Semliki Red Colobus

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus Piliocolobus semlikiensis
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: Semliki Red Colobus
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1991
  • Monkey Size: 45 to 67 cm (17.7 to 26.4 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Red and black
  • Habitat: Forest and mountains
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda

Semliki Red Colobus Distribution

Semliki Red Colobus Characteristics

The Semliki red colobus[1] (Piliocolobus semlikiensis) is native to central Africa.

  • Historically, it was treated as a subspecies of the Central African red colobus (Piliocolobus foai), but more recent taxonomies generally treat it as a separate species.
  • The Semliki red colobus lives in the ironwood forest of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo between the Rwenzori Mountains and the Semliki River valley.
  • The Semliki red colobus has long red and black fur on the back and head with a paler underside.
  • Males have a body length excluding the tail between 50 and 69 centimeters (20 and 27 in) with a tail between 62 and 67 centimeters (24 and 26 in) long.
  • Males typically weigh between 9 and 13 kilograms (20 and 29 pounds), and females typically weigh between 7 and 9 kilograms (15 and 20 pounds).
  • It has smaller teeth than most other red colobus species.

Semliki Red Colobus Facts

  • Groups often build a dominance hierarchy determined by aggressive behavior.
  • Food, care, and sexual partners are first distributed to higher-ranking individuals, followed by lower-ranking individuals.
  • They live in large herds that can number up to 80 individuals, with an average of 20 to 40 monkeys.
  • Like other red colobus monkeys, they are believed to be primarily leaf feeders.
  • The Semliki red colobus monkey is targeted by hunters because of its size.

Suggested Reading: All Monkeys

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2024, April 14). Semliki Red Colobus. Bio Explorer. "Semliki Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, 14 April 2024, "Semliki Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, April 14 2024.
Key References
  • [1]“Red colobus (Piliocolobus) conservation action plan 2021-2026”. Accessed November 26, 2022. Link.


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