History of Genetics

History of Genetics
Gregor Mendel: Father of Genetics

Genetics is the science of heredity and variation. On one hand, heredity is the biological process of transferring genetic information and physical traits from parents to their offspring. The term heredity, which comes from the Latin word hereditatem which means “condition of being an heir“, was first used in the 1530’s. The gene is known to be the basic unit of heredity.  In this page, we will explore the history of genetics and important events around the subject of genetics from the dawn of time to the contemporary researches.

In deeper terms, it is a segment of the DNA which encodes for a specific protein. Genes are passed on from parent to child and are believed by many to be an important part of what decides looks and behavior. On the other hand, genetic variation is the difference in alleles and genes, both within and among populations. The primary sources of genetic variation are: gene flow, mutation, and genetic shuffling[1].

History of Genetics

Genetics History - A Timeline
Genetics News 2017

Top 12 Genetics News In 2017

The year 2017 has seen ground-breaking advancements in the field of Genetics. Genetics is the biological study of genes, genetic variation, mutations, and heredity in living organisms. In this article, we will explore top 12 genetics news in 2017.
Genetics News in 2018

Top 25 Most Recent Genetic Discoveries in 2018

The year 2018 has seen another ground-breaking advancement year in the field of Genetics. In this article, we will explore the top 25 genetics discoveries in 2018.
Genetics Discoveries of 2019

Top 10 BEST Genetics Discoveries of 2019

Genetics is a science that studies the most well-kept secrets of life. Here are the top exciting 10 Genetics Discoveries of 2019.
Genetics News of 2020

Top 10 Genetics News of 2020

Genetics in 2020 also came to the forefront of science because tracing the virus variants was crucial. Here are the top 10 genetics news of 2020 reviewed.
Genetic Engineering Pros and Cons

13 Important Genetic Engineering Pros And Cons

Though the field of Genetics & Biotechnology has helped us in the better understanding of genes, here are 13 comprehensive Genetic Engineering Pros & Cons.


[1] – Bagley, M. 2013. Genetics: The Study of Heredity. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://www.livescience.com/27332-genetics.html.
[2] – Berkeley. 2012. Genetic Variation. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evo_17.
[3] – kenyon.edu. 2016. History of Genetics. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://biology.kenyon.edu/courses/biol114/Chap01/history_genetics.html.
[4] – Norman, J. 2004). Coining the term “Genetics”. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=4289.
[5] – Pray, L. 2009. “Discovery of DNA Structure and Function: Watson and Crick.” Nature Education 100-101.
[6] – Smith, D. 2016. Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/history_12.
[7] – USA.gov. 2015. All About The Human Genome Project (HGP). Accessed July 22, 2016. https://www.genome.gov/10001772/all-about-the–human-genome-project-hgp/.
[8] – Utah.edu. 2016. PCR. Accessed July 22, 2016. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/labs/pcr/.

Cite This Page


BioExplorer.net. (2022, August 09). History of Genetics. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/genetics/.

BioExplorer.net. "History of Genetics" Bio Explorer, 09 August 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/genetics/.

BioExplorer.net. "History of Genetics" Bio Explorer, August 09 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/history_of_biology/genetics/.


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