What Do Possums Eat? Possums belong to marsupial mammals family within the animal kingdom. Numerous species of possums exist, with a majority located in Australia. These organisms feed on a diverse diet. They are omnivorous, meaning they consume fruits, flowers, nectar, leaves, insects, robins, parrots, adult kiwis, keas, and honeyeaters.
Let’s explore what do possums eat and their diets by different types of possums on this page.
Table of Contents
- What Do Possums Eat?
- Possums Diet by Their Types
- How Do Possums Hunt?
- When do Possums Eat?
- How Often Do Possums Eat?
- What Eats Possums?
- Where Do Possums Fit in the Animal Food Chain?
- Possums Vs. Opossums: Similarities and Differences
What Do Possums Eat?
|Type of Possum||Diet|
|Common Ringtail Possum||Fruits, flowers, and leaves of eucalyptus trees|
|Sugar Glider||Insects, pollen, tree sap, and manna|
|Feathertail Glider||Manna, pollen, nectar, and insects.|
|Leadbeaters Possum||Insects, millipedes, centipedes, honeydew, flower nectar, and leaves|
|Pygmy Possum||Pollen, nectar, fruits, and insects|
|Brushtail Possum||Fruits, leaves, and blossoms|
Possums Diet by Their Types
Many possum species live in Australia (other species are notable in Papua New Guinea, Sulawesi, New Zealand, and China), so the types of possums that will be discussed in this section are those found in this geographical location.
What Do the Common Ringtail Possums Eat?
The common Ringtail possums feed on fruits, flowers, and leaves of eucalyptus trees.
The common ring-tail possum’s scientific name is Pseudocheirus pereginus. This type of possum has variable colors but tends to spot a light grey or rich red hue on the back and the sides. This type of possum occupies diverse habitats in Australia, which include rainforests, thick vegetation, woodlands, and eucalyptus forests. Others live in suburban areas.
What Do Sugar Gliders Eat?
Sugar Gliders are Opportunistic omnivores who eat depending on the availability of food. Their diet includes insects, pollen, tree sap, and manna.
This type of possum is silver grey. It is a small possum with a body length of about 200-300 mm. They got their name because they like eating sugary nectar. Its habitat is in the forest canopies, especially those of the eucalyptus and acacia trees.
What Do Feathertail Gliders Eat?
The feathertail gliders feed on manna, pollen, nectar, and insects.
This type of possum is considered the tiniest gliding possum. The feathertail glider gets its name because its tail resembles a bird’s feather. They live in woodlands and forests, especially eucalyptus forests.
What Do Leadbeater’s Possums Eat?
Leadbeater’s Possum is an omnivore who eats on insects, millipedes, centipedes, and a wide array of plant material (honeydew, flower nectar, and leaves).
This type of possum is scarce; until 1961, it was thought to be extinct. Its habitat is mainly a tiny piece of land in the alpine and sub-alpine woodland forests situated in Victoria, Australia.
What Do Pygmy Possums Eat?
Pygmy Possums eat Pollen, nectar, fruits, and insects.
This type of possum are agile climber, and are their family is divided into two genera (Burramys and Cercartetus). Their habitats are mainly in rainforests (dense), woodlands, coastal heathlands, sclerophyll forests, woodlands, and mallee scrubs.
What Do Brushtail Possums Eat?
In the wild, Brushtail possums eat fruits, leaves, and blossoms.
Those living in suburban areas eat just about anything. This type of possum often makes contact with people, and its habitat includes urban areas, woodlands, heath, and forests.
How Do Possums Hunt?
Notable types of possums like meat. They hunt for their prey using an interesting mechanism. The Mountain pygmy possum, for instance, hunts by simply entering its prey’s nest at night and then proceeds to launch an attack. The same mechanism is used by sugar gliders and squirrel gliders.
When do Possums Eat?
Possums are strict nocturnal marsupials meaning they are active at night. The implication is that they feed between dusk and dawn.
How Often Do Possums Eat?
Possums feeding behavior depends on several factors. For instance, the mountain pygmy possum changes its feeding habits during winter when food is scarce, meaning they feed less often during these periods.
Further, a possum feeding on plant matter may need to feed as often compared to another feeding on small animals. Additionally, feeding is determined by the availability of food.
What Eats Possums?
Possums have a vast range of predators who vary depending on their habitats. Some of their most common predators include foxes, birds of prey, dogs, monitor lizards, snakes, and cats.
Where Do Possums Fit in the Animal Food Chain?
Possums are instrumental to the animal food chain because they provide food to the animals that eat them. They also prevent the overpopulation of some animal species because they prey on them.
Possums Vs. Opossums: Similarities and Differences
Possums are different from opossums although these two animals are often confused with one another. The one similarity between these two organisms is that they are marsupials. Their exact difference is evidenced by the scientific orders they belong to.
Opossums are from the order Didelphimorphia, and the possums are from the order Diprotodontia. Other differences between the two organisms are their physical descriptions and the geographical location in which they are found.