Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys


    Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys

    Congo Monkeys: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the second-largest African country, is known for its vast biodiversity and natural resources.

    Congo is also home to 35 Old World monkeys, with 18 endemic species. Some examples of these endemic species include the golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster), the wolf’s monkey (Cercopithecus wolfi), and the Ulindi river red colobus (Piliocolobus lulindicus).

    In 2007, a new species of medium-sized monkey–the lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis) was discovered in Congo[1]. It is believed that the species had evaded all scientific radar until then due to its remote habitat (the forests in the middle Lomami Basin)[2].

    Interestingly, the lesula was just the second new African monkey species to be discovered in over twenty-eight years[3].

    Congo Monkeys

    Here are the monkeys living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Agile Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus agilis
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Democratic Republic of Congo,Central African Republic
    The Agile Mangabey is another Old-World monkey of the White-Eylid Mangabey group mainly found in swampy forests. Due to habitat loss, mangabeys are now listed as endangered, both male and female.

    Allen’s Swamp Monkey

    Species Name: Allenopithecus nigroviridis
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo
    Allen's swamp monkeys are small, stocky monkeys with gray to brown fur and long tails. These highly social primates live in the swamp forests of central Africa, where they mostly spend their time in the trees. It was named after Joel Asaph Allen, an American zoologist.

    Angolan Colobus

    Species Name: Colobus angolensis
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Burundi,Uganda,Kenya,Tanzania
    The Angolan Colobus is a conspicuously-patterned monkey with a very long tail that helps it maintain its balance as it moves quickly through the trees. Although the species is named after Angola, it's rare in this country.

    Black colobus

    Native Countries: Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo
    The black colobus, also known as satanic black colobus, is a species of Old-World monkey in the Colobus genus. The black colobus is the oldest of the 5 recognized species in the genus Colobus and is said to have diverged 3 to 4 million years ago.

    Black-crested mangabey

    Species Name: Lophocebus aterrimus
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Angola
    Black-crested mangabeys, also known as black mangabeys, are endemic to central Africa, occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo, south of the Congo River (formerly known as the Zaire River), and likely extinct in Angola. They are mainly found in primary and secondary tropical forests, gallery forests, and swamps. Locals nicknamed these primates "baboon mangabeys" due to their resemblance to the baboon species.

    Bonobo

    Species Name: Pan paniscus
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The bonobo (Pan paniscus) is a great ape in danger of extinction. It is one of two species that make up the Pan genus, the other being Pan troglodytes - the common chimpanzee. Bonobos are both arboreal and terrestrial. Most floor movements are characterized by knuckle quadrupedal walking.

    Bouvier’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus bouvieri
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    Bouvier's Red Colobus was rediscovered in 2015 in the Republic of Congo after four decades without confirmed sightings. These African primates live in the swampy forests surrounding the Congo River, between the mouths of the Oubangui and Alima rivers.

    Collared Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus torquatus
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Nigeria
    The collared mangabey, also called the white-collared mangabey or red-capped mangabey, is an Old-World monkey endemic to the Atlantic coast of central and west Africa. Its distinctive chestnut-red cap gives the species the name red-capped mangabey, and its white collar gives it the names white-collared and collared mangabey.

    Common Chimpanzee

    Species Name: Pan troglodytes
    Native Countries: Sierra Leone,Angola,Tanzania,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The chimpanzee, also known simply as the chimp, is a species of great ape native to the forests and savannas of tropical Africa. Chimpanzees and humans are thought to have a common ancestor that lived about eight million years ago.

    Crested Mona Monkey

    Species Name: Cercopithecus pogonias
    Native Countries: Nigeria,Cameroon,Angola,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The crested mona monkey, also called the golden-bellied monkey, golden-bellied guenon, or crowned guenon, is a species of African primate in the Cercopithecidae family in west-central Africa. Like many species of Cercopithecus, the crested mona monkey has large cheek pouches that it fills with seeds and fruit while foraging for food.

    Eastern Gorilla

    Species Name: Gorilla beringei
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Rwanda,Uganda
    The eastern gorilla is an endangered species of the Gorilla genus and the largest living primate, with an average length of 150 cm for females and 185 cm for males. Eastern gorillas live in stable and cohesive family groups led by a dominant silverback male.

    Foa’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus foai
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    Foa's Red Colobus or Central African red colobus is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Generally, these African primates are found in large groups of 20 to 90 individuals.

    Gabon Talapoin

    Species Name: Miopithecus ogouensis
    Native Countries: Gabon,Cameroon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Gabon talapoin, also called the northern talapoin, is a small species of African primate endemic to riverine habitats in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, the far western Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the western Republic of the Congo.

    Golden-Bellied Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus chrysogaster
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster) is a gregarious Old-World monkey found in humid, swampy forests south of the Congo River. Golden-bellied mangabeys are a migratory and social species, moving in groups of 8 to 30 members.

    Hamlyn’s Monkey

    Species Name: Cercopithecus hamlyni
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Hamlyn's monkey (Cercopithecus hamlyni), also called the owl-faced monkey, is an Old World monkey inhabiting the Congo's bamboo and primary rain forests. Hamlyn's monkeys have unique feet and hands in elongated phalanges.

    Kinda Baboon

    Species Name: Papio kindae
    Native Countries: Angola,Democratic Republic of Congo,Zambia,Tanzania
    The Kinda baboon (Papio kindae) is a species of baboon found in the Miombo forests of Angola, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and possibly western Tanzania. The species is named after the town in the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    L’hoest Monkey

    Species Name: Allochrocebus lhoesti
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The L'Hoest monkey (Allocrocebus lhoesti), or mountain monkey, is a vervet monkey found in the upper eastern Congo Basin. L'Hoest monkeys live in relatively small groups, are dominated by females, and have only one male.

    Lang’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus langi
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    Lang's red colobus (Piliocolobus langi) is another species of red colobus monkey. Historically, it was treated as a subspecies of the Central African red colobus (Piliocolobus foai). Still, more recent taxonomies generally treat it as a distinct species.

    Lomami Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus parmentieri
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Lomami red colobus (Piliocolobus parmentieri) is native to central Africa. The Lomani red colobus monkey has a restricted range in the lowland rainforest between the Lomani River and the Lualaba River in the central Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Malbrouck

    Species Name: Chlorocebus cynosuros
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Namibia,Zambia
    The Malbrouck (Chlorocebus cynosuros) is an Old-World primate from Africa that belongs to the Chlorocebus genus. The species is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the green monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) or the common grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops).

    Mandrill

    Species Name: Mandrillus sphinx
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Gabon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old-World monkey family (Cercopithecidae). It is among the two species in the Mandrillus genus and drill. Groups of mandrills can vary from a few individuals to 50 individuals.

    Moustached Guenon

    Species Name: Cercopithecus cephus
    Native Countries: Angola,Cameroon,Central African Republic,Democratic Republic of Congo,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon
    The mustached monkey or moustached guenon (Cercopithecus cephus) is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family. Moustached monkeys take regular paths through the branches, with each monkey following the next along the same path.

    Oustalet’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus oustaleti
    Native Countries: Sudan,Central African Republic,Democratic Republic of Congo
    (Piliocolobus oustaleti) is another species of red colobus that lives in various forest types in the southern Central African Republic, southern South Sudan, northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and northeastern Congo.

    Pennant’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus pennantii
    Native Countries: Equatorial Guinea,Nigeria,Democratic Republic of Congo
    Pennant's Colobus or Pennant's Red Colobus (Piliocolobus pennantii) is a species of arboreal primate in the Cercopithecidae family. Like other red colobus monkeys, the Pennant's red colobus lives in flocks that may consist of 12 to 80 individuals occupying a territory of 25 to 150 hectares.

    Schmidt’s Red-tailed Monkey

    Species Name: Cercopithecus ascanius
    Native Countries: Angola,Cameroon,Central African Republic,Democratic Republic of Congo,Kenya,Rwanda,Sudan,Tanzania,Uganda,Zambia,Burundi
    The Schmidt's red-tailed monkey, also called the red-tailed guenon, Schmidt's guenon, or black-cheeked white-nosed monkey is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family. The Schmidt's red-tailed monkey is named for its red coloration on the underside of its tail, as well as the bicolor coloration of its tail as the reddish color increases from the base to the tip.

    Semliki Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus semlikiensis
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Uganda
    The Semliki red colobus (Piliocolobus semlikiensis) is native to central Africa. The Semliki red colobus lives in the ironwood forest of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo between the Rwenzori Mountains and the Semliki River valley.

    Tantalus Monkey

    Species Name: Chlorocebus tantalus
    Native Countries: Benin,Burkina Faso,Cameroon,Central African Republic,Chad,Democratic Republic of Congo,Ghana,Kenya,Niger,Nigeria,Sudan,Togo,Uganda
    The tantalus monkey (Chlorocebus tantalus) is an Old World monkey endemic to Africa, ranging from Ghana to Sudan. It was initially described as a subspecies of Grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops). Tantalus monkeys are very similar to vervet monkeys but are smaller in size.

    Thollon’s Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus tholloni
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Thollon's red colobus (Piliocolobus tholloni), also called the Tshuapa red colobus, is native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Lower Republic of the Congo. It was recognized as a separate species by Dandelot in 1974, followed by Groves in 2001.

    Ulindi River Red Colobus

    Species Name: Piliocolobus lulindicus
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Ulindi River red colobus (Piliocolobus lulindicus) is native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This Red Colobus species is named after the Ulindi River.

    Western Gorilla

    Species Name: Gorilla gorilla
    Native Countries: Central African Republic,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Nigeria,Democratic Republic of Congo,Angola
    Western gorillas also known as lowland gorillas, are herbivorous, primarily terrestrial apes that inhabit equatorial Africa's tropical rainforests. Like humans, western gorillas do not have a set breeding season, and female species menstruate every 28 days.

    Wolf’s Mona Monkey

    Species Name: Cercopithecus wolfi
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Uganda
    The Wolf's mona monkey (Cercopithecus wolfi), also called the wolf monkey, is a colorful Old-World monkey in the Cercopithecidae family. Wolf's mona monkeys have huge cheek pouches.

    Cite This Page

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    BioExplorer.net. (2022, November 30). Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 30 November 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys" Bio Explorer, November 30 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    Key References
    • [1]“In Congo, a rare find — a new species of monkey | YaleNews”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.
    • [2]“Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin | PLOS ONE”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.
    • [3]“Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin – PMC”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.

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