What Do Eagles Eat?

What Do Eagles Eat?
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What Do Eagles Eat? Eagles are powerful birds with sharp beaks. These birds are very symbolic to humanity to the extent that they are the subjects of an array of principles essential to humans.

A majority of these birds can be found in Africa and Eurasia. 2 species are present in the US and Canada, 3 species in Australia and 9 species exist in Central and South America.

Eagles are mostly carnivorous. Depending on the species, their palette includes small mammals like prairie dogs, squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, waterfowls, and fish.

What do Eagles Eat?

Type of Eagle Diet
Bald Eagle Salmon, catfish, herring, shad, rabbits, crabs, reptiles, amphibians and other birds.
Golden Eagle Marmots, prairie dogs, jackrabbits, squirrels, mice, voles, birds, snakes, large insects, lizards, foxes, young deer, and carrion.
African Fish Eagle Catfish, lungfish, flamingoes, other water birds, carrion.
Long-crested Eagle Rodents, especially vlei rats.
Philippine Eagle Philippines flying lemur, monitor lizards, snakes, and other birds.
Steppe Eagle Steppe pika, voles (Brandt and Eastern Kazakhstan), reptiles, other birds, insects, squirrels, and carrion.

Eagles Diet by Types

About 60 eagle species exist. They can be found in all continents of the world except Antarctica. They are classified in the family Accipitridae, and they belong to many genera. This section will sample out types of eagles from across the world.

What Do Bald Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus Haliaeetus leucocephalus

What do bald eagles eat?Bald eagle feeds on a variety of products, which include salmon, catfish, herring, shad, rabbits, crabs, reptiles, amphibians, and other birds. This eagle can eat live.

  • The bald eagle appears bald thanks to its head having white feathers, which contrasts the brown hue on its body and wings.
  • Bald eagles were previously endangered, but because of its protection, its numbers have flourished over the years.
  • The bald eagle inhabits areas next to water bodies, especially regions close to coasts and lakes.

What Do Golden Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Aquila Aquila chrysaetos

What Do Golden Eagles Eat?Golden eagle feeds on marmots, prairie dogs, jackrabbits, squirrels, mice, voles, birds, snakes, large insects, and lizards. Golden eagles (aka adler birds) can also prey on larger animals like foxes, young deer, and carrion.

  • Golden eagle is considered as an enormous bird of prey in North America.
  • This type of eagles is notable for its light golden-brown feathers on their necks and heads.
  • Golden eagle inhabits a vast range of areas including but not limited to foothills, plains, mountains, rangeland, prairies, tundra, and the open country.

What Do African Fish Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus Haliaeetus vocifer

What Do African Fish Eagles Eat?As the name suggests, African fish eagle mostly feeds on fish (catfish and lungfish to be precise). The African fish eagle also eats flamingoes, other water birds, carrion, and other larger prey found on the ground bordering water.

  • The African fish eagle is a large eagle species which spots white, black, and brown plumage.
  • This type of eagle can be found in trees next to lakes, rivers, and on coastlines.

What Do Long-crested Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Lophaetus Lophaetus occipitalis

What Do Long-crested Eagles Eat?Long-crested eagle feeds on rodents, especially vlei rats.

  • The long-crested eagle gets its name from the long crest present on its head.
  • This type of eagle is mostly black or dark brown, and it has white patches on the joints of its wings.
  • Its habitat types include grassland, savannah, forests, wetlands (inland) and artificial lands.

What Do Philippine Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Pithecophaga Pithecophaga jefferyi

What Do Philippine Eagles Eat?Philippine eagle primarily predates on the Philippines flying lemur. It also eats monitor lizards, snakes, and other birds.

  • Philippine eagle is a powerful bird of prey previously referred to as the monkey-eating eagle.
  • As the name suggests, this bird is endemic to the Philippines.
  • This species inhabits montane forests (steep terrain).

What Do Steppe Eagles Eat?

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Accipitriformes Accipitridae Aquila Aquila nipalensis

What Do Steppe Eagles Eat?Steppe eagle feeds on steppe pika, voles (Brandt and Eastern Kazakhstan). They also eat reptiles, other birds, insects, squirrels, and carrion.

  • The steppe eagle is a large eagle species.
  • As its name suggests, it mostly inhabits steppes.
  • Steppe eagles can also be found in deserts, grasslands, semi-deserts and agricultural areas.

How Do Eagles Hunt?

How Do Eagles Hunt?

For eagles, hunting is an analytical process facilitated by tact.

  • Their speed comes in handy to aid their quest to capture prey.
  • Eagles can detect their prey by soaring high, by watching them from high perches, or by flying lowly over slopes.
  • Once eagles identify their prey, they use their speed to ambush their victim and snatch it using their sharp talons.

When Do Eagles Eat?

Eagles are diurnal species, meaning they will mostly be found hunting for food and eating during the day.

How Often Do Eagles Eat?

How Often Do Eagles Eat?

According to researchers, eagles consume about 0.5 to 1 pound of food every day.

  • These birds of prey do not consume as often, especially in the event of food scarcity.
  • Interestingly, during plenty, they eat frequently and store about 2 pounds of food in their crops.

What Eats Eagles?

What Eats Eagles? Wolves

  • Though eagles are considered to be fierce and dangerous organisms, other organisms consider eagles to be a vital delicacy.
  • Examples of organisms that eat eagles (at the different life cycle stages) include raccoons, coyotes, great horned owls, ravens, squirrels, foxes, and wolves.

Where Do Eagles Fit in the Animal Food Chain?

Eagles fit perfectly in the animal food chain as prey and predators.

  • Eagles help keep the numbers of the organisms they feed on under check, thus preventing their overpopulation.
  • In their role as prey, they are food to a large number of organisms in their ecosystem.
  • Eagles also clean up the environment by feeding on dead animal matter.

Cite this article as: "What Do Eagles Eat?," in Bio Explorer by Jack Kirsten, May 12, 2019, https://www.bioexplorer.net/what-do-eagles-eat.html/.

Key References

  • “How many eagle species are there in the world? – National Eagle Center”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Bald Eagle Life History, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Golden Eagle | Audubon Field Guide”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Golden Eagle | National Geographic”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “African Fish Eagle | Southern Africa Bird Guide”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Long-crested Eagle – Birds – South Africa”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “IUCN Red List of Threatened Species”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Philippine Eagle | Pithecophaga jefferyi”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “IUCN Red List of Threatened Species”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “About the Steppe Eagle”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “European Raptors: Steppe Eagle”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “May: Nestlings”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “How Long Do American Bald Eagles Live? | Sciencing”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Foxes: Facts & Pictures | Live Science”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.
  • “Journey North Bald Eagles”. Accessed August 12, 2019. Link.

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