Stump-tailed Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca arctoides
Stump-tailed Macaque
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Names: Stump-tailed Macaque, Bear Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1831
  • Monkey Size: 48.5 to 65 cm (19.09 to 25.59 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Sandy to dark brown
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam

Stump-tailed Macaque Distribution

Stump-Tailed Macaque Characteristics

Stump-tailed Macaque

The stump-tailed macaque[1], also known as the Bear macaque, is an Old World monkey endemic to Cambodia, northeastern India, southwestern China, Myanmar, and Laos, from northwestern Peninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand.

Macaca Arctoides

  • This Asian primate was also found in eastern Bangladesh but is now considered extinct in the region.
  • True to their name, stump-tailed macaques have short, hairless tails that are only 3.2 to 6.9 cm long. Adults have long sandy dark brown hair.
  • Babies are born white and darken as they age. The stump-tailed macaque’s faces are hairless and bright pink or red.
  • With time and exposure to sunlight, the red color darkens and may even turn black. Males have larger canines than females, which helps to establish social dominance.
  • Like all other macaques, stump-tailed macaques have cheek pouches to store food.

Stump-Tailed Macaque Facts

Stump-tailed Macaque

  • One of the signs of aging in this species is baldness: stump-tailed macaques show hair loss similar to human male pattern baldness, although hair loss occurs in both male and female macaques.
  • Stump-tailed macaques are semi-terrestrial primates. Their large size and weight make them clumsy climbers, spending most of their time on the ground.
  • These macaques live in social groups with several males and females made up of different families of monkeys. The total number of individuals in a group can vary from a few monkeys to 60.
  • Stump-tailed macaque groups are based on dominance hierarchies. Some monkeys rank higher than others and have special privileges that others do not.
  • These primates “coo” with each other, so even if another monkey is out of sight, the sound of their cooing will let friends and family know they’re nearby.

Stump-tailed Macaque

Suggested Reading: World of Monkeys

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, December 06). Stump-tailed Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/stump-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Stump-tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, 06 December 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/stump-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Stump-tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, December 06 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/stump-tailed-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“Stump-tailed macaque – Wisconsin National Primate Research Center – UW-Madison”. Accessed November 08, 2022. Link.

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