Bouvier's Red Colobus

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus Piliocolobus bouvieri
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Bouvier’s Red Colobus
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1887
  • Monkey Size: 53 to 63 cm (21 to 25 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brownish-red
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Distribution

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Characteristics

Bouvier’s red colobus[1] was rediscovered in 2015 in the Republic of Congo after four decades without confirmed sightings.

  • Bouvier’s red colobus has a lighter reddish-brown coat on its body than its closest relative, Bioko’s red colobus (Piliocolobus pennantii pennantii).
  • Its head sports a patch of black to chocolate brown pelage smaller than Bioko’s red colobus. A band of black fur stretches from above the eyes to the temples.
  • The monkey’s eyes are surrounded by large pinkish circles. Bouvier’s red colobus’ tail is long compared to its small body and is dark brown at the root, fading to brownish-red at the tip.
  • The pelage on the underside of the species is lighter than that on the back.

Bouvier’s Red Colobus Facts

  • Bouvier’s red colobus monkeys show significant facial variation between individuals, ranging from a light flesh color with blackish cheeks and eyebrows to darker shading over the entire face except for the lips and nose.
  • Bouvier’s red colobus lives in the swampy forests surrounding the Congo River, between the mouths of the Oubangui and Alima rivers.
  • It shows no fear of humans, making it an easy target for bushmeat hunters.
  • They have a long tail used for balance only and are non-prehensile.
  • Like other red colobuses, the Bouvier red colobus lives in groups that may consist of 12 to 80 individuals and occupy a territory of 25 to 150 hectares.

Suggested Reading: Types of Monkeys

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, January 31). Bouvier’s Red Colobus. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bouviers-red-colobus/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bouvier’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, 31 January 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bouviers-red-colobus/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bouvier’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, January 31 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bouviers-red-colobus/.
Key References
  • [1]“Red colobus (Piliocolobus) conservation action plan 2021-2026”. Accessed November 25, 2022. Link.

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