India Monkeys


    India Monkeys

    India, officially known as the Republic of India, is the second-most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion. In addition to its historical architecture, delicious food, and generally vibrant culture, India is also known for its diverse flora and fauna.

    For one, it is home to 19 species of Old World monkeys; 6 of them are endemic to the nation. Examples of these endemic species include the Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii), the bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata), and the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus).

    India has many cultural and religious ties with monkeys as a Hindu-dominant country. For instance, the Hanuman langur, one of India’s most widespread monkey species, was named after Hanuman, a powerful part-monkey deity in Hinduism[1].

    However, it should also be noted that the Hanuman langur, along with many other monkey species of the country, is facing endangerment due to habitat loss caused by deforestation, urbanization, and other human-caused issues[2].

    India Monkeys

    Here is the list of all monkey species native to the sub-continent India.

    Arunachal Macaque

    Species Name: Macaca munzala
    Native Countries: India
    The Arunachal macaque is a comparatively sizeable brown primate with a relatively short tail. Arunachal macaques were first classified into Cercopithecidae's taxonomy in 2005 by primatologists Madhusudan and Mishra.

    Assam Macaque

    Species Name: Macaca assamensis
    Native Countries: Vietnam,Nepal,India,Myanmar,Thailand
    The Assam macaque, also known as Assamese macaque, is a macaque of the Old-World monkey family endemic to South and Southeast Asia. Assam is another state in India. Eating everything from fruits to 55 types of flowers, leaves, seeds, and bark, these macaque monkeys adapt their diet to suit their habitat.

    Bengal Sacred Langur

    Species Name: Semnopithecus entellus
    Native Countries: India,Bangladesh
    The Bengal sacred langur, also known as Hanuman's langur and the northern plains gray langur, is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family. The Bengal sacred langurs are often referred to as "Hanuman's langurs", named after Lord Hanuman - the Hindu god.

    Bonnet Macaque

    Species Name: Macaca radiata
    Native Countries: India
    The Bonnet Macaque, also called Zati, is a species of macaque native to southern India. Bonnet macaques get their common name from a unique feature: a hood-like tuft of hair that extends from the top of their head, much like a tuft of dry grass. Their marble-round eyes look out into the world with a very expressive forehead.

    Capped Langur

    Species Name: Trachypithecus pileatus
    Native Countries: Bangladesh,Bhutan,India,Myanmar
    The capped langur is a type of monkey in the Cercopithecidae family. These langurs can vary in appearance. This Asian primate gets its name from the thick hairs on the top of the head, typically gray or black.

    Gee’s Golden Langur

    Species Name: Trachypithecus geei
    Native Countries: India
    Gee's golden langur, also known simply as the golden langur, is an Old-World primate found in a small area of ​​western Assam, India, and in the nearby foothills of the Black Mountains of Bhutan. Gee's golden langur was officially discovered in 1953 by Edward Pritchard Gee, an amateur naturalist and tea planter in Assam, India.

    Kashmir Gray Langur

    Species Name: Semnopithecus ajax
    Native Countries: India,Nepal
    The Kashmir gray langur is an Old-World monkey, one of the species of langurs. The Kashmiri gray langur derives its scientific name, Semnopithecus ajax, from a character in the ancient Greek poem - The Iliad - set during the Trojan War.

    Lion-Tailed Macaque

    Species Name: Macaca silenus
    Native Countries: India
    The lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), also known as the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey native to the Western Ghats of South India. Lion-tailed macaques are diurnal and arboreal.
    Gray Monkeys

    Nepal Gray Langur

    The Nepal gray langur (Semnopithecus schistaceus) is a gray langur native to the Himalayas of Nepal, extreme southwestern Tibet, northern Pakistan, northern India, Bhutan, and possibly Afghanistan. The Nepal gray langur is both terrestrial and arboreal.

    Nilgiri Langur

    Species Name: Semnopithecus johnii
    Native Countries: India
    The Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii), also called the black-leaf monkey, John's langur, and Indian hooded leaf monkey is a langur (a species of Old-World monkey) found in the Nilgiri foothills of the Western Ghats in southern India.

    Cite This Page

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    BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). India Monkeys. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/india/.
    BioExplorer.net. "India Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/india/.
    BioExplorer.net. "India Monkeys" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/india/.
    Key References
    • [1]“Hanuman langur | Zoological Society of London (ZSL)”. Accessed August 25, 2022. Link.
    • [1]“Use of Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research in India: Current Status and Future Prospects – International Perspectives – NCBI Bookshelf”. Accessed August 25, 2022. Link.

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