Congo Monkeys: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the second-largest African country, is known for its vast biodiversity and natural resources.
Congo is also home to 35 Old World monkeys, with 18 endemic species. Some examples of these endemic species include the golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster), the wolf’s monkey (Cercopithecus wolfi), and the Ulindi river red colobus (Piliocolobus lulindicus).
In 2007, a new species of medium-sized monkey–the lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis) was discovered in Congo. It is believed that the species had evaded all scientific radar until then due to its remote habitat (the forests in the middle Lomami Basin).
Interestingly, the lesula was just the second new African monkey species to be discovered in over twenty-eight years.
Here are the monkeys living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Species Name: Allenopithecus nigroviridis Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo
Allen's swamp monkeys are small, stocky monkeys with gray to brown fur and long tails. These highly social primates live in the swamp forests of central Africa, where they mostly spend their time in the trees. It was named after Joel Asaph Allen, an American zoologist.
Species Name: Colobus angolensis Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Burundi,Uganda,Kenya,Tanzania
The Angolan Colobus is a conspicuously-patterned monkey with a very long tail that helps it maintain its balance as it moves quickly through the trees. Although the species is named after Angola, it's rare in this country.
Native Countries: Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo
The black colobus, also known as satanic black colobus, is a species of Old-World monkey in the Colobus genus. The black colobus is the oldest of the 5 recognized species in the genus Colobus and is said to have diverged 3 to 4 million years ago.
Species Name: Lophocebus aterrimus Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Angola
Black-crested mangabeys, also known as black mangabeys, are endemic to central Africa, occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo, south of the Congo River (formerly known as the Zaire River), and likely extinct in Angola. They are mainly found in primary and secondary tropical forests, gallery forests, and swamps. Locals nicknamed these primates "baboon mangabeys" due to their resemblance to the baboon species.
Species Name: Cercocebus torquatus Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Nigeria
The collared mangabey, also called the white-collared mangabey or red-capped mangabey, is an Old-World monkey endemic to the Atlantic coast of central and west Africa. Its distinctive chestnut-red cap gives the species the name red-capped mangabey, and its white collar gives it the names white-collared and collared mangabey.
Species Name: Cercopithecus pogonias Native Countries: Nigeria,Cameroon,Angola,Democratic Republic of Congo
The crested mona monkey, also called the golden-bellied monkey, golden-bellied guenon, or crowned guenon, is a species of African primate in the Cercopithecidae family in west-central Africa. Like many species of Cercopithecus, the crested mona monkey has large cheek pouches that it fills with seeds and fruit while foraging for food.
Species Name: Miopithecus ogouensis Native Countries: Gabon,Cameroon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
The Gabon talapoin, also called the northern talapoin, is a small species of African primate endemic to riverine habitats in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, the far western Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the western Republic of the Congo.
Species Name: Cercocebus chrysogaster Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
The golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster) is a gregarious Old-World monkey found in humid, swampy forests south of the Congo River. Golden-bellied mangabeys are a migratory and social species, moving in groups of 8 to 30 members.
Species Name: Chlorocebus cynosuros Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Namibia,Zambia
The Malbrouck (Chlorocebus cynosuros) is an Old-World primate from Africa that belongs to the Chlorocebus genus. The species is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the green monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) or the common grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops).
Species Name: Mandrillus sphinx Native Countries: Cameroon,Gabon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old-World monkey family (Cercopithecidae). It is among the two species in the Mandrillus genus and drill. Groups of mandrills can vary from a few individuals to 50 individuals.