Bouvier's Red Colobus

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus Piliocolobus bouvieri
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Bouvier’s Red Colobus
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1887
  • Monkey Size: 53 to 63 cm (21 to 25 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brownish-red
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Distribution

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Characteristics

Bouvier’s red colobus[1] was rediscovered in 2015 in the Republic of Congo after four decades without confirmed sightings.

  • Bouvier’s red colobus has a lighter reddish-brown coat on its body than its closest relative, Bioko’s red colobus (Piliocolobus pennantii pennantii).
  • Its head sports a patch of black to chocolate brown pelage smaller than Bioko’s red colobus. A band of black fur stretches from above the eyes to the temples.
  • The monkey’s eyes are surrounded by large pinkish circles. Bouvier’s red colobus’ tail is long compared to its small body and is dark brown at the root, fading to brownish-red at the tip.
  • The pelage on the underside of the species is lighter than that on the back.

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Facts

  • Bouvier’s red colobus monkeys show significant facial variation between individuals, ranging from a light flesh color with blackish cheeks and eyebrows to darker shading over the entire face except for the lips and nose.
  • Bouvier’s red colobus lives in the swampy forests surrounding the Congo River, between the mouths of the Oubangui and Alima rivers.
  • It shows no fear of humans, making it an easy target for bushmeat hunters.
  • They have a long tail used for balance only and are non-prehensile.
  • Like other red colobuses, the Bouvier red colobus lives in groups that may consist of 12 to 80 individuals and occupy a territory of 25 to 150 hectares.

Suggested Reading: Types of Monkeys

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, November 29). Bouvier’s Red Colobus. Bio Explorer. "Bouvier’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, 29 November 2023, "Bouvier’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, November 29 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Red colobus (Piliocolobus) conservation action plan 2021-2026”. Accessed November 25, 2022. Link.


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