Bengal Sacred Langur

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus Semnopithecus entellus
Bengal Sacred Langur
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Name: Bengal Sacred Langur
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1797
  • Monkey Size: 45.1 to 78.4 cm (17.8 to 30.9 inches)
  • Skin Color(s): Silver-gray
  • Habitat: Forests rainforests, and shrublands
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: India, Bangladesh

Bengal Sacred Langur Distribution

Bengal Sacred Langur Characteristics

Bengal Sacred Langur

The Bengal sacred langur[1], also known as Hanuman’s langur and the northern plains gray langur, is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family.

  • The Bengal sacred langur has a silvery gray coat with a distinctive yellow tint and black faces, ears, fingers, and toes.
  • Unlike other gray langurs, this species lacks a crest. They have white facial hair and darker hair on their backs.
  • Their bellies are reddish-gold in color. Small babies are brown in color, and their fur turns gray as they grow. They possess long gray tails around one and a half times the length of their body and are used for locomotion and balance.
  • Their wide mouths turn sideways, giving them a stern and slightly sullen expression.

Bengal Sacred Langur Facts

Semnopithecus Entellus

  • The Bengal sacred langurs are often referred to as “Hanuman’s langurs“, named after Lord Hanuman – the Hindu god.
  • They have flexible social organization and can live in groups composed of only males, multiple females, and males, or multiple females and a single male.
  • Originally thought of as a single species, scientists now recognize eight species of gray langurs in the Semnopithecus genus.
  • Bengal sacred langurs are believed to have been introduced by Hindu pilgrims on the banks of the Jalangi River in western Bangladesh.
  • Reproduction in the Bengal sacred langurs is linked to food availability. Therefore, only when females have enough food and are in good condition can they reproduce.

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, August 12). Bengal Sacred Langur. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bengal Sacred Langur" Bio Explorer, 12 August 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bengal Sacred Langur" Bio Explorer, August 12 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
Key References
  • [1]“ADW: Semnopithecus entellus: INFORMATION”. Accessed August 04, 2022. Link.

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