Peru Monkeys


    Peru Monkeys

    Peru is a tropical country in western South America, known for its beautiful landscapes, vast flora, and fauna.

    Peru is home to 52 species of New-World monkeys; 13 of the species are endemic to the nation. Examples of these monkey species that can only be found in Peru include:

    • The Rio Mayo titi monkey (Plecturocebus oenanthe)
    • The equatorial saki (Pithecia aequatorialis)
    • The Andean saddle-back tamarin (Leontocebus leucogenys)

    It is also interesting to note that in 2016, four fossil monkey teeth were found in the Peruvian portion of the Amazon Rainforest[1].

    This discovery was further evidence for the theory that more than one group of primates traveled the Atlantic Ocean from the continent of Africa (suggesting that South American primates are all descended from African primates).

    Peru Monkeys

    Here are the various types of monkeys native to Peru.

    Andean Night Monkey

    Andean Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus miconax
    Native Countries: Peru
    Andean night monkeys are a genus Aotus, commonly known as nocturnal monkeys or the Peruvian night monkey. Species in this genus are the only truly nocturnal monkeys in the world. Andean night monkeys are not sexually dimorphic as males and females look very similar.

    Andean Saddle-back Tamarin

    Species Name: Leontocebus leucogenys
    Native Countries: Peru,Bolivia,Colombia,Brazil,Ecuador
    The Andean saddle tamarin, also known as the saddleback tamarin (formerly known as the brown-mantled tamarin), is a New World monkey species. Andean saddleback monkeys are considered "phyletic dwarfs," meaning their small size is related to their evolutionary development.

    Azara’s Night Monkey

    Species Name: Aotus azarae
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Paraguay,Brazil,Peru,Argentina
    Azara's night monkeys, also known as southern night monkeys and Azara's owl monkeys, are native to the Gran Chaco region of South America, a vast area with many different ecosystems, from savannas to grasslands to dry spiny forests and gallery forests. Genetic testing has shown that the males of this species mated pairs are the fathers of the babies they care for.

    Bald Uakari

    Species Name: Cacajao calvus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Colombia
    The bald uakari is an Amazon primate with special traits: it has a glossy red bald face, a short tail, and reddish fur. This monkey is highly specialized and is mainly found in palm habitats. The conspicuous crimson color is caused by blood flow under the skin, specifically a thinner epidermis with a higher concentration of capillaries on the face.

    Black Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles paniscus
    Native Countries: Brazil,French Guiana,Guyana,Peru,Bolivia
    Ateles paniscus, the black spider monkey, is one of three sub-species of spider monkeys. Aside from the face, feet, and hands, they are covered in jet-black hair longer than a typical primate. Of all the Ateles species, Ateles paniscus is the largest.

    Black-capped Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri boliviensis
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Peru
    The black-capped squirrel monkey is a New-World primate species endemic to the upper Amazon basin in Bolivia, eastern Peru, and western Brazil. Primarily, black-capped squirrel monkeys are arboreal and found in native and plantation forests and some managed areas close to running water.

    Coppery Titi

    Species Name: Plecturocebus cupreus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru,Bolivia
    The coppery titi, or the red titi, is a species of titi, a type of New-World monkey native to South America. Coppery titi monkeys have dense fur that covers most of the body except for the face.

    Emperor Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus imperator
    Native Countries: Peru,Bolivia
    The Emperor Tamarin is a species of tamarin named for its resemblance to the German Kaiser Wilhelm II. It lives in the states of Acre and Amazonas, western Brazil, and the southwestern Amazon basin.

    Geoffroy’s Monk Saki

    Species Name: Pithecia monachus
    Native Countries: Brazil,Peru
    Geoffroy's monk saki, also called monk saki, is a species of saki monkey, a New-World primate native to South America. A monk saki is one of seven species of New-World arboreal monkeys with a bushy, feathery tail.

    Goeldi’s Monkey

    Species Name: Callimico goeldii
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    Goeldi marmoset or Goeldi monkey is a small South American New-World monkey living in the upper Amazon basin region of Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. Goeldi marmosets generally stay less than 5 meters from the forest floor, moving to higher elevations for fruit.

    Humboldt’s Squirrel Monkey

    Species Name: Saimiri cassiquiarensis
    Native Countries: Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Venezuela
    Humboldt's squirrel monkey (Saimiri cassiquiarensis) is a species of squirrel monkey found in South America's tropical rainforests, except for the coastal forests of southeastern Brazil.

    Humboldt’s White Capuchin

    Species Name: Cebus albifrons
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Venezuela,Ecuador,Peru,Trinidad and Tobago
    Humboldt's white capuchins, also known as white-fronted capuchins, are a species of New-World monkeys and one of the smallest capuchin groups. Humboldt’s squirrel monkeys are usually led by a dominant male and female.

    Humboldt’s Woolly Monkey

    Species Name: Lagothrix lagothricha
    Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Bolivia,Brazil,Venezuela
    Humboldt's woolly monkey, common woolly monkey, or brown woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) is a woolly monkey endemic to South America. Humboldt's woolly monkeys can show subtle mood swings and intentions with various facial expressions.

    Moustached Tamarin

    Species Name: Saguinus mystax
    Native Countries: Peru,Brazil
    Moustached tamarins, also known as black-chested moustached tamarins and Spyx's moustached tamarins, are native to Peru and Brazil. These monkeys are found in all strata of the lowland Amazon rainforest. The moustached tamarin gets its name from the lack of coloration in the facial hair around the mouth, which resembles a mustache.

    Peruvian Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles chamek
    Native Countries: Peru,Brazil,Bolivia
    Peruvian spider monkeys, like other Ateles species, have a prehensile tail that can be used to facilitate brachiation. Typically, Peruvian spider monkeys have completely black fur and complexions, unlike the lighter red-faced black spider monkey.

    Pygmy Marmoset

    Species Name: Cebuella pygmaea
    Native Countries: Bolivia,Brazil,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru
    The pygmy marmoset (smallest monkey), genus Cebuella, is a small genus of New-World monkeys endemic to the tropical rainforests of the western Amazon Basin in South America. Pygmy marmosets are also highly territorial, using scent glands to mark territories of up to 100 hectares.

    Red Howler Monkey

    Species Name: Alouatta seniculus
    Native Countries: Venezuela,Colombia,Ecuador,Peru,Brazil
    The Colombian red howler or Venezuelan red howler is a South American species of howler monkey, a New World species of monkey found in the western Amazon basin. Colombian red howler monkeys live in relatively large social groups composed of around 10 individuals, with just one or possibly two of the individuals being male.

    White-bellied Spider Monkey

    Species Name: Ateles belzebuth
    Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Venezuela,Peru,Brazil
    The white-bellied spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth), also called the long-haired or white-fronted spider monkey, is an endangered species of spider monkey, a species of New-World monkey. These arboreal monkeys spend most of their time in the canopy. They rarely go down. When they do, they drink water, eat dirt, traverse a treeless area, or run away from an aggressive opponent.

    Cite This Page

    APA7MLA8Chicago
    BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Peru Monkeys. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/peru/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Peru Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/peru/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Peru Monkeys" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/peru/.
    Key References
    • [1]“Ancient teeth from Peru hint that now-extinct monkeys crossed the Atlantic from Africa | Beta site for NSF – National Science Foundation”. Accessed August 27, 2022. Link.

    LEAVE A REPLY

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here