Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Mandrillus Mandrillus sphinx
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: Mandrill
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1758
  • Monkey Size: 61 to 76.4 cm (24.02 to 30.08 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Olive green
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo

Mandrill Distribution

Mandrill Characteristics


The mandrill[1] (Mandrillus sphinx) is a primate of the Old-World monkey family (Cercopithecidae). It is among the two species in the Mandrillus genus and drill.

  • The mandrills reach a height of around 80 cm. The species features a large head, a compact body with long, powerful limbs, and an erect stubby tail.
  • The wide range of rotation of the clavicles allows for quadrupedal walking, tree climbing, and arm function.
  • The opposable thumbs allow these monkeys to grasp tree branches. Both sexes have paired mammary glands in the chest region.
  • The coat is olive green with lighter underparts. It has a bright blue to bare purple rump.
  • A mandrill’s face has a red stripe down the center of the snout and around the nostrils, while the sides of the snout are striped lengthwise and blue in color.
  • Mandrills have patches of red fur over their eyes and a yellow beard. These colorations are duller in females and juveniles than in adult males.

What Do Mandrills Eat?

The Mandrill nourishes on[¶]:

  • Butter Tree (Pentadesma butyracea).
  • Boleko Nut (Ongokea gore).
  • African Nutmeg (Pycnanthus angolensis).
  • African Teak (Milicia excelsa).
  • African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis).
  • Persimmons (Diospyros)

What Eats Mandrills?

What Eats Mandrills?

Leopards (Panthera pardus) are the primary predators of Mandrills[§].

Mandrill Facts

Mandrillus Sphinx

  • Groups of mandrills can vary from a few individuals to 50 individuals.
  • Although the dominant male will often wander away from the group, he will return immediately at the slightest sign of danger.
  • Mandrills live on the ground during the day and sleep in trees at night.
  • Their bright coloring in the female species is a crucial feature of social behavior. For example, when aroused, the padding on her buttocks intensifies blue, her chest turns blue, and red dots may appear on her ankles and wrists.
  • To show his delight, a male mandrill shakes his head and shoulders; it is usually an invitation to settle down.


Suggested Reading: Explore All Monkeys

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, October 02). Mandrill. Bio Explorer. "Mandrill" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2023, "Mandrill" Bio Explorer, October 02 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Mandrill | San Diego Zoo Animals & Plants”. Accessed August 17, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020).
  • [¶] – Seltzer, Carrie; Wysocki, William; Palacios, Melissa; Eickhoff, Anna; Pilla, Hannah; Aungst, Jordan; Mercer, Aaron; Quicho, Jamie; Voss, Neil; Xu, Man; J. Ndangalasi, Henry; C. Lovett, Jon; J. Cordeiro, Norbert (2015): Plant-animal interactions from Africa. figshare. De Boer, W.F. and Ntumi, C.P. and Correia, A.U. and Mafuca, J.M., 2000. Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve; Mozambique. African Journal of Ecology, 38(3), pp.188-201.
  • [§] – Middleton, O.S, Svensson, H, Scharlemann, J.P.W, Faurby, S, Sandom, C.J. CarniDIET 1.0: A database of terrestrial carnivorous mammal diets. Global Ecology and Biogeography. Craig, Christie A., Eleanor I. Brassine, and Daniel M. Parker. “A record of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) diet in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve, Botswana.”�African Journal of Ecology55.4 (2017): 697-700.


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