Northern Pig Tailed Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca leonina
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: Northern Pig-tailed Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1863
  • Monkey Size: 50 to 58 cm (20 to 23 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Buff-brown
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Northern Pig-tailed Macaque Distribution

Northern Pig-Tailed Macaque Characteristics

Northern Pig Tailed Macaque

The northern pig-tailed macaque[1] (Macaca leonina) is a macaque species in the Cercopithecidae family.

Northern Pig-tailed Macaque With Red-Lines Across Eyes

  • As its name suggests, the northern Pig-tailed macaque is distinguished by a rather stubby tail, reaching only 9 inches (23 cm) in length, which is often held coiled like a ponytail.
  • Another distinctive feature is the patch of dark fur on its head, something it shares with its close relative, the southern pig-tailed macaque.
  • To distinguish the two species apart, look closely at the face; you can see that the northern species appears to have mascara on dark lines running diagonally from the outer corners of the eyes.
  • Northern Pig-tailed Macaque

Northern Pig-Tailed Macaque Facts

Macaca Leonina

  • Although these Asian monkeys are accomplished climbers, dashing into the canopy when threatened, northern pig-tailed monkeys spend most of their time on the forest floor.
  • Typical of this group of Old World Monkeys, northern pig-tailed monkeys are gregarious, living in social groups of 9-81 individuals.
  • The group is dominated by one alpha male, with a hierarchical ranking system for both genders.
  • Complex relationships exist within the group, in which individuals communicate using a repertoire of postures, gestures, and contacts.
  • Fights and quarrels are not uncommon, but northern pig-tailed macaques have been observed feeding in small groups to avoid conflict.

Grooming Northern Pig-tailed Macaques

Suggested Reading: Various Species of Monkeys

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, December 06). Northern Pig-tailed Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/northern-pig-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Northern Pig-tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, 06 December 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/northern-pig-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Northern Pig-tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, December 06 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/northern-pig-tailed-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“Northern Pig-tailed Macaque – World Land Trust”. Accessed October 14, 2022. Link.

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