Bengal Sacred Langur

AnimaliaPrimatesCercopithecidaeSemnopithecusSemnopithecus entellus
Bengal Sacred Langur
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Name: Bengal Sacred Langur
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1797
  • Monkey Size: 45.1 to 78.4 cm (17.8 to 30.9 inches)
  • Skin Color(s): Silver-gray
  • Habitat: Forests rainforests, and shrublands
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: India, Bangladesh

Bengal Sacred Langur Distribution

Bengal Sacred Langur Characteristics

Bengal Sacred Langur

The Bengal sacred langur[1], also known as Hanuman’s langur and the northern plains gray langur, is a primate species in the Cercopithecidae family.

  • The Bengal sacred langur has a silvery gray coat with a distinctive yellow tint and black faces, ears, fingers, and toes.
  • Unlike other gray langurs, this species lacks a crest. They have white facial hair and darker hair on their backs.
  • Their bellies are reddish-gold in color. Small babies are brown in color, and their fur turns gray as they grow. They possess long gray tails around one and a half times the length of their body and are used for locomotion and balance.
  • Their wide mouths turn sideways, giving them a stern and slightly sullen expression.

Bengal Sacred Langur Facts

Semnopithecus Entellus

  • The Bengal sacred langurs are often referred to as “Hanuman’s langurs“, named after Lord Hanuman – the Hindu god.
  • They have flexible social organization and can live in groups composed of only males, multiple females, and males, or multiple females and a single male.
  • Originally thought of as a single species, scientists now recognize eight species of gray langurs in the Semnopithecus genus.
  • Bengal sacred langurs are believed to have been introduced by Hindu pilgrims on the banks of the Jalangi River in western Bangladesh.
  • Reproduction in the Bengal sacred langurs is linked to food availability. Therefore, only when females have enough food and are in good condition can they reproduce.

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2024, July 10). Bengal Sacred Langur. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bengal Sacred Langur" Bio Explorer, 10 July 2024, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bengal Sacred Langur" Bio Explorer, July 10 2024. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bengal-sacred-langur/.
Key References
  • [1]“ADW: Semnopithecus entellus: INFORMATION”. Accessed August 04, 2022. Link.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here