Rhesus Macaque

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Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca mulatta
Rhesus Macaque
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Name: Rhesus Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1780
  • Monkey Size: 45 to 64 cm (17.72 to 25.20 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brown or grey
  • Habitat: Desert or dune, savanna or grassland, forest, mountains
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Afghanistan, Vietnam, China

Rhesus Macaque Distribution

Rhesus Macaque Characteristics

Rhesus Macaque

The rhesus macaque[1] (Macaca mulatta), commonly known as the rhesus monkey, is a species of Old-World monkey.

  • There are about 6 to 9 recognized subspecies, divided into two groups, those native to China and those native to India.
  • The rhesus monkey is brown or gray in color and has a pink face with no fur. It has an average of 50 vertebrae and a large thorax.
  • Its tail averages between 20.7 and 22.9 cm (8.1 and 9.0 in). Adult males average about 53 cm (21 in) and weigh about 7.7 kg (17 lb).
  • Females are smaller, averaging 19 inches (47 cm) long and weighing 12 pounds (5.3 kg).
  • The arm length to leg length ratio is 89.6 to 94.3%.

What Eats Rhesus Macaques?

What Eats Rhesus Macaques?

The African Journal of ecology describes that the main predators for Rhesus macaques are Leopards (Panthera pardus), Snow Leopards (Uncia uncia) and tigers (Panthera tigris) in the wild[§].

Rhesus Macaque Facts

Macaca Mulatta

  • Rhesus monkeys are diurnal animals, both arboreal and terrestrial.
  • They are quadrupedal, and when they are on the ground, they are digitigrade and plantigrade.
  • Rhesus monkeys are very active and very vocal. They like to be in the water and are good swimmers.
  • They have the widest geographic range of any non-human primate, occupying a wide variety of altitudes and habitats, from grasslands to arid, forested areas and close to human settlements.
  • Like other macaques, the rhesus macaque is gregarious, with troops ranging from 20 to 200 individuals. Social groups are matrilineal, and a female’s rank is determined by the rank of her mother.

Suggested Reading: All Monkeys

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, June 01). Rhesus Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/rhesus-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Rhesus Macaque" Bio Explorer, 01 June 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/rhesus-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Rhesus Macaque" Bio Explorer, June 01 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/rhesus-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)”. Accessed November 08, 2022. Link.
  • [§] – Middleton, O.S, Svensson, H, Scharlemann, J.P.W, Faurby, S, Sandom, C.J. CarniDIET 1.0: A database of terrestrial carnivorous mammal diets. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13296. Craig, Christie A., Eleanor I. Brassine, and Daniel M. Parker. “A record of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) diet in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve, Botswana.” African Journal of Ecology55.4 (2017): 697-700.


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