Lion Tailed Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca silenus
Lion-tailed Macaque
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Names: Lion-tailed Macaque, Wanderoo
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1758
  • Monkey Size: 42 to 61 cm (17 to 24 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Rainforest, mountains
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: India

Lion-tailed Macaque Distribution

Lion-Tailed Macaque Characteristics

Lion Tailed Macaque

The lion-tailed macaque[1] (Macaca silenus), also known as the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey native to the Western Ghats of South India.

Lion Tailed Macaque

  • The body is covered with black fur. The tail is long, thin, and bare, with a tuft of puffy black hairs at the tip.
  • Both males and females have a lion-like mane of grayish fur that encircles the face. The face itself is bald and black.
  • Macaca silenus has two incisors, one canine, three premolars, and two molars in each mouth quadrant.
  • Lion-tailed macaques have cheek pouches that open next to the lower teeth and extend down the sides of the neck.
  • The young are born with a soft, black coat replaced by an adult coat after two months.

Lion-Tailed Macaque Facts

Lion Tailed Macaques

  • Lion-tailed macaques are diurnal and arboreal.
  • It is a good climber, spending most of its life in the upper canopy of tropical evergreen forests.
  • Unlike other macaques, it generally avoids people when possible.
  • In group behavior, the lion-tailed macaque is similar to other macaques, living in hierarchical groups of typically 10 to 20 members, usually made up of a few males and many females.
  • It is a territorial animal that will first defend its territory against noisy invading troops.

Macaca Silenus

Suggested Reading: Every Type of Monkey

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, October 01). Lion-Tailed Macaque. Bio Explorer. "Lion-Tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, 01 October 2023, "Lion-Tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, October 01 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“APA PsycNet”. Accessed September 24, 2022. Link.


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