Indian Monkeys: India, officially known as the Republic of India, is the second-most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion. In addition to its historical architecture, delicious food, and generally vibrant culture, India is also known for its diverse flora and fauna.
For one, it is home to 19 species of Old World monkeys; 6 of them are endemic to the nation. Examples of these endemic species include the Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii), the bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata), and the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus).
India has many cultural and religious ties with monkeys as a Hindu-dominant country. For instance, the Hanuman langur, one of India’s most widespread monkey species, was named after Hanuman, a powerful part-monkey deity in Hinduism.
However, it should also be noted that the Hanuman langur, along with many other monkey species of the country, is facing endangerment due to habitat loss caused by deforestation, urbanization, and other human-caused issues.
Species Name: Macaca munzala Native Countries: India
The Arunachal macaque is a comparatively sizeable brown primate with a relatively short tail. Arunachal macaques were first classified into Cercopithecidae's taxonomy in 2005 by primatologists Madhusudan and Mishra.
Species Name: Macaca assamensis Native Countries: Vietnam,Nepal,India,Myanmar,Thailand
The Assam macaque, also known as Assamese macaque, is a macaque of the Old-World monkey family endemic to South and Southeast Asia. Assam is another state in India. Eating everything from fruits to 55 types of flowers, leaves, seeds, and bark, these macaque monkeys adapt their diet to suit their habitat.
Species Name: Semnopithecus entellus Native Countries: India,Bangladesh
The Bengal sacred langur, also known as Hanuman's langur and the northern plains gray langur, is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family. The Bengal sacred langurs are often referred to as "Hanuman's langurs", named after Lord Hanuman - the Hindu god.
Species Name: Semnopithecus hypoleucos Native Countries: India
The black-footed gray langur is an Old-World monkey, one of the langur species. Like other gray langurs, this species is a leaf-eating monkey in southern India. The black-footed gray langur is distributed throughout southwestern India (Kerala, Karnataka, and Goa) but is concentrated in the Western Ghats.
Species Name: Macaca radiata Native Countries: India
The Bonnet Macaque, also called Zati, is a species of macaque native to southern India. Bonnet macaques get their common name from a unique feature: a hood-like tuft of hair that extends from the top of their head, much like a tuft of dry grass. Their marble-round eyes look out into the world with a very expressive forehead.
Species Name: Trachypithecus pileatus Native Countries: Bangladesh,Bhutan,India,Myanmar
The capped langur is a type of monkey in the Cercopithecidae family. These langurs can vary in appearance. This Asian primate gets its name from the thick hairs on the top of the head, typically gray or black.
Species Name: Trachypithecus geei Native Countries: India
Gee's golden langur, also known simply as the golden langur, is an Old-World primate found in a small area of western Assam, India, and in the nearby foothills of the Black Mountains of Bhutan. Gee's golden langur was officially discovered in 1953 by Edward Pritchard Gee, an amateur naturalist and tea planter in Assam, India.
Species Name: Semnopithecus ajax Native Countries: India,Nepal
The Kashmir gray langur is an Old-World monkey, one of the species of langurs. The Kashmiri gray langur derives its scientific name, Semnopithecus ajax, from a character in the ancient Greek poem - The Iliad - set during the Trojan War.
The Nepal gray langur (Semnopithecus schistaceus) is a gray langur native to the Himalayas of Nepal, extreme southwestern Tibet, northern Pakistan, northern India, Bhutan, and possibly Afghanistan. The Nepal gray langur is both terrestrial and arboreal.
Species Name: Semnopithecus johnii Native Countries: India
The Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii), also called the black-leaf monkey, John's langur, and Indian hooded leaf monkey is a langur (a species of Old-World monkey) found in the Nilgiri foothills of the Western Ghats in southern India.
Species Name: Macaca leonina Native Countries: Bangladesh,Cambodia,China,India,Laos,Myanmar,Thailand,Vietnam
The northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina) is a macaque species in the Cercopithecidae family. Typical of this group of Old World monkeys, northern pig-tailed monkeys are gregarious, living in social groups of 9-81 individuals.
Species Name: Trachypithecus phayrei Native Countries: India,Bangladesh,Myanmar
Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei), also called the Phayre's langur, is a species of Lutung endemic to South and Southeast Asia. The name commemorates the late Sir Arthur Purves Phayre, a lieutenant general in the British Indian Army and commissioner of the entire province of former British Burma.
Species Name: Macaca arctoides Native Countries: Cambodia,China,India,Laos,Myanmar,Malaysia,Thailand,Vietnam
The stump-tailed macaque, also known as the bear macaque, is an Old World monkey endemic to Cambodia, northeastern India, southwestern China, Myanmar, and Laos, from northwestern Peninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand.
Species Name: Semnopithecus hector Native Countries: India,Bhutan,Nepal
The Tarai gray langur (Semnopithecus hector) is an Old-World monkey and was once thought to be a subspecies of the northern plains gray langur. The Latin name for Tarai gray langurs is inspired by Hector, the prince of Troy.
Species Name: Semnopithecus priam Native Countries: India,Sri Lanka
The tufted gray langur (Semnopithecus priam), also called the Coromandel sacred langur and the Madras gray langur, is an Old-World monkey, one of the langur species. These langurs are generally shy and only descend when there is no visible danger.
Species Name: Macaca leucogenys Native Countries: India,China
The white-cheeked macaque (Macaca leucogenys) is found only in Medog County in southeastern Tibet and the Arunachal Pradesh state of India. The species was first discovered and described by Chinese primatologists Peng-Fei Fan, Cheng Li, and Chao Zhao in the American Journal of Primatology in 2015.