functions, and biological importance.
DNA Testing Service

Exploring Your Genes: The Best DNA Testing Service

Looking for the best DNA testing service for tracing ancestry? Learn different types of DNA testing and the best DNA testing service to explore your genes.
Homologous Chromosomes

What Is A Homologous Chromosome?

Chromosomes are structures that bear DNA but what is a homologous chromosome & how they behave inside the cell during Mitosis, Meiosis & Non-Disjunction processes.
Pros and cons of cloning

Top 7 Pros and Cons of Cloning

Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a single cell or an entire living organism. Each clone bears the same sets of genetic material in the nucleus of every cell. In this page, learn more top 7 pros and cons of cloning, and decide whether this scientific endeavor is worth the risks.
Can Animals Have Down Syndrome?

Can Animals Have Down Syndrome?

Animals and humans can share a host of different diseases and illnesses. Although they may manifest and present differently in the two, animals too can acquire genetic disorders. Can animals have down syndrome? Explore the answers with various reports here.
Genetic Determinism

What is Genetic Determinism?

An emerging idea in the field of genetics called Genetic Determinism (Biological Determinism) is a concept that entertains the belief that human behavior is governed and controlled by the action of genes, and bypasses the role the environment plays. Learn definition, history, types & concepts of Genetic Determinism.
designer babies pros and cons

Designer Babies Pros and Cons

About four decades ago, the first ever test tube baby was created using the process of IVF. Like any scientific innovations, the technology of creating designer babies has a wide variety of promising advantages and at the same time possible disadvantages too. Explore the designer babies pros and cons here.
Woolly Mammoth Clone

Woolly Mammoth Clone Project: Can It Be Resurrected?

According to studies, the planet is now in the midst of mass extinction for the sixth time. Among many species in the animal kingdom, the Woolly Mammoth and the Passenger Pigeon are the top priority for resurrection in the science communities. Explore the Woolly Mammoth Clone project goals and drawbacks here.
gene therapy pros and cons

Top 20 Gene Therapy Pros and Cons

Gene therapy is involved in the replacement of a defective gene with a healthy gene (Gene Augmentation). Find top 20 Gene therapy pros and cons from various perspectives.
Genetics News in 2018

Top 25 Most Recent Genetic Discoveries in 2018

The year 2018 has seen another ground-breaking advancement year in the field of Genetics. In this article, we will explore the top 25 genetics discoveries in 2018.
best genetics textbooks

Top 12 Best Genetics Textbooks

To understand the intricacies of Genetics, the students need top textbooks to accompany their learning. Here are the top 12 best genetics textbooks to consider.
Genetics Discoveries of 2019

Top 10 BEST Genetics Discoveries of 2019

Genetics is a science that studies the most well-kept secrets of life. Here are the top exciting 10 Genetics Discoveries of 2019.
Genetics News of 2020

Top 10 Genetics News of 2020

Genetics in 2020 also came to the forefront of science because tracing the virus variants was crucial. Here are the top 10 genetics news of 2020 reviewed.

What will you study on taking up a course on Genetics?

To become literate in the subject of Genetics, you will have to gain insight on a variety of subjects. Some of them include:

  • Introductory information on genetics. Its concept and meaning.
  • Facts on DNA Anatomy and how to do it.
  • Limelight on the basics of population genetics.
  • An idea about Genotyping.
  • Relations and correlations between Genotype and Phenotype.
  • Description of terminologies, methodologies and technologies related to the study of modern genetics.
  • Concepts about trait genetics. How to study and understand the complexity of traits and their patterns?

Gregor Mendel also popular as the “Father of Genetics” created theories after observing patterns by which traits are handed down from parents to offspring. He first conducted an experiment on pea plants. However, after years of scientific analysis, Genetics has evolved from a study about genes to a multidisciplinary subject applicable on all living organisms including bacteria and plants. From clinical research to the study of population, Genetics is deemed as a crucial branch of science.

Department of Energy Human Genome Program
The Human Genome Program of the Department of Energy is focused on reaching the goals of the U.S. Human Genome Project in cooperation with the extramural division of the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Link

ECOGENICS GmbH – molecular marker services
ECOGENICS develops molecular tools for the genetic analysis of fungi, plants and animals. We provide custom-made solutions to facilitate research projects. Link

Articles and software related to genetic engineering and genetics. Link

Genetics Division of the WWW VL Biosciences
The WWW Virtual Library has a comprehensive list of genetic resource links which are categorized by species. Link

Genetics Education Center
The Genetics Education Center is for educators interested in human genetics and the human genome project. Resources on the human genome project, curricula, lesson plans, books, videotapes, and other resources are included, as well as information on a mentor network, genetic conditions, genetic careers, and glossaries. The site is maintained by Medical Genetics, University of Kansas Medical Center. Link

Do genes determine champions? Genetic information about athletes predisposition to illness and injury. Genetic engineering to create “super-athletes”. Gene therapy and tissue engineering in sports medicine. Link

The GenomeWeb is the authoritative collection of the best genome related sites on the Web. Link

Genomics and Bioinformatics Group
The Genomics & Bioinformatics Group (GBG) web site offers useful bioinformatic program packages, microarray data analysis information, and molecular databases for genomic and proteomic research. Link

Human Genome Project Information
The main homepage for Human Genome Project information –what the project is; its progress, history, and goals; what issues are associated with genome research; frequently asked questions, the science behind the project; who its sponsors are. Link

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) is an effort to computerize current knowledge of molecular and cellular biology in terms of the information pathways that consist of interacting molecules or genes and to provide links from the gene catalogs produced by genome sequencing projects. The KEGG project is being undertaken in the Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University as part of the Japanese Human Genome Program. Link

A list of current genome sequencing projects with links to their respective researching facility. Link

Maize Genetics COOP Stock Center
A repository for maize mutants utilized by scientists conducting biological research. Order genetic stocks and obtain information about maize mutants. Link

The DNA Learning Center web
The DNA Learning Center web page contains a wide variety of online DNA resources as well as information on our many workshops, field trips, courses and products. Link

The Euro-MRX consortium: groundbreaking research into Mental Retardation
The Euro-MRX Project carries out research into the genetic causes of X-linked mental retardation. The goal is to identify new genes associated with MRX and to improve diagnostic techniques. Link

The Interactive Fly
Website maintained by the Society of Developmental Biology containing information regarding Drosophila genes and their roles in development. Link

TIGR Microbial Database
A listing of microbial genomes and chromosomes completed and in progress. Link

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