History of Anatomy

History of AnatomyAnatomy is one of the oldest branches in medicine[1]. It is a branch of science that studies human or animal form by observing or examining living beings, dissecting dead specimens, and examining them microscopically. The term anatomy comes from the Greek word anatome, which means “dissection”, and logos, which stands for “study of”, hence the “study of dissection”[2].

There are two major subdivisions of anatomy: Gross and Microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy studies body surfaces, regions, and sections of body organs and their relationship to one another. On the other hand, microscopic anatomy deals with minute entities like cells and tissues. Under this field include cytology, which is the study of cells, and histology which is the study of tissues[2].

History of Anatomy

Anatomy History - A Timeline

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[1] – Persaud, T.V.N. 2016. In the Beginning: Human Anatomy Accessed July 2016
[2] – Sidhu, Rajinder. 2012. The Study of Human Anatomy. Accessed July 20, 2016.
[3] – Carola, Robert. 1992. A Short History of Human Anatomy.
[4] – David, K. and Osborn, L. 2015. Hippocrates: Father of Medicine. Accessed July 20, 2016.
[5] – n.a 2014. “Galen.” Famous Scientists. famousscientists.org. December 22, 2014.
[6] – n.a.2016. HistoryofAnatomy 2016. http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa05
[7] – n.a. 2007. “History of anatomy and physiology: The Renaissance and Age of Enlightenment.” World of Anatomy and Physiology, June 15.
[8] – Johnson, D. (2016). Introductory Anatomy. Accessed July 20, 2016.
[9] – Robert Hooke – 1635-1703 – Hooke’s Microscope
[10] – Cynthia Klestinec – Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Volume 59, Number 3, July 2004, pp. 375-412
[11] – Noel Si-Yang Bay and Boon-Huat Bay – 2010 Greek anatomist herophilus: the father of anatomy Accessed on July 2016.

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BioExplorer.net. (2024, April 12). History of Anatomy. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/anatomy/.

BioExplorer.net. "History of Anatomy" Bio Explorer, 12 April 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/anatomy/.

BioExplorer.net. "History of Anatomy" Bio Explorer, April 12 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/anatomy/.


  1. Highly impressive detailed development phase of anatomy. Thanks to all of the contributors since antiquity, without which I wouldn’t have been so vast in my discipline.


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