Illiger's Saddle-Back Tamarin

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Callitrichidae Leontocebus Leontocebus illigeri
IUCN Status: Nearly-Threatened
  • Common Name: Illiger’s Saddle-back Tamarin
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1845
  • Monkey Size: 175 to 205 cm (6.9 to 8.1 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brown
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Peru

Illiger’s Saddle-back Tamarin Distribution

Illiger’s Saddle-Back Tamarin Characteristics

Illiger’s saddleback tamarin[1] (Leontocebus illigeri) is a species of saddleback tamarin, a type of small monkey native to South America.

  • Illiger’s saddleback tamarin was formerly considered a subspecies of brown-mantled tamarin (Leontocebus fuscicollis).
  • Like most other tamarin monkeys, Illiger’s saddleback tamarin is small.
  • Their head and body length are between 17.5 centimeters (6.9 inches) and 20.5 centimeters (8.1 inches), with a tail length of between 30 centimeters (12 inches) and 30.5 centimeters (12.0 inches).
  • Male species weigh around 292 grams (10.3 ounces), and females weigh around 296 grams (10.4 ounces).
  • Illiger’s saddleback tamarins are distinguished by the saddle-shaped patch of agouti fur on their sides, neck, arms, and legs.

Illiger’s Saddle-Back Tamarin Facts

  • Illiger’s saddleback tamarin is native to the Peruvian Amazon, and its type locality is in Loreto, Peru, on the left bank of the lower Ucayali River.
  • They are arboreal and diurnal, spending most of their time in the lower layers of the forest (below 11 m or 36 feet).
  • The male Illiger’s saddleback tamarin contributes much to parental care, with males carrying and preening more babies than females.
  • Because of their small size, these tamarins are preyed on by large carnivores in the forest. Some animals that hunt this monkey are wild cats, birds of prey, wolves, dogs, and snakes.
  • The IUCN classifies Illiger’s saddleback tamarin as near threatened from a conservation perspective.

Suggested Reading: Fascinating Monkey Species

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, January 31). Illiger’s Saddle-Back Tamarin. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/illigers-saddle-back-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Illiger’s Saddle-Back Tamarin" Bio Explorer, 31 January 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/illigers-saddle-back-tamarin/.
BioExplorer.net. "Illiger’s Saddle-Back Tamarin" Bio Explorer, January 31 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/illigers-saddle-back-tamarin/.
Key References
  • [1]“Morphological Comparisons of Five Species of Tamarins in Peru
    . Accessed December 14, 2022. Link.

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