Divisions of Biology: Evolution
    The stepping stone to our future is hugely connected to our past – Do you believe in it? If yes, then taking up a course on Evolution can satisfy your quest for information about the past well. The term Evolution can be defined as the study of living organisms, the stages of development and also all nitty-gritty’s about the natural history of Earth.

    Over decades of successive generations, there has been a drastic change in the nature and characteristics of our biological population. With evolution came diversity. Have you ever wondered about the reasons that led to the diversity of species, organisms and even molecules like DNA? Probably due to some shared DNA sequences or biochemical and morphological crossovers. The only way to get an answer is by studying Ecology.

    The theory of evolution was not coined straightaway. It was a scientific argument that was first brought onto the boards by Charles Darwin. He first finalized upon the theory that evolution occurred by means of natural selection. This was again an outcome of observations like:

    • Offspring produced survive longer.
    • Natural characteristics and traits between individuals vary. This also implies that rates of survival and reproduction vary too.
    • The difference of natural traits in individuals is hereditary.

    Did you know that all life on Earth is linked by a common factor? Wondering what? Well, our very last ancestor who is believed to have survived at-least 3.85 billion years ago.

    Evolution can be described as descent with modification. Studies show that smallest of changes take place at the base level or the genetic level. While natural selection is one mechanism of evolution, there are many more like sexual selection and even genetic drift.

    When individuals of one sex are eager to mate with another, there is a share of traits. Maybe this is how a peacock’s tail came into existence.  Today, Evolution is a major tenet of modern Biological Science.

    As students, you will first develop insight about evolutionary biology, its pattern, processes and causes. Everything from the theory of evolution to the origin of life, origin of animals and the Cambrian explosion, every topic is explained to the students of Evolution. Why just living organisms? Ecology students are entitled to gain knowledge about the environment on a whole.

    A Model of an Internal Evolutionary Mechanism
    Model of an Internal Evolutionary Mechanism (based on an extension to homeostasis) linking Stationary Phase Mutations to The Baldwin Effect, Archives, Resources. Link

    A New Factor In Evolution
    A New Factor In Evolution – J. Mark Baldwin’s Original Paper (published in 1896) in which be proposed the concept known today as “The Baldwin Effect”. Link

    All About Archaeopteryx
    Archaeopteryx is commonly cited as an example of a transitional fossil (i.e. a form showing characters common to two separate groups). This is disputed by anti-evolutionists, who claim that Archaeopteryx is a complete bird and thus cannot be transitional. Link

    Are Mutations Harmful?
    People often ask questions such as, “Doesn’t evolution depend on mutations?”, “Aren’t most mutations harmful?” and “Are there favorable mutations?”. This article catalogs the different types of mutations and discusses their effects on an organism’s reproductive fitness. Link

    Charles Darwin’s works
    On-line collection of Charles Darwin’s works in English and Russian. Link

    Darwin’s Precursors and Influences
    It is sometimes claimed by those who wish to denigrate the achievements of Charles Darwin that he was little more than a “serial plagiarist.” This essay aims to show that Darwin, like any scientist, had influences, but that he was honest in his theoretical development. Link

    Essays on Evolution
    Essays on Dinosaur origin and extinction, Bird origin and flight and Human origin. Link

    Evidence for Evolution: An Eclectic Survey
    This set of articles surveys some of the scientific literature presenting interesting or unique lines of evidence for evolution. Cichlid fish, sexual selection, sperm competition, and endosymbiosis are but a few of the topics discussed. Link

    Evolution and Behavior
    Quality links, search engines, and discussion forum on the topic of Evolution and Behavior, created by Jie Yin at the University of Chicago. Link


    1. the theory that evolution occurred through natural selection. This was again the result of observations such as: • The offspring produced survive longer.


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