Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys


    Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys

    Congo Monkeys: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the second-largest African country, is known for its vast biodiversity and natural resources.

    Congo is also home to 35 Old World monkeys, with 18 endemic species. Some examples of these endemic species include the golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster), the wolf’s monkey (Cercopithecus wolfi), and the Ulindi river red colobus (Piliocolobus lulindicus).

    In 2007, a new species of medium-sized monkey–the lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis) was discovered in Congo[1]. It is believed that the species had evaded all scientific radar until then due to its remote habitat (the forests in the middle Lomami Basin)[2].

    Interestingly, the lesula was just the second new African monkey species to be discovered in over twenty-eight years[3].

    Congo Monkeys

    Here are the monkeys living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Agile Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus agilis
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Democratic Republic of Congo,Central African Republic
    The Agile Mangabey is another Old-World monkey of the White-Eylid Mangabey group mainly found in swampy forests. Due to habitat loss, mangabeys are now listed as endangered, both male and female.

    Allen’s Swamp Monkey

    Species Name: Allenopithecus nigroviridis
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo
    Allen's swamp monkeys are small, stocky monkeys with gray to brown fur and long tails. These highly social primates live in the swamp forests of central Africa, where they mostly spend their time in the trees. It was named after Joel Asaph Allen, an American zoologist.

    Angolan Colobus

    Species Name: Colobus angolensis
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Burundi,Uganda,Kenya,Tanzania
    The Angolan Colobus is a conspicuously-patterned monkey with a very long tail that helps it maintain its balance as it moves quickly through the trees. Although the species is named after Angola, it's rare in this country.

    Black colobus

    Native Countries: Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo
    The black colobus, also known as satanic black colobus, is a species of Old-World monkey in the Colobus genus. The black colobus is the oldest of the 5 recognized species in the genus Colobus and is said to have diverged 3 to 4 million years ago.

    Black-crested mangabey

    Species Name: Lophocebus aterrimus
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Angola
    Black-crested mangabeys, also known as black mangabeys, are endemic to central Africa, occupying the Democratic Republic of the Congo, south of the Congo River (formerly known as the Zaire River), and likely extinct in Angola. They are mainly found in primary and secondary tropical forests, gallery forests, and swamps. Locals nicknamed these primates "baboon mangabeys" due to their resemblance to the baboon species.

    Collared Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus torquatus
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Democratic Republic of Congo,Equatorial Guinea,Gabon,Nigeria
    The collared mangabey, also called the white-collared mangabey or red-capped mangabey, is an Old-World monkey endemic to the Atlantic coast of central and west Africa. Its distinctive chestnut-red cap gives the species the name red-capped mangabey, and its white collar gives it the names white-collared and collared mangabey.

    Crested Mona Monkey

    Species Name: Cercopithecus pogonias
    Native Countries: Nigeria,Cameroon,Angola,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The crested mona monkey, also called the golden-bellied monkey, golden-bellied guenon, or crowned guenon, is a species of African primate in the Cercopithecidae family in west-central Africa. Like many species of Cercopithecus, the crested mona monkey has large cheek pouches that it fills with seeds and fruit while foraging for food.

    Gabon Talapoin

    Species Name: Miopithecus ogouensis
    Native Countries: Gabon,Cameroon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The Gabon talapoin, also called the northern talapoin, is a small species of African primate endemic to riverine habitats in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, the far western Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the western Republic of the Congo.

    Golden-Bellied Mangabey

    Species Name: Cercocebus chrysogaster
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo
    The golden-bellied mangabey (Cercocebus chrysogaster) is a gregarious Old-World monkey found in humid, swampy forests south of the Congo River. Golden-bellied mangabeys are a migratory and social species, moving in groups of 8 to 30 members.

    Malbrouck

    Species Name: Chlorocebus cynosuros
    Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo,Namibia,Zambia
    The Malbrouck (Chlorocebus cynosuros) is an Old-World primate from Africa that belongs to the Chlorocebus genus. The species is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the green monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) or the common grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops).

    Mandrill

    Species Name: Mandrillus sphinx
    Native Countries: Cameroon,Gabon,Equatorial Guinea,Democratic Republic of Congo
    The mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old-World monkey family (Cercopithecidae). It is among the two species in the Mandrillus genus and drill. Groups of mandrills can vary from a few individuals to 50 individuals.

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    BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    BioExplorer.net. "Democratic Republic of the Congo Monkeys" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/congo/.
    Key References
    • [1]“In Congo, a rare find — a new species of monkey | YaleNews”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.
    • [2]“Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin | PLOS ONE”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.
    • [3]“Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin – PMC”. Accessed August 28, 2022. Link.

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