Bonnet Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca radiata
Bonnet Macaque
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: Bonnet Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1812
  • Monkey Size: 35 to 60 cm (13.78 to 24 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Gray or golden-brown
  • Habitat: Forest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: India

Bonnet Macaque Distribution

Bonnet Macaque Characteristics

Bonnet Macaque

The Bonnet Macaque[1], also called Zati, is a species of macaque native to southern India.

  • Bonnet macaques get their common name from a unique feature: a hood-like tuft of hair that extends from the top of their head, much like a tuft of dry grass.
  • Framed by large ears, a bonnet macaque’s wrinkled, hairless face commands attention. The face is pink in females.
  • Their marble-round eyes look out into the world with a very expressive forehead.
  • As is common in many Old-World monkeys, the species has cheek pouches for storing food and narrow, downward-pointing nostrils.
  • They skillfully navigate through their world with color-seeing eyes and nimble, sensitive hands.

What Do Bonnet Macaques Eat?

Macaca Radiata

This southern Indian monkey’s diet includes many insects, leaves and fruits. Here are some of them listed in the research published in the Journal of Bombay Natural History Society[¶]:

  • Neem (Azadirachta indica)
  • Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)
  • Indian Ash tree (Lannea coromandelica).
  • Rattan (Calamus rotang)
  • Duhat (Syzygium cumini)
  • Spanish Cherry (Mimusops elengi).
  • Spinous Flueggea (Flueggea leucopyrus).
  • Fig (Ficus)
  • Algarrobo (Prosopis chilensis)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
  • Stickpea (Calliandra haematocephala)

Bonnet Macaque Facts

  • There are two identified subspecies of bonnet macaques. The two subspecies differ in the color of their bellies: Macaca radiata radiata have dark bellies, while Macaca radiata diluta have light bellies.
  • Its range is bounded by the Indian Ocean on three sides and the Tapti and Godavari Rivers.
  • While their sense of smell seems less developed due to their narrow nostrils, bonnet macaques may rely on their sense of taste to confirm when the fruit is ripe and ready to eat.
  • Scientists have observed their juveniles using the tails for support when climbing, although the tail is non-prehensile.
  • They live in multi-female and multi-male groups of around 30 individuals, organized in linear order by age.

Suggested Reading: Monkey Names List

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Bonnet Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bonnet-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bonnet Macaque" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bonnet-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Bonnet Macaque" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/bonnet-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“ADW: Macaca radiata: INFORMATION”. Accessed August 11, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2640-y.
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Plant-Frugivore-Interactions-SouthEastAsiaDavid, P. Manakadan, R. & Ganesh, T. Frugivory and seed dispersal by birds and mammals in the coasta tropical dry evergreen forests of southern India: A review. Tropical Ecology 56(1): 41-28
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Plant-Frugivore-Interactions-SouthEastAsiaDavid, J. P., Murugan, B.S., & Mankadan, R. (2011). Frugivory birds and mammals in Sri Harikota Island, southern India. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 108(1), 24-40.

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